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(Intracranial pressure increased)
23,656 results
  • [Preoperative and postoperative ophthalmic symptoms in patients with space-occupying lesions of the midbrain and pineal region]. [Journal Article]
  • ZVZh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018; 82(3):42-47
  • Serova NK, Butenko EI, … Danilov GV
  • CONCLUSIONS: Before surgery, oculomotor and pupil disorders were detected in more than half of the (67%) patients; ophthalmoscopic signs of intracranial hypertension were present in 38% of the patients. Neuro-ophthalmic symptoms significantly more often occurred in patients with malignant tumors. Midbrain symptoms were significantly more pronounced in germ cell tumors than in other malignant neoplasms. In the early postoperative period after tumor resection, deterioration of oculomotor and pupillary functions occurred in 46% of cases; there were no changes in 51% of cases; improvement occurred in 3% of cases. After tumor biopsy, symptoms in all patients with germinomas remained at the preoperative level. Developed symptoms partially regressed in the long-term period, and finally, only 29% of patients had deterioration of oculomotor and pupillary functions compared to the preoperative level.
  • [Autoregulation of cerebral blood flow in severe diffuse axonal brain injury: the role of neuroanatomical factors]. [Journal Article]
  • ZVZh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018; 82(3):5-14
  • Aleksandrova EV, Oshorov AV, … Potapov AA
  • CONCLUSIONS: The obtained data may indicate the presence of central (neurogenic) pathways of cerebral vessel tone regulation; traumatic injury of the pathways leads to a more severe and prolonged period of impaired ACBF. Probably, injury to these regulatory structures in some patients has an indirect effect on the course of intracranial hypertension. Further experimental and clinical studies in this direction are needed to elucidate all elements of neurogenic regulation of cerebral vessel tone and ACBF mechanisms.
  • Misled by the Air: Pneumocephalus. [Journal Article]
  • CCureus 2018 Apr 14; 10(4):e2480
  • Shum KL, Tan Y
  • Pneumocephalus, the presence of air within the cranium, commonly suggests a breach in the meningeal layer or an intracranial infection by a gas-producing organism. Trauma is the most common cause of ...
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