- Mutational subtypes of JAK2 and CALR correlate with different clinical features in Japanese patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hematol 2018 Feb 20
- The majority of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) harbor JAK2, CALR, or MPL mutations. We compared clinical manifestations of different subtypes of JA...
The majority of patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) harbor JAK2, CALR, or MPL mutations. We compared clinical manifestations of different subtypes of JAK2 and CALR mutations in Japanese patients with MPNs. Within our cohort, we diagnosed 166 patients as polycythemia vera (PV), 212 patients as essential thrombocythemia (ET), 23 patients as pre-primary myelofibrosis (PMF), 65 patients as overt PMF, and 27 patients as secondary myelofibrosis following the 2016 WHO criteria. Compared to patients with JAK2V617F-mutated PV, JAK2 exon 12-mutated PV patients were younger, showed lower white blood cell (WBC) counts, lower platelet counts, higher red blood cell counts, and higher frequency of thrombotic events. Compared to JAK2-mutated ET patients, CALR-mutated ET patients were younger, showed lower WBC counts, lower hemoglobin levels, higher platelet counts, and fewer thrombotic events. CALR type 1-like mutation was the dominant subtype in CALR-mutated overt PMF patients. Compared with JAK2V617F-mutated ET patients, JAK2V617F-mutated pre-PMF patients showed higher LDH levels, lower hemoglobin levels, higher JAK2V617F allele burden, and higher frequency of splenomegaly. In conclusion, Japanese patients with MPNs grouped by different mutation subtypes exhibit characteristics similar to those of their Western counterparts. In addition, ET and pre-PMF patients show different characteristics, even when restricted to JAK2V617F-mutated patients.
- Blast phase myeloproliferative neoplasm: Mayo-AGIMM study of 410 patients from two separate cohorts. [Journal Article]
- LLeukemia 2018 Feb 02
- A total of 410 patients with blast phase myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN-BP) were retrospectively reviewed: 248 from the Mayo Clinic and 162 from Italy. Median survival was 3.6 months, with no impro...
A total of 410 patients with blast phase myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN-BP) were retrospectively reviewed: 248 from the Mayo Clinic and 162 from Italy. Median survival was 3.6 months, with no improvement over the last 15 years. Multivariable analysis performed on the Mayo cohort identified high risk karyotype, platelet count < 100 × 109/L, age > 65 years and transfusion need as independent risk factors for survival. Also in the Mayo cohort, intensive chemotherapy resulted in complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete count recovery (CRi) rates of 35 and 24%, respectively; treatment-specified 3-year/5-year survival rates were 32/10% for patients receiving allogeneic stem cell transplant (AlloSCT) (n = 24), 19/13% for patients achieving CR/CRi but were not transplanted (n = 24), and 1/1% in the absence of both AlloSCT and CR/CRi (n = 200) (p < 0.01). The survival impact of AlloSCT (HR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.3), CR/CRi without AlloSCT (HR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.5), high risk karyotype (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2) and platelet count < 100 × 109/L (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.2) were confirmed to be inter-independent. Similar observations were made in the Italian cohort. The current study identifies the setting for improved short-term survival in MPN-BP, but also highlights the limited value of current therapy, including AlloSCT, in securing long-term survival.
- Enlarged spleen is associated with low neutrophil and platelet engraftment rates and poor survival after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. [Journal Article]
- AHAnn Hematol 2018 Feb 17
- Primary graft failure can be a cause of early morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), as it leads to a high risk of severe infections and bleeding. Sp...
Primary graft failure can be a cause of early morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), as it leads to a high risk of severe infections and bleeding. Splenomegaly is associated with primary graft failure in patients of myelofibrosis, but the association between splenomegaly and outcomes after HSCT in patients with myeloid malignancies has not been previously evaluated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of spleen volume on engraftment kinetics in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We enrolled 85 patients. The median spleen volume was 146 cm3(quartile 88-201 cm3). The adjusted hazard ratios for neutrophil and platelet engraftments were 0.17 (0.07-0.40, p < 0.001) and 0.19 (0.05-0.69, p = 0.011), respectively, for the high-risk group, at a cutoff splenic volume of 320 cm3. Overall survival at 3 years after HSCT was significantly poor in the high-risk group with an adjusted hazard ratio of 13.8 (2.61-72.4, p = 0.002). Enlarged spleen was associated with low neutrophil and platelet engraftment rates and poor survival after allogeneic HSCT in patients of AML and MDS.
- Mutational analysis aids the diagnosis of primary myelofibrosis with atypical morphology. [Letter]
- AHAnn Hematol 2018 Feb 17
- Incidence, Survival, and Risk Factors for Adults with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Not Otherwise Specified and Acute Myeloid Leukemia with Recurrent Genetic Abnormalities: Analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Database, 2001-2013. [Journal Article]
- AHActa Haematol 2018 Feb 16; 139(2):115-127
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the divergent outcomes of patients with AML and the importance of using the WHO classification system and demographic factors to gauge their prognosis.
- Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, acute myeloid leukemia, and myelofibrosis in a large family and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- LRLeuk Res 2018 Feb 02; 67:39-44
- CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of familial LCH, AML, and MF in one family. The pedigree suggests a common basis for these entities, which is further suggested by the presence of anticipation in the pedigree.
- Distinguishing myelofibrosis from polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia: The utility of enumerating circulating stem cells with aberrant hMICL expression by flow cytometry. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Lab Hematol 2018 Feb 10
- CONCLUSIONS: Enumeration of circulating hMICL+ stem cells by FCM can discriminate between MPN phenotypes and holds potential for monitoring disease evolution.
- The 2016 WHO classification and diagnostic criteria for myeloproliferative neoplasms: document summary and in-depth discussion. [Review]
- BCBlood Cancer J 2018 Feb 09; 8(2):15
- The new edition of the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification system for tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues was published in September 2017. Under the category of myeloprol...
The new edition of the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification system for tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues was published in September 2017. Under the category of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), the revised document includes seven subcategories: chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic neutrophilic leukemia, polycythemia vera (PV), primary myelofibrosis (PMF), essential thrombocythemia (ET), chronic eosinophilic leukemia-not otherwise specified and MPN, unclassifiable (MPN-U); of note, mastocytosis is no longer classified under the MPN category. In the current review, we focus on the diagnostic criteria for JAK2/CALR/MPL mutation-related MPNs: PV, ET, and PMF. In this regard, the 2016 changes were aimed at facilitating the distinction between masked PV and JAK2-mutated ET and between prefibrotic/early and overtly fibrotic PMF. In the current communication, we (i) provide practically useful resource tables and graphs on the new diagnostic criteria including outcome, (ii) elaborate on the rationale for the 2016 changes, (iii) discuss the complementary role of mutation screening, (iv) address ongoing controversies and propose solutions, (v) attend to the challenges of applying WHO criteria in routine clinical practice, and (vi) outline future directions from the perspectives of the clinical pathologist.
- JAK inhibition and symptom control in myeloproliferative neoplasms. [Journal Article]
- CMCurr Med Res Opin 2018 Feb 08; :1-6
New Search Next
- A rare CALR variant mutation and a review of CALR in essential thrombocythemia. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thromb Thrombolysis 2018 Feb 06
- Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is an indolent myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by megakaryocyte hyperplasia, thrombocytosis, thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications, and potential transform...
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is an indolent myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by megakaryocyte hyperplasia, thrombocytosis, thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications, and potential transformation into myelofibrosis and acute myeloid leukemia. The vast majority of cases are driven by a somatic mutation in JAK2, CALR, or MPL. CALR, a gene that codes for the calcium-binding chaperone calreticulin, is the predominant mutation in patients with non-mutated JAK2 essential thrombocythemia, accounting for 20-25% of the overall somatic mutation frequency in ET. In this brief review of ET, we introduce a rare CALR mutation through a case presentation of a 58-year-old man with diffuse pulmonary emboli in the setting of thrombocytosis. We subsequently characterize the main types of CALR mutations and their value in diagnosis and prognosis of disease course, and lastly discuss the current clinical approach to ET.