- Generalized erythematous and scaly plaques and papules: a rare case of Rosai-Dorfman disease accompanied by multiple myeloma. [Journal Article]
- ABAn Bras Dermatol 2018; 93(3):432-434
- A 75-year-old male presented with generalized erythematous, scaly plaques and painless lymphadenopathy. Rosai-Dorfman disease was suspected based on clinical manifestations and confirmed by histopath...
A 75-year-old male presented with generalized erythematous, scaly plaques and painless lymphadenopathy. Rosai-Dorfman disease was suspected based on clinical manifestations and confirmed by histopathologic and immune reactivity studies performed on the biopsy obtained from the left supraclavicular lymph node. The patient was also diagnosed with multiple myeloma according to urine electrophoresis, serum light chain assay, and bone marrow biopsy, which were initially performed for evaluation of anemia. This report highlights the dermatological manifestations of Rosai-Dorfman disease with generalized painless lymphadenopathy.
- [CLINICAL AND IMMUNOLOGICAL CRITERIA FOR THE ADVERSE COURSE OF INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS IN CHILDREN]. [Journal Article]
- GMGeorgian Med News 2018; (278):132-138
- The article presents the results of our own studies to determine the criteria for the adverse variants of the course of infectious mononucleosis (IM) in children. The study was conducted in the regio...
The article presents the results of our own studies to determine the criteria for the adverse variants of the course of infectious mononucleosis (IM) in children. The study was conducted in the regional children's infectious clinical hospital in Kharkov. 161 children aged three to fifteen years were under observation with diagnosis of infectious moninucleosis. Out of 161 ill children, 140 (86.9%) had moderate severity of disease, and 21 (13.1%) had severe forms. All children were prescribed standard clinical and laboratory-instrumental examinations. The diagnosis of IM was verified by PCR (detection of VEB DNA in the blood) and ELISA (anti-VEB Ig M and Ig G). In 140 children (86.9%) IM proceeded sharply, smoothly (the first group), in 21 (13.1%) - unfavorably (wave and / or prolonged course) - the second group. The groups were comparable according to age, the severity of the disease and other parameters. All children received therapy according to approved protocols (Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine No. 354 of 09.07.2004). Immune status of children was assessed by determining the relative contents of CD3 +, CD4 +, CD8 +, CD16 +, CD19 + blood cells with appropriate monoclonal antibodies, serum IgA, IgM, IgG concentration by Mancini and interleukin (IL) -1β cytokine response and - 4, tumor necrosis factor (TNF α) is a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Based on the results of observations, it was established that the prognostically unfavorable criteria of IМ at the stages of manifestation of disease include: generalized lymphadenopathy involving 5-6 groups of lymph nodes and a significant increasing of them, purulent tonsillitis, marked increasing of size of liver and spleen on the background of anemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and the absence of atypical mononuclears in the complete blood count. There is a depression of the cellular link and an increase in the humoral mechanisms of immune responses in case of development of adverse course of IM.
- Gastric Carcinoma in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Coincidence or Consequence? [Journal Article]
- CCureus 2018 Apr 02; 10(4):e2405
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a neoplasm of mature B-cells of unknown etiology. There is a site-specific increased incidence of second malignancy in patients with CLL. Leukemia and cancer can...
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a neoplasm of mature B-cells of unknown etiology. There is a site-specific increased incidence of second malignancy in patients with CLL. Leukemia and cancer can thus occur in the same patient either simultaneously or sequentially. We present a case of gastric adenocarcinoma in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A 47-year old female presented with a history of abdominal pain for one year, along with nausea and vomiting for two months. On examination, she was pale and had generalized lymphadenopathy. Her abdominal examination revealed vague fullness in the epigastrium, but there was no definite palpable mass. The complete hemogram showed features suggestive of CLL, which was later confirmed by a lymph node biopsy and bone marrow examination. While upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an ulceroproliferative growth in the body of the stomach, its biopsy revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Gastric cancer developing in a patient with CLL may be due to the immunological impairment associated with other etiological factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection, smoking, etc. The treatment of gastric cancer consists of a gastrectomy with regional lymphadenectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. The co-existence of CLL and carcinoma stomach can pose a challenge in the management of such patients.
- How to Distinguish Patients with pSS among Individuals with Dryness without Invasive Diagnostic Studies. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Immunol Res 2018; 2018:1060421
- In the course of pSS, inflammatory cell infiltration consists mainly of lymphocytes infiltrating exocrine glands, which leads to their impaired function. The characteristic feature is generalized dry...
In the course of pSS, inflammatory cell infiltration consists mainly of lymphocytes infiltrating exocrine glands, which leads to their impaired function. The characteristic feature is generalized dryness. The aim of this study was to attempt to answer the question whether it is possible to distinguish between patients with pSS and individuals with dryness caused by other pathologies without applying invasive studies. The study included 68 patients with pSS and 43 healthy controls with dryness. FS ≥ 1 was observed in 90% of patients with pSS (with or without dryness), and only in 23% of the control group (only with xerostomia). In the pSS group, anaemia (p = 0.0085), lymphocytopenia (p = 0.0006), elevated ERS (p = 0.001), higher RF titer, and ANA antibodies were noted. Configuration of anti-SSA + SSB + Ro52 antibodies was characteristic for the pSS group. Considering the clinical symptoms, statistically significant differences were noted between pSS patients and the control group in frequency (p = 0.02) and severity (p = 0.042) of fatigue, lymphadenopathy, major salivary gland involvement, and photosensitivity to UV light. In conclusion, invasive methods are pivotal in pSS diagnosis in this salivary gland biopsy. Chronic fatigue syndrome is more common in pSS patients and can be subjective distinguishing factor in the group of people with dryness.
- An autopsy case of peripheral T cell lymphoma occurring in a postpartum woman: a unique case suggesting changes in the immunocharacteristics of lymphoma cells before and after delivery. [Journal Article]
- DPDiagn Pathol 2018 May 22; 13(1):32
- CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence and development of PTCL after delivery with the shift from CD4 positivity to CD8 positivity may be associated with not only the selection of resistant subclone as a result of chemotherapy but also the changes of immune status before and after delivery.
- Acute Gastritis and Splenic Infarction Caused by Epstein-Barr Virus. [Journal Article]
- PGPediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2018; 21(2):147-153
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can be presented with various clinical manifestations and different levels of severity when infected. Infectious mononucleosis, which is most commonly caused by EBV...
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can be presented with various clinical manifestations and different levels of severity when infected. Infectious mononucleosis, which is most commonly caused by EBV infection in children and adolescents, is a clinical syndrome characterized by fatigue, malaise, fever, sore throat, and generalized lymphadenopathy. But rarely, patients with infectious mononucleosis may present with gastrointestinal symptoms and complicated by gastritis, splenic infarction, and splenic rupture. We encountered a 16-year-old girl who presented with fever, fatigue, and epigastric pain. Splenic infarction and EBV-associated gastritis were diagnosed by using esophagogastroduodenoscopy and abdominal computed tomography. Endoscopy revealed a generalized hyperemic nodular lesion in the stomach, and the biopsy findings were chronic gastritis with erosion and positive in situ hybridization for EBV. As splenic infarction and acute gastritis are rare in infectious mononucleosis and are prone to be overlooked, we must consider these complications when an infectious mononucleosis patient presents with gastrointestinal symptom.
- Granuloma Annulare Skin Lesions in a Case of Sarcoidosis. [Journal Article]
- IDIndian Dermatol Online J 2018 Mar-Apr; 9(2):117-119
- We report the case of a 32-year- old man with a short 3-week history of erythematous, annular, non scaly plaques on palmar and dorsal aspect of his hands, who was concurrently diagnosed as a case of ...
We report the case of a 32-year- old man with a short 3-week history of erythematous, annular, non scaly plaques on palmar and dorsal aspect of his hands, who was concurrently diagnosed as a case of sarcoidosis on the basis of findings of generalized lymphadenopathy and radiological and histological features of pulmonary sarcoidosis. His skin biopsy was consistent with the diagnosis of granuloma annulare. Sarcoidosis and granuloma annulare are two separate diseases, which involve the skin and have a mononuclear histiocytic cellular reaction, although their aetiology is still unknown. Granuloma annulare has been associated with the concomitant diagnosis of sarcoidosis in only two more case reports and this association can be evaluated further to study a common link in the aetipathogenesis of these two granulomatous skin diseases.
- Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome associated with cefotaxime and clindamycin use in a 6 year-old boy: a case report. [Case Reports]
- PAPan Afr Med J 2017; 28:218
- Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening idiosyncratic drug reaction. It presents with extensive rash, fever, lymphadenopathy,...
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening idiosyncratic drug reaction. It presents with extensive rash, fever, lymphadenopathy, hematologic abnormalities (eosinophilia and/or atypical lymphocytosis) and internal organ involvement. It has been described in association with more than 50 drugs. To the best of our knowledge neither cefotaxime nor clindamycin has been previously reported to induce DRESS syndrome in children. Clindamycin was reported only in adults as a cause of DRESS syndrome in the literature. In this report, we aimed to present a child with DRESS syndrome that developed after cefotaxime and clindamycin treatment. A 6-year-old boy was diagnosed with the left lower lobe pneumonia and pleural effusion. Parenteral cefotaxime and clindamycin were then started, after which the patient improved clinically and was discharged 7 days later with oral amoxicillin clavulanate treatment. After four days he was readmitted to the hospital with fever and cough. Chest X-ray revealed left lower lobe pneumonia and pleural effusion. We considered that the pneumonia was unresponsive to oral antibiotic treatment, and therefore parenteral cefotaxime and clindamycin were re-administered. As a result, his clinical and radiological findings were improved within 10 days. On the 12th of day of hospitalization, the body temperature has risen to 39°C, which we considered to be caused by antibiotics and stopped antibiotic treatment. At the same day he developed generalized maculopapular erythematous rash, which was considered an allergic reaction secondary to antibiotics. Despite the antihistaminic drug administration, the clinical status quickly deteriorated with generalized edema, lymphadenopathies and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory tests revealed a white blood cell count of 4300/μl, a lymphocyte count of 1300/μl, a hemoglobin level of 11.2 gr/dl, a platelet count of 120.000/μl, an eosinophilia ratio of 10% on peripheral blood smear, a C-reactive protein level of 20 mg/dl, a procalcitonin level of 23.94 ng/ml and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 48 mm/h. Anti nuclear antibody, anti-double stranded DNA, the serologic tests for Epstein Bar virus, herpes simplex virus, parvovirus, mycoplasma, toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus were all found negative. Bone marrow aspiration was consistent with an autoimmune reaction. An echocardiographic examination was normal. Thoracic tomography revealed multiple enlarged axillary, supraclavicular and anterior mediastinal lymph nodes. As the patient met 8 out of 9 RegiSCAR criteria for the diagnosis of DRESS, we started pulse methyl prednisolone (30 mg/kg/day) for three days followed by 2 mg/kg/day. On the 2nd day fever resolved and cutaneous rash and edema improved. Ten days after developing eruptions the patient was discharged. To our knowledge, we report the first pediatric case of DRESS syndrome following treatment with cefotaxime and clindamycin. Pediatricians should be aware of this potential complication associated with these commonly prescribed antibiotics.
- Rosai-Dorfman Disease Complicated by Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in a Child: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Oncol 2018 Jan-Apr; 11(1):55-62
- Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare histiocytic proliferative disorder that commonly presents with a massive lymphadenopathy and a variety of constitutional symptoms. Severe hemolytic anemia is an infreq...
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare histiocytic proliferative disorder that commonly presents with a massive lymphadenopathy and a variety of constitutional symptoms. Severe hemolytic anemia is an infrequent complication of this disease. Although the etiology of the condition is unknown, infectious agents including viruses have been implicated. We describe a 2-year-old female child who presented with fever, pallor, and generalized lymphadenopathy complicated by the development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. A review of the literature of this condition is also provided.
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- Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma as a Methotrexate-associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis - A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- IMIntern Med 2018 Feb 28
- The patient was a 74-year-old Japanese woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who developed generalized lymphadenopathy with elevated levels of lactase dehydrogenase (LD), and soluble IL-2 receptor (sI...
The patient was a 74-year-old Japanese woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who developed generalized lymphadenopathy with elevated levels of lactase dehydrogenase (LD), and soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R). She was found to be positive for anti-human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) antibodies. Her symptoms and laboratory abnormalities spontaneously regressed after the cessation of methotrexate (MTX), suggesting that she had an MTX-associated lymphoproliferative disorder; however, her lymphadenopathy appeared again approximately 14 months later with LD and sIL-2R elevation. A histopathological analysis and Southern blotting of a lymph node biopsy specimen for HTLV-1 provirus supported the diagnosis of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) (lymphoma type). These data confirmed that an HTLV-1 positive RA patient may develop ATL.