- Multiple Synchronous Sporadic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors in the Stomach and Jejunum. [Journal Article]
- IMIntern Med 2018 Feb 09
- A 77-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital for the further examination of melena. A computed tomography scan detected two submucosal tumors (SMTs) in the stomach and jejunum. Double-balloon e...
A 77-year-old patient was admitted to our hospital for the further examination of melena. A computed tomography scan detected two submucosal tumors (SMTs) in the stomach and jejunum. Double-balloon endoscopy revealed the presence of a delle on the jejunal SMT, suggesting that the SMT was the origin of the gastrointestinal bleeding. Both tumors were surgically resected and subsequently diagnosed via histology as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Furthermore, the two GISTs had different mutations in the c-kit gene, suggesting that they were derived from different clonal origins. This report depicts an extremely rare case of multiple synchronous sporadic GISTs in the stomach and jejunum.
- Phytotherapeutic Activities of Sanguisorba officinalis and its Chemical Constituents: A Review. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Chin Med 2018 Feb 12; :1-20
- Sanguisorba officinalis Linne (S. officinalis, Rosaceae) has been used as a medicinal plant for the treatment of burns, hematemesis, melena, intestinal infections, and dermatitis for a long time in C...
Sanguisorba officinalis Linne (S. officinalis, Rosaceae) has been used as a medicinal plant for the treatment of burns, hematemesis, melena, intestinal infections, and dermatitis for a long time in China, Korea, and Japan. The therapeutic efficacy of this herb is intimately associated with its anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal, hemostatic, and anticancer activities. Its root contains triterpenoid saponins (zigyuglycoside I: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O[Formula: see text] and ziyuglycoside II: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O8) and tannins (sanguiin H-6: C[Formula: see text]H[Formula: see text]O[Formula: see text]). It has been recently revealed that these active constituents of S. officinalis possess antiwrinkle properties without cytotoxicity. They also have anticancer effects by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Moreover, they can inhibit proliferative tumorigenesis. The underlying mechanism involved in the pharmacological actions of these active constituents is mainly related to p38 MAPK signaling. Although various studies have reported its therapeutic activities and major chemical components, review articles that extensively organize various properties of S. officinalis and its major constituents are still scarce. Taken together, the objective of this paper is to provide overall pharmacological and phytochemical profiles of S. officinalis and its constituents (including ziyuglycoside I, ziyuglycoside II, and sanguiin H-6), and their potential roles in clinical applications for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, bleeding disorders, and cancer.
- A Dieulafoy's lesion in a duodenal diverticulum. An infrequent cause of UGIB. [Journal Article]
- RERev Esp Enferm Dig 2018 Feb 09; 110
- We present the case of an 82-year-old man with a history of heart failure, mitral regurgitation, type 2 DM, hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy and a paroxysmal atrial flutter. The patient was under...
We present the case of an 82-year-old man with a history of heart failure, mitral regurgitation, type 2 DM, hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy and a paroxysmal atrial flutter. The patient was under treatment with Sintrom. The patient presented to the emergency department due to melenic depositions of a one day evolution and dietary vomiting. There was no rectal bleeding and the patient was admitted three months previously due to self-limited melena with a normal gastroscopy. Anemia of 8 g and an overdose of Sintrom was diagnosed. A gastroscopy was performed and a large duodenal diverticulum with a fresh clot was found that was washed. A Dieulafoy lesion was subsequently found underneath with jet bleeding, which was sclerotic with adrenaline and a hemoclip. There was a favorable evolution after correcting the coagulopathy.
- Gastrointestinal involvement by mantle cell lymphoma identified by biopsy performed during endoscopy: A case report. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(6):e9799
- CONCLUSIONS: EUS has an important role in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal submucosal tumors. Performing a pathological biopsy including EUS may be useful for identifying the unknown nature of tumors of the digestive tract.
- A Prospective Multicenter Study Evaluating Bleeding Risk after Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration in Patients Prescribed Antithrombotic Agents. [Journal Article]
- GLGut Liver 2018 Feb 08
- CONCLUSIONS: The rate of bleeding after EUS-FNA in patients prescribed antithrombotic agents might be considerable.
- Profile of peptic ulcer disease and its risk factors in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. [Journal Article]
- EPElectron Physician 2017; 9(11):5740-5745
- CONCLUSIONS: This is the first population-based study in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia reporting point prevalence of peptic ulcer disease. The rate of 16.2% for gastric ulcer and 5.6% for duodenal ulcers are substantially high. Coffee drinking, physical stress, spicy food, prolonged use of NSAID and H. pylori infection were the reported risk factors. Population-based endoscopic studies are recommended.
- Insights into the management of gastric antral vascular ectasia (watermelon stomach). [Review]
- TATherap Adv Gastroenterol 2018; 11:1756283X17747471
- Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an uncommon but important cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. It is often associated with systemic diseases such as autoimmune diseases, liver cirrho...
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an uncommon but important cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. It is often associated with systemic diseases such as autoimmune diseases, liver cirrhosis, chronic renal insufficiency and cardiovascular disease. The etiology of GAVE has not been fully explored and remains controversial. Diagnosis is mainly based on endoscopic presentation with flat or raised erythematous stripes radiating from the pylorus to the antrum and resembles a watermelon. Clinical presentation may range from iron-deficiency anemia secondary to occult blood loss, melena to hematemesis. In past decades, many therapeutic modalities including medical, endoscopic and surgical intervention have been introduced for GAVE treatment with variable efficacy. Herein, we review the efficacy and safety of these treatment options for GAVE.
- Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastric stump: A case report and literature review. [Journal Article]
- WJWorld J Gastroenterol 2018 Jan 28; 24(4):543-548
- We herein report a case of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastric stump found 47 years after Billroth II gastric resection for a benign gastric ulcer. A 74-year-old man was referred to another hospi...
We herein report a case of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastric stump found 47 years after Billroth II gastric resection for a benign gastric ulcer. A 74-year-old man was referred to another hospital with melena. Endoscopic examination revealed a localized ulcerative lesion at the gastrojejunal anastomosis. The diagnosis by endoscopic biopsy was neuroendocrine carcinoma. A total gastrectomy of the remnant stomach with D2 lymphadenectomy was performed at our hospital. The lesion invaded the subserosa, and metastasis was found in two of nine the lymph nodes retrieved. The lesion was positive for synaptophysin and chromogranin A, and the Ki-67 labeling index was 60%. The diagnosis of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastric stump was confirmed using World Health Organization 2010 criteria. Subsequently, the patient underwent one course of adjuvant chemotherapy with the etoposide plus cisplatin (EP) regimen; however, treatment was discontinued due to grade 3 myelosuppression. The patient showed lymph node metastasis in the region around the gastrojejunal anastomosis in the abdominal cavity 7 mo post-surgery. He then underwent radiotherapy and platinum-based combination chemotherapy; however, the disease progressed and liver recurrence was observed on follow-up computed tomography at 16 mo post-surgery. The patient then received chemotherapy with regimens used for the treatment of small cell lung cancer in first- and second-line settings. The patient died of disease progression 31 months after surgery.
- [A Case Report of Post-Radiochemotherapy Perineum Abscess Concurrent with Recurrence of Vaginal Cancer for Which Total Pelvic Exenteration Was Performed]. [Journal Article]
- GTGan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017; 44(12):1763-1765
- We report a case of a woman who was suffering from post-radiochemotherapy perineum abscess concurrent with the recurrence of vaginal cancer for which total pelvic exenteration was performed. A 66-yea...
We report a case of a woman who was suffering from post-radiochemotherapy perineum abscess concurrent with the recurrence of vaginal cancer for which total pelvic exenteration was performed. A 66-year-oldwoman presentedat our hospital with irregular genital bleeding in November 2014. A series of examinations showedthat she was suffering from vaginal cancer(cT2N0M0, cStage II ). A radiochemotherapy regimen(external irradiation 45 Gy/25 Fr, CDDP 40mg/m2, 5 course)was commencedin January 2015. In the meantime, MRI revealedsome therapeutic effect, but in October 2015, MRI indicated the enlargement of the primary tumor(PD). The chemotherapy regimen was alteredanda regimen of paclitaxel plus nedaplatin was commenced in November 2015 andw as continueduntil April 2016. MRI was performedin March 2016 to distinguish the therapeutic response between PR and CR. In May 2016, the patient complainedof an increasedfrequency of melena. Colonoscopy was performedto reveal Grade 3 radiation enteritis, andargon plasma coagulation was requiredto stop bleeding. In June 2016, MRI was performedandrevealedCR. In July 2016, however, the radiation enteritis led to rectovaginal fistula, for which we performed transverse colostomy. Thereafter, the necrotic tissue gradually expanded into the perineum area to involve the urethra. Recurrence of the cancer was suspected; therefore, we decided to perform total pelvic exenteration in December 2016. Pathological examination of the surgical specimen indicated the recurrence of the vaginal cancer. We report this rare case andd iscuss the usefulness of total pelvic exenteration for the recurrence of vaginal cancer.
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- [A Case of Unresectable Advanced Gastric Cancer Treated with Palliative Radiation Therapy for Massive Bleeding]. [Journal Article]
- GTGan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017; 44(12):1653-1655
- The patient was a 77-year-old man. He was diagnosed with Stage IV gastric cancer with pancreatic invasion and pyloric stenosis. After gastrojejunostomy, S-1 monotherapy was started. Melena and fatigu...
The patient was a 77-year-old man. He was diagnosed with Stage IV gastric cancer with pancreatic invasion and pyloric stenosis. After gastrojejunostomy, S-1 monotherapy was started. Melena and fatigue appeared 2 months after chemotherapy, and Grade 3 anemia was confirmed. Palliative radiotherapy of 30 Gy in 10 Fr was administered to control bleeding from the lesion. The progression of anemia stopped and outpatient chemotherapy became possible. Palliative radiotherapy for persistent bleeding from unresectable advanced gastric cancer is considered an effective treatment option to control bleeding.