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(Nomina Anatomica)
111 results
  • New Terminologia Anatomica: Cranium and extracranial bones of head. [Journal Article]
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019Chmielewski PP
  • In 2019, the updated and extended version of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) was published by the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT). This new edition uses more precise and adequate anatomical names compared to its predecessors. Nevertheless, numerous terms have been modified, which poses a challenge to those who prefer traditional anatomical names, i.e. medical stu…
  • Terminologia Anatomica and its practical usage: pitfalls and how to avoid them. [Journal Article]
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019Chmielewski PP, Domagała ZA
  • In 2016, the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) tentatively approved the updated and extended version of anatomical terminology that replaced the previous version of Terminologia Anatomica (1998). This modern version has already appeared in new editions of leading anatomical atlases and textbooks, including Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy, even though it was ori…
  • New Terminologia Anatomica highlights the importance of clinical anatomy. [Journal Article]
    Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2019Chmielewski PP
  • Although not all authors agree that Terminologia Anatomica merits special attention, any type of scientific terminology should be clear, exact, logical, coherent and worldwide accepted. A precise definition of every anatomical term is also crucial. New changes have recently been approved by Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT) as the previous version of terminology…
  • Anatomic characterization of pulmonary accessory fissures in canine cadavers. [Journal Article]
    Anat Histol Embryol 2019; 48(2):157-163Mendoza P, Giglio RF, … Berry CR
  • Accessory fissures in the lungs are well described in humans, considered a normal finding, being identified in 60% of autopsied lungs, and more prevalent in the right lung (Gesase, ; Nene, Gajendra, & Sarma, 2011). In dogs, interlobar fissures are well recognized, but there is the lack of anatomic characterization for accessory fissures in the accessible literature. The purpose of this descriptiv…
  • Ligaments of the Face: Past, Present, and Future. [Journal Article]
    J Craniofac Surg 2018; 29(3):800-803Hwang K, Choi J
  • The aim of this study is to search for the origin of the term "ligament' in the face, present its status, and suggest a principle to rectify the use of unclear terminology.The structure that connects the zygoma to the skin was first presented by McGregor (1959). Kaye (1981), in describing his "extended facelift," wrote that the adherent area of the cheek over the malar eminence (McGregor's patch)…
  • The Science and Politics of Naming: Reforming Anatomical Nomenclature, ca. 1886-1955. [Historical Article]
    J Hist Med Allied Sci 2017; 72(2):193-218Buklijas T
  • Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and…
  • The naming game: A discrepancy among the medical community. [Review]
    Clin Anat 2016; 29(3):285-9Loukas M, Aly I, … Anderson RH
  • As anatomists we rely on the nomenclature of structures in order to describe them appropriately, particularly their orientation in respect to their surrounding. The terminology used by the anatomist to describe an organ, muscle, or nerve within the body is taught to medical students as law. Students learn to describe structures in the "anatomical position", which has been accepted in the literatu…
  • On the adjective lymphaticus. [Journal Article]
    Lymphology 2015; 48(1):1-5Simon F, Danko J
  • The Latin word lympha is derived from the adjective limpidus = clear, transparent, although some Roman grammarians tried another derivation from the Greek word for water sprite nymfé, and then the adjective lymphaticus meant in Latin "stricken with nymph-like anger, gripped by madness." Thomas Bartholin, discoverer of the lymphatic system, was the first to use the word lymphaticus for new veins, …
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