- Clinical and immunological pattern and outcome of Egyptian systemic lupus erythematosus patients: a single center experience. [Journal Article]
- LLupus 2018 Jan 01; :961203318776085
- Objective The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and immunological pattern and disease outcome in Egyptian systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Patients and methods The medical re...
Objective The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and immunological pattern and disease outcome in Egyptian systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Patients and methods The medical records of 770 systemic lupus erythematosus patients who were followed from 2002-2015 at Kasr Alainy Hospital, Cairo University, were retrospectively reviewed. Results There were 707 (91.8%) females. The mean age at disease onset was 22.1 ± 8.6 and the disease duration was 6.1 ± 4.5 years. The main clinical manifestations were mucocutaneous (90.8% with oral ulcers affecting 52.5%), arthritis (80.3%), nephritis (67.8%), hematologic involvement (64.9%), serositis (55.2%) and neuropsychiatric manifestations (44.3%). The frequencies of antinuclear antibodies were 94.3%, anti-dsDNA 74.8%, anti-Smith 11%, anticardiolipin antibodies 29.5% and lupus anticoagulant 19.8%. Infections, predominantly bacterial, affected 337 (43.8%) patients. Thirty-three (4.3%) patients died. The main causes of death were sepsis and disease activity. The five- and 10-year survival rates for the total cohort were 97.4% and 96.3%, respectively, and were 96% and 92%, respectively for those with nephritis ( p = 0.008). Autoimmune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated serum creatinine, a higher damage index, infections, a higher glucocorticoid dose and cyclophosphamide use ≥ six months were associated with an increased risk of mortality with odds ratios of 3.69, p < 0.01; 4.12, p < 0.001; 1.54, p < 0.001; 1.43, p < 0.001; 5.08, p < 0.001; 5.04, p < 0.001 and 2.25, p = 0.03, respectively. Conclusion Compared to other cohorts, a relatively lower mean age at systemic lupus erythematosus onset and higher frequencies of oral ulcers, serositis and nephritis were found.
- [Clinical analysis of seven cases of rare hemolytic disease of the newborn]. [Journal Article]
- ZEZhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 May 02; 56(5):369-372
- Objective: To summarize the clinical features of 7 rare cases of hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN), and to improve the understanding of rare HDN. Methods: Data of clinical information, laboratory ...
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of 7 rare cases of hemolytic disease of newborn (HDN), and to improve the understanding of rare HDN. Methods: Data of clinical information, laboratory findings, treatments and outcomes were collected and analyzed for four cases with HDN due to anti-M, two cases due to anti-Kidd, and one case due to anti-Duffy. All of them were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medial University from July 2007 to June 2017. Results: Among the four MN hemolytic babies, two were males and two were females. Jaundice was found in three cases. Two cases had hyperbilirubinemia, one of them had severe hyperbilirubinemia. All the four cases developed anemia, including severe anemia in three cases. Two cases of Kidd hemolytic disease and 1 case of Duffy hemolytic disease had jaundice and anemia, but did not reach the level of severe hyperbilirubinemia and severe anemia. MN hemolytic disease babies got negative results in direct antiglobulin test, whereas the Kidd and Duffy hemolytic disease babies had positive findings in direct antiglobulin test. None of the babies had blood transfusion, and they were discharged from the hospital. Conclusions: Without maternal and fetal blood group incompatibility (ABO or Rh blood-group system), for early onset of jaundice, severe jaundice or anemia, antiglobulin test to mother and child earlier should be administered, and MN, Kidd, Duffy and other rare hemolytic disease of the newborn should be pay attention to.
- [Using target next-generation sequencing assay in diagnosing of 46 patients with suspected congenital anemias]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 May 14; 39(5):414-419
- Objective: To evaluate the impact of the targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay for difficult congenital anemias. Methods: Blood Disease Hospital Anemia Panel 2014 (BDHAP-2014) including 2...
Objective: To evaluate the impact of the targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay for difficult congenital anemias. Methods: Blood Disease Hospital Anemia Panel 2014 (BDHAP-2014) including 217 known genes of congenital anemias was developed. NGS and parental verification were performed for patients who were suspected diagnosed with congenital anaemia from August 2014 to July 2017. Results: A total of 46 patients were enrolled in this study, the clinical suspection were 11 cases Fanconi anemia (FA), 8 cases congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA), 6 cases congenital sideroblast anemia (CSA), 12 cases congenital hemolytic anemia (CHA), 1 case dyskeratosis congenital (DC), 4 cases iron-refractory iron deficiency anemia and 4 cases unexplained cytopenia (Uc), respectively. 28 (60.9%) of 46 patients became confirmed cases after targeted NGS, corresponding to 44 mutations of which 33 were new. 26(56.5%) patients with results of the assay matching to clinical suspection, including FA (5/11, 45.5%), CSA (6/6, 100.0%), CDA (3/8, 37.5%) and CHA (12/12, 100.0%). 2 (4.3%) cases not matching to clinical suspection, including dyskeratosis congenital (DC) was made in 1(2.2%) patients with suspected FA and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL) was made in 1(2.2%) patients with suspected unexplained cytopenia (Uc). In 12 CHA patients, the hemolytic type was further clarified by the NGS. The remaining 18 cases were not clearly diagnosed. Conclusion: Targeted NGS assay is of major impact on congenital anemias. The assay should be used routinely in congenital anemias.
- [Comparison of hemolytic characteristics among paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, autoimmune hemolytic anemia and hereditary spherocytosis]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2018 Apr 14; 39(4):299-304
- Objective: To determine the valuable hemolytic characteristics in differential diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and hereditary spherocytosis...
Objective: To determine the valuable hemolytic characteristics in differential diagnosis of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and hereditary spherocytosis (HS). Method: The clinical and hemolytic characteristics of 108 PNH patients, 127 AIHA patients and 172 HS patients diagnosed from January 1998 to April 2017 were compared. Results: ①Reticulocyte percentage (Ret%) of PNH patients [6.70% (0.14%-22.82%)] was significantly lower than that of AIHA [14.00%(0.10%-55.95%), P<0.001] and HS patients [11.83%(0.60%-57.39%), P<0.001]. The Ret% in PNH patients were significantly lower than those in AIHA and HS patients at the same levels of anemia, except for in mild anemia between PNH and AIHA patients. However, when comparing the Ret% between AIHA and HS patients, there was significant difference only in mild anemia [7.63%(1.87%-29.20%)% vs 11.20%(3.31%-22.44%), z=-2.165, P=0.030]. ②The level of TBIL in HS patients was significantly higher than that in AIHA and PNH patients [79.3 (11.2-244.0) μmol/L vs 57.6 (7.6-265.0) μmol/L, z=5.469, P<0.001; 79.3(11.2-244.0) μmol/L vs 26.2(4.6-217.7) μmol/L, z=-2.165, P<0.001], and the proportion of HS patients with TBIL more than 4 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) (64.1%) was significantly higher than that of AIHA (37.7%, χ(2)=19.896, P<0.001) and PNH patients (4.6%, P<0.001). ③The LDH level of PNH patients was significantly higher than that of AIHA and HS [1 500 (216-5 144) U/L vs 487 (29-3 516) U/L, z=-9.556, P<0.001; 1 500 (216-5 144) U/L vs 252 (132-663) U/L, z=-11.518, P<0.001], and the proportion of PNH patients with LDH more than 1 000 U/L (79.1%) was significantly higher than that of AIHA patients (13.0%, χ(2)=93.748, P<0.001) and HS patients (0, P<0.001). ④Splenomegaly occurred in 43.5% of PNH patients, including 16.0% with severe splenomegaly. In contrast, the occurrence of splenomegaly was 98.6% in AIHA patients and 100.0% in HS patients (P<0.001), and 63.0% of AIHA patients (P<0.001) and 90.4% of HS patients (P<0.001) were with severe splenomegaly. ⑤The prevalence of cholelithiasis in HS patients was up to 43.1%, significantly higher than that in AIHA patients (10.5%, P<0.001) and PNH patients (2.9%, P<0.001). Conclusion: The comprehensive assessment of the five hemolytic characteristics is simplified, practical and efficient, with great clinical significance, providing specific indicators for differential diagnosis and efficient approach for making further work-up.
- Biomarker signatures of sickle cell disease severity. [Journal Article]
- BCBlood Cells Mol Dis 2018 May 16
- Identifying sickle cell disease patients at high risk of complications could lead to personalized treatment and better prognosis but despite many advances prediction of the clinical course of these p...
Identifying sickle cell disease patients at high risk of complications could lead to personalized treatment and better prognosis but despite many advances prediction of the clinical course of these patients remains elusive. We propose a system-type approach to discover profiles of multiple, common biomarkers that correlate with morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease. We used cluster analysis to discover 17 signatures of 17 common circulating biomarkers in 2320 participants of the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease, and evaluated the association of these signatures with risk for stroke, pain, leg ulceration, acute chest syndrome, avascular necrosis, seizure, death, and trend of fetal hemoglobin and hemolysis using longitudinally collected data. The analysis shows that some of the signatures are associated with reduced risk for complications, while others are associated with increased risk for complications. We also show that these signatures repeat in two more contemporary studies of sickle cell disease and correlate with recently discovered biomarkers of pulmonary vascular disease. With replication and further study, these biomarker signatures could become an important and affordable precision medicine tool to aid treatment and management of the disease.
- Tacrolimus-induced asymptomatic thrombotic microangiopathy diagnosed by laboratory tests in pig-to-rhesus corneal xenotransplantation: A case report. [Journal Article]
- XXenotransplantation 2018 May 18; :e12404
- Tacrolimus-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a rare complication. TA-TMA is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ damage due to thrombus. We ...
Tacrolimus-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a rare complication. TA-TMA is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ damage due to thrombus. We report asymptomatic TA-TMA diagnosed by laboratory tests in pig-to-rhesus corneal xenotransplantation. Corneal transplantation had been conducted from a wild-type SNU miniature pig to a rhesus macaque. The veterinary records were retrospectively reviewed in this case. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of rituximab, basiliximab, and IVIg as inductive therapies, and steroids with tacrolimus (0.1 mg/kg/day) as maintenance therapies. Although there were no clinical symptoms, increased levels of lactate dehydrogenase, total bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen, and creatinine and decreased levels of hemoglobin and platelet were observed in laboratory tests on Day (D) 61. Systemic TA-TMA was tentatively diagnosed. Tacrolimus was discontinued starting on D71. Dalteparin, clopidogrel bisulfate (D77-D99), and IVIg (D72) were administered as a conservative treatment. Abnormal laboratory results were reversed on D99. When low-dose tacrolimus (0.07 mg/kg/day) was re-administered on D131 to prevent rejection of the graft, TMA was detected again by laboratory tests on D161, confirming the initial diagnosis. Discontinuation of tacrolimus on D162 and re-administration of Dalteparin (D161-D196) corrected the laboratory values on D161. This report shows that in pig-to-rhesus corneal xenotransplantation, clinically asymptomatic TMA can be induced by tacrolimus, and the discontinuation of tacrolimus and administration of anticoagulant seems sufficient to correct the laboratory TMA.
- Case-control study of plasma mean platelet component concentration and survival analysis for dogs with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 Jun 01; 252(11):1384-1392
- CONCLUSIONS: AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE In dogs with IMHA, platelets appeared to have been activated to a greater degree, as determined by lower plasma MPC concentrations, than in healthy dogs or sick dogs without IMHA. Plasma MPC concentration at initial examination may be useful for predicting prognosis in dogs with IMHA.
- Upshaw-Schulman Syndrome With c.2728C>T Mutation in ADAMTS13 Gene. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 May 16
- Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare autosomal recessive disorder presenting with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, micro vascular thrombosis, and end organ damage. Here, we pre...
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare autosomal recessive disorder presenting with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, micro vascular thrombosis, and end organ damage. Here, we present a case of a 7-year-old girl having recurrent neonatal hemolysis, developmental delay, frequent seizures, and thrombocytopenia. Characteristic clinical picture and gene sequencing of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 13 confirmed the diagnosis of Upshaw-Schulman syndrome. She was treated successfully with plasma infusion. The patient is alive at 6-month post follow-up, and on regular plasma therapy. Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura should be considered in the differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia with hemolytic anemia in infants.
- Bevacizumab-induced atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and treatment with eculizumab. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oncol Pharm Pract 2018 Jan 01; :1078155218774895
- Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used for the management of various solid malignancies including colorectal, lung, brain, renal, and ovarian cancers as well as age...
Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used for the management of various solid malignancies including colorectal, lung, brain, renal, and ovarian cancers as well as age-related macular degeneration of the eye. It is a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor which exhibits its action by blocking the growth of blood vessels in cancerous tissue. Common side effects include hypertension, fatigue, headaches, and increased risk of infections. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious side effect associated with bevacizumab due to its anti-angiogenic effect. It encompasses the clinical triad of thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute renal failure, without any association with Shiga toxins. Eculizumab is a terminal complement inhibitor used in the treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Herein, we present three cases of bevacizumab-induced atypical hemolytic syndrome treated successfully with eculizumab.
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- [Hemolytic anemia in cancer]. [Journal Article]
- RMRev Med Suisse 2018 May 16; 14(607):1021-1027
- Hemolysis (from the Greek word: hemolysis: hema = blood + lysis = liberation) is a medical term that describes red blood cell's destruction by mechanisms of lysis of the membrane. An hemolytic anemia...
Hemolysis (from the Greek word: hemolysis: hema = blood + lysis = liberation) is a medical term that describes red blood cell's destruction by mechanisms of lysis of the membrane. An hemolytic anemia occurs when excessive destruction of red blood cells overwhelms bone marrow's capacity of regeneration. Although anemia is frequently associated with an oncologic disease, hemolytic anemia is rarely diagnosed in oncologic patients. Consequently, a massive hemolysis can be quickly deleterious and often fatal. An early diagnosis can improve survival and can be made with inexpensive tests. In this article, we present the different types of hemolytic anemia associated with oncologic diseases, their mechanism and the treatment propositions depending on the etiology.