- [Tubular aggregate myopathy and Stormorken syndrome]. [Journal Article]
- MSMed Sci (Paris) 2018; 34 Hors série n°2:26-31
- Calcium (Ca2+) is an essential regulator for a large number of cellular functions in various tissues and organs, and small disturbances of Ca2+ homeostasis can severely compromise normal physiology. ...
Calcium (Ca2+) is an essential regulator for a large number of cellular functions in various tissues and organs, and small disturbances of Ca2+ homeostasis can severely compromise normal physiology. Intracellular Ca2+ balance is mainly controlled by the reticular Ca2+ sensor STIM1 and the plasma membrane Ca2+ channel ORAI1 through a mechanism known as store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Gain-of-function mutations in STIM1 or ORAI1 cause excessive extracellular Ca2+ influx, resulting in tubular aggregate myopathy (TAM) and Stormorken syndrome (STRMK). Both disorders are spectra of the same disease and involve muscle weakness, miosis, thrombocytopenia, hyposplenism, ichthyosis, dyslexia, and short stature. Here we summarize the clinical and histological characteristics of both disorders, provide an overview on the genetic causes, and recapitulate the current knowledge on the pathomechanisms leading to the multi-systemic phenotype of tubular aggregate myopathy and Stormorken syndrome.
- Isokinetic assessment of trunk muscles in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 patients. [Journal Article]
- NDNeuromuscul Disord 2018 Sep 27
- Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 is the third most common inherited myopathy. Its severity is proportionate to the loss of microsatellite D4Z4 repetitions, which are below 10. Patients s...
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 is the third most common inherited myopathy. Its severity is proportionate to the loss of microsatellite D4Z4 repetitions, which are below 10. Patients suffer from weakness in facial muscles, shoulder girdles and ankle dorsiflexors. Trunk impairment is reported in few studies. To assess correlation between D4Z4 number of repetitions in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 patients and trunk extensors and flexors isokinetic peak torque, 48 patients with southern Blot confirmed facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type 1 were enrolled to perform clinical evaluation (Ricci's Clinical Severity Scoring, Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, timed up-and-go test, six-minute walk test, functional independence measure) and trunk isokinetic assessment. Trunk extensors and flexors isokinetic peak torque at 60°/sec were significantly correlated with number of D4Z4 microsatellite repetitions, sex, weight and age-independent (r = 0.391 [0.121; 0.662], p < 0.006 and r = 0.334 [0.028; 0.641], p < 0.033, respectively). Ricci's Clinical Severity Scoring was significantly correlated to trunk extensors isokinetic peak torque at 60°/sec, sex and weight-independent (r = -0.743 [-0.938; -0.548], p < 0.0001). This study demonstrates moderate correlation between pathologic compression of D4Z4 microsatellite array and trunk extensors isokinetic strength among facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy type I patients.
- Single-centre experience on genotypic and phenotypic features of southern Brazilian patients with McArdle disease. [Journal Article]
- ANActa Neurol Belg 2018 Nov 10
- McArdle disease (MD) is a metabolic myopathy caused by deficiency of the myophosphorylase enzyme. The aim of our study was to analyse a series of MD patients in Brazil and the correlation between cli...
McArdle disease (MD) is a metabolic myopathy caused by deficiency of the myophosphorylase enzyme. The aim of our study was to analyse a series of MD patients in Brazil and the correlation between clinical findings, laboratory data, electromyography, muscle biopsy and genetic features. The PYGM gene was analysed by PCR/RLFP and Sanger sequencing. The sample included 12 patients, aged 18-57 years, from unrelated families. Exercise intolerance was present in all cases. Serum creatine kinase levels at rest were increased in all patients. Forearm ischaemic exercise testing in five patients revealed no increase in venous lactate. Needle electromyography presented 'myopathic pattern' in six patients. Muscle biopsy showed vacuolar myopathy in 10 patients and deficiency of myophosphorylase enzyme in all patients. The genetic analysis showed p.R50X as the most common mutation (allelic frequency: 56.25%), other known mutations (p.Y574X, p.G205S, p.W798R, IVS14 + 1G > A and IVS19-1G > A) and a new mutation (p.Asn168Lysfs*15) were also identified. Several features of the disorder were similar to the vast majority of patients worldwide. The genetic findings of this study revealed a range of mutations that are quite similar to the European cohort. The discovery of one novel mutation increases the genotypic heterogeneity of PYGM gene.
- Cervical hyperextension deformity following sagittal balance correction in a patient with Congenital Limb Girdle Myopathy: Surgical technique and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- WNWorld Neurosurg 2018 Nov 08
- CONCLUSIONS: We suggest posterior cervical release and fusion in case of a radiologically and clinically reducible cervical hyperextension deformity under both motor and sensory spinal evoked potential monitoring. In cases of long-standing rigid non reducible cervical hyperextension, laminectomy and concomitant duroplasty could be considered.
- Role of STIM1/ORAI1-mediated store-operated Ca2+ entry in skeletal muscle physiology and disease. [Review]
- CCCell Calcium 2018 Oct 30; 76:101-115
- Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is a Ca2+ entry mechanism activated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. In skeletal muscle, SOCE is mediated by an interaction between stromal-interacting mole...
Store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) is a Ca2+ entry mechanism activated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. In skeletal muscle, SOCE is mediated by an interaction between stromal-interacting molecule-1 (STIM1), the Ca2+ sensor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and ORAI1, the Ca2+-release-activated-Ca2+ (CRAC) channel located in the transverse tubule membrane. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms and physiological role of SOCE in skeletal muscle, as well as how alterations in STIM1/ORAI1-mediated SOCE contribute to muscle disease. Recent evidence indicates that SOCE plays an important role in both muscle development/growth and fatigue. The importance of SOCE in muscle is further underscored by the discovery that loss- and gain-of-function mutations in STIM1 and ORAI1 result in an eclectic array of disorders with clinical myopathy as central defining component. Despite differences in clinical phenotype, all STIM1/ORAI1 gain-of-function mutations-linked myopathies are characterized by the abnormal accumulation of intracellular membranes, known as tubular aggregates. Finally, dysfunctional STIM1/ORAI1-mediated SOCE also contributes to the pathogenesis of muscular dystrophy, malignant hyperthermia, and sarcopenia. The picture to emerge is that tight regulation of STIM1/ORAI1-dependent Ca2+ signaling is critical for optimal skeletal muscle development/function such that either aberrant increases or decreases in SOCE activity result in muscle dysfunction.
- Needle Electromyography and Histopathologic Correlation in Myopathies. [Journal Article]
- MNMuscle Nerve 2018 Nov 10
- CONCLUSIONS: Fibrillation potentials and short duration MUP predict pathologic changes of muscle fiber necrosis, splitting, and/or vacuolar changes (as seen with inflammatory myopathies and muscular dystrophies). Absence of fibrillation potentials suggests other myopathologic changes (e.g. congenital myopathy). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Neurologic phenotypes associated with COL4A1/2 mutations: Expanding the spectrum of disease. [Journal Article]
- NeurNeurology 2018 Nov 09
- CONCLUSIONS: COL4A1/COL4A2 mutations typically cause a severe neurologic condition and a broader spectrum of milder phenotypes, in which epilepsy is the predominant feature. Early identification of patients carrying COL4A1/COL4A2 mutations may have important clinical consequences, while for research efforts, omission from large-scale epilepsy sequencing studies of individuals with abnormalities on brain MRI may generate misleading estimates of the genetic contribution to the epilepsies overall.
- A Nationwide Survey on Danon Disease in Japan. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Mol Sci 2018 Nov 08; 19(11)
- Danon disease, an X-linked dominant cardioskeletal myopathy, is caused by primary deficiency of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2). To clarify the clinicopathological features and manage...
Danon disease, an X-linked dominant cardioskeletal myopathy, is caused by primary deficiency of lysosome-associated membrane protein-2 (LAMP-2). To clarify the clinicopathological features and management, we performed the first nationwide, questionnaire-based survey on Danon disease in Japan. A total of 39 patients (17 males, 22 females) from 20 families were identified in the analysis. All patients had cardiomyopathy. Of the 21 patients who died, 20 (95%) died of cardiac failure or sudden cardiac arrest. Most patients had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Wolf⁻Parkinson⁻White syndrome was present at a comparatively high incidence (54% in males, 22% in females). Only one female patient received a heart transplant, which is the most effective therapy. Histopathologically, all male patients showed autophagic vacuoles with sarcolemmal features in muscle. Half of the probands showed de novo mutations. Male patients showed completely absent LAMP-2 expression in muscle. In contrast, female patients showed decreased LAMP-2 expression, which is suggested to reflect LAMP-2 haploinsufficiency due to a heterozygous null mutation. In conclusion, Danon disease is an extremely rare muscular disorder in Japan. Cardiomyopathy is the most significant prognostic factor and the main cause of death. Our findings suggest that the present survey can extend our understanding of the clinical features of this rare disease.
- [Minimally invasive dorsal decompression-stabilization surgery in patients with overweight and obesity]. [Journal Article]
- ZVZh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko 2018; 82(5):69-80
- CONCLUSIONS: The original technique of minimally invasive rigid stabilization is safe and highly effective in surgical treatment of degenerative lumbar spine diseases in patients with overweight and obesity. MIS-TLIF has a number of significant advantages over O-TLIF in the dynamics of clinical parameters and a low number of perioperative complications, which is confirmed by smaller injury to paravertebral tissues and a better performance status in the long-term postoperative period.
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- Hypothyroidism induced by phenytoin and gabapentin: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(43):e12938
- CONCLUSIONS: In this case, the patient's hypothyroidism was assumed to result from different mechanisms of the 2 AEDs leading to thyroid hormone reduction. AEDs can not only cause asymptomatic thyroid hormone abnormalities but also clinically observable hypothyroidism. Therefore, clinicians should be aware of the association between anticonvulsants and symptomatic hypothyroidism.