- Liver resection for metastases of tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma: Report of two cases. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 May 16; 48:26-29
- CONCLUSIONS: Complete resection of tracheal ACC provides better survival. Radiotherapy is also recommended. However, the optimal treatment for metastases of ACC is unclear, especially because liver resection for metastases of tracheal ACC is rarely reported. Our two cases of metastases of tracheal ACC were surgically managed with good outcomes.Liver resection for metastases of tracheal ACC may contribute to long survival.
- Speckle-type POZ protein suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma cell migration and invasion via ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of SUMO1/sentrin specific peptidase 7. [Journal Article]
- BBBiochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 May 16
- Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with high metastatic potential and high mortality. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) is a key adaptor molecule o...
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with high metastatic potential and high mortality. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that speckle-type POZ protein (SPOP) is a key adaptor molecule of ubiquitination. However, the molecular mechanism of SPOP-mediated ubiquitination in HCC metastasis remains obscure. In the present study, our results indicated that SPOP expression was significantly downregulated in HCC and was associated with tumor size, differentiation and metastasis. Cox regression model showed that low SPOP expression was a risk factor related to the prognosis of HCC patients. Loss- and gain-of-function assays demonstrated that SPOP inhibited HCC cell migration and invasion in vitro. Mechanisitically, co-immunoprecipitation and ubiquitination assays revealed that SPOP recognized and bound SENP7 and promoted its degradation via ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. Analysis of immunohistochemistry showed that vimentin expression was correlated negatively with SPOP and positively with SENP7. These results implied that increased degradation of SENP7 by overexpression of SPOP decreased vimentin levels, which in turn attenuated HCC cell metastasis. Moreover, in vivo assays showed that SPOP overexpression also significantly suppressed liver and lung metastases. In summary, SPOP inhibits HCC cell metastasis via ubiquitin-dependent SENP7 proteolysis and may thus serve as a new opinion for the prevention of HCC metastasis.
- Application of Cu-64 NODAGA-PSMA PET in Prostate Cancer. [Journal Article]
- ATAdv Ther 2018 May 17
- CONCLUSIONS: 64Cu NODAGA-PSMA PET is a promising imaging tool in the detection of residual disease in patients with recurrent or primary progressive prostate cancer. Furthermore, the increased tracer uptake over time indicates in vivo stability of the diagnostic radiopharmaceutical.
- Factor XIIIA-expressing inflammatory monocytes promote lung squamous cancer through fibrin cross-linking. [Journal Article]
- NCNat Commun 2018 May 18; 9(1):1988
- Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and lung squamous carcinomas (LUSC) represent about 30% of cases. Molecular aberrations in lung adenocarcinomas have allowed for e...
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and lung squamous carcinomas (LUSC) represent about 30% of cases. Molecular aberrations in lung adenocarcinomas have allowed for effective targeted treatments, but corresponding therapeutic advances in LUSC have not materialized. However, immune checkpoint inhibitors in sub-populations of LUSC patients have led to exciting responses. Using computational analyses of The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified a subset of LUSC tumors characterized by dense infiltration of inflammatory monocytes (IMs) and poor survival. With novel, immunocompetent metastasis models, we demonstrated that tumor cell derived CCL2-mediated recruitment of IMs is necessary and sufficient for LUSC metastasis. Pharmacologic inhibition of IM recruitment had substantial anti-metastatic effects. Notably, we show that IMs highly express Factor XIIIA, which promotes fibrin cross-linking to create a scaffold for LUSC cell invasion and metastases. Consistently, human LUSC samples containing extensive cross-linked fibrin in the microenvironment correlated with poor survival.
- A systematic review of the risk factors for clinical response to opioids for all-age patients with cancer-related pain and presentation of the paediatric STOP pain study. [Journal Article]
- BCBMC Cancer 2018 May 18; 18(1):568
- CONCLUSIONS: Future studies on cancer pain should be designed with consideration for the highlighted factors to enhance our understanding of opioid non-response and safety. Studies in children are mandatory.
- Phase II study of maintenance pembrolizumab in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thorac Oncol 2018 May 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance pembrolizumab did not appear to improve median PFS compared to historical data. However, 1-year PFS of 13% and OS of 37% suggest that a subset of patients did benefit from pembrolizumab.
- FIR: Efficacy, Safety, and Biomarker Analysis of a Phase II Open-Label Study of Atezolizumab in PD-L1-Selected Patients with Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thorac Oncol 2018 May 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Atezolizumab monotherapy showed clinical activity in patients with NSCLC, including those with brain metastases; safety was consistent with previous trials. Atezolizumab has completed phase III monotherapy studies in second-line; front-line trials are ongoing, confirming these favorable results.
- Site-specific expression of amine oxidases in breast cancer metastases. [Journal Article]
- TBTumour Biol 2018; 40(5):1010428318776822
- We aimed to evaluate the expression of amine oxidase-related proteins in metastatic breast cancer tissue and determine its clinical implication. A tissue microarray was constructed from a total of 12...
We aimed to evaluate the expression of amine oxidase-related proteins in metastatic breast cancer tissue and determine its clinical implication. A tissue microarray was constructed from a total of 126 metastatic breast tumors (31 bone metastases (24.6%), 36 brain metastases (28.6%), 11 liver metastases (8.7%), and 48 lung metastases (38.1%)). Immunohistochemical staining for amine oxidase-related proteins (lysyl oxidase, diamine oxidase, and monoamine oxidase A and B) was performed. In metastatic breast cancer tissue, lysyl oxidase ( p = 0.001), tumoral diamine oxidase ( p = 0.003), stromal diamine oxidase ( p = 0.047), and stromal monoamine oxidase B ( p = 0.002) were differentially expressed in different metastatic sites. Bone metastases showed low expression of lysyl oxidase, tumoral diamine oxidase, and stromal diamine oxidase. We observed high expression of lysyl oxidase in brain metastases, tumoral diamine oxidase in liver metastases, stromal diamine oxidase in lung metastases, and stromal monoamine oxidase B in bone metastases. Lysyl oxidase positivity was associated with progesterone receptor negativity ( p = 0.001), and monoamine oxidase A positivity was associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 negativity ( p = 0.003) and the luminal A subtype ( p = 0.003). On univariate analysis shorter overall survival was associated with stromal diamine oxidase negativity ( p = 0.008), especially in lung metastases ( p = 0.025), and stromal monoamine oxidase B positivity ( p < 0.001). Stromal monoamine oxidase B positivity was an independent prognostic factor for shorter overall survival in multivariate Cox analysis (hazard ratio, 4.069; 95% confidence interval, 1.649-10.04; p = 0.002). Finally, in metastatic breast cancer, amine oxidase-related proteins were differentially expressed in a manner specific to metastatic site, and stromal monoamine oxidase B expression was correlated with prognosis.
- Outcomes of Surgery as Part of the Management of Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Database Analysis. [Journal Article]
- CICancer Invest 2018 Apr 21; 36(4):238-245
- The role of local treatment in patients with oligometastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a subject of ongoing debate. This study assessed the survival impact of combined surgery to the prim...
The role of local treatment in patients with oligometastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a subject of ongoing debate. This study assessed the survival impact of combined surgery to the primary tumor and metastatic disease in the management of metastatic NSCLC. Stage IV NSCLC patients at presentation, diagnosed from 2004 to 2013 were identified from the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) database. Propensity-matched analysis was performed considering baseline characteristics (age, gender, race, histology, TN stage, and site of metastases). A total of 144,334 patients were identified. The median age group was 65-70 years, and 1139 patients (0.8% of the patients) have received surgical treatment to both the primary tumor and metastatic disease. Both before and after propensity score matching, cancer-specific and overall survival were better in the surgical therapy group (P < 0.0001 for all). When the analysis was restricted to the subsets of patients with brain only M1 disease or isolated contra lateral nodule, overall survival was improved by combined surgery. However, in multivariate analysis of the overall population (postmatching), combined surgery was not associated with a better overall survival (0.576). Despite the apparently beneficial role of surgery in this study for some patients with metastatic disease, the absence of adequate information about systemic therapy as well as associated comorbidity hinders the generation of definite conclusions. Prospective studies are needed to confirm the role of surgery in the setting of metastatic disease.
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- Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of treatment efficacy and prognosis for brain metastases in lung cancer patients after radiotherapy: A preliminary study. [Journal Article]
- TCThorac Cancer 2018 May 17
- CONCLUSIONS: After radiotherapy for brain metastases, patients with the island sign had longer survival periods, high-signal rings in T2 FLAIR, elevated Lip peaks, and reduced apparent diffusion coefficient values, indicating tumor necrosis. Increased diameter of metastases and Cho/Cr > 2 cannot serve as reliable indicators of brain metastasis progression.