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(Nutritional Requirements throughout the Life Cycle)
28 results
  • Parasite Sensing of Host Nutrients and Environmental Cues. [Review]
    Cell Host Microbe 2018; 23(6):749-758Zuzarte-Luís V, Mota MM
  • Parasites undergo complex life cycles that comprise a wide variety of cellular differentiation events in different host compartments and transmission across multiple hosts. As parasites depend on host resources, it is not surprising they have developed efficient mechanisms to sense alterations and adapt to the available resources in a wide range of environments. Here we provide an overview of the…
  • Vegetarian diets across the lifecycle: impact on zinc intake and status. [Review]
    Adv Food Nutr Res 2015; 74:93-131Foster M, Samman S
  • Optimal zinc status is an important consideration when evaluating the nutritional adequacy of vegetarian diets. In the absence of animal tissue sources of zinc and with increased intake of inhibitors of zinc absorption, phytic acid in particular, the bioavailability of zinc is thought to be lower from vegetarian as compared to omnivorous diets. The aim of this chapter is to review the research th…
  • Fatty-acid preference changes during development in Drosophila melanogaster. [Journal Article]
    PLoS One 2011; 6(10):e26899Fougeron AS, Farine JP, … Ferveur JF
  • Fatty-acids (FAs) are required in the diet of many animals throughout their life. However, the mechanisms involved in the perception of and preferences for dietary saturated and unsaturated FAs (SFAs and UFAs, respectively) remain poorly explored, especially in insects. Using the model species Drosophila melanogaster, we measured the responses of wild-type larvae and adults to pure SFAs (14, 16, …
  • Endogenous modification of macronutrient selection pattern in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax, L.). [Journal Article]
    Physiol Behav 2008; 95(1-2):32-5Rubio VC, Sánchez-Vázquez FJ, … Madrid JA
  • The use of a single diet with a well defined composition to feed fish throughout their life cycle is an oversimplification that probably does not respond to their metabolic requirements. For example, the seasonal reproduction that characterizes most fish species demands changes in nutritional requirements. Bearing this in mind, the macronutrient selection pattern was studied from January to Augus…
  • Importance of calcium, vitamin D and vitamin K for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. [Review]
    Proc Nutr Soc 2008; 67(2):163-76Lanham-New SA
  • Throughout the life cycle the skeleton requires optimum development and maintenance of its integrity to prevent fracture. Bones break because the loads placed on them exceed the ability of the bone to absorb the energy involved. It is now estimated that one in three women and one in twelve men aged >55 years will suffer from osteoporosis in their lifetime and at a cost in the UK of > 1.7 pounds x…
  • Human nutrition and genetic variation. [Review]
    Food Nutr Bull 2007; 28(1 Suppl International):S101-15Stover PJ
  • Human genetic variation is a determinant of nutrient efficacy and of tolerances and intolerances and has the potential to influence nutrient intake values (NIVs). Knowledge derived from the comprehensive identification of human genetic variation offers the potential to predict the physiological and pathological consequences of individual genetic differences and prevent and/or manage adverse outco…
  • Subcutaneous fat in normal and diseased states 3. Adipogenesis: from stem cell to fat cell. [Review]
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2007; 56(3):472-92Avram MM, Avram AS, James WD
  • The quest for effective strategies to treat obesity has propelled fat research into an exploration of the molecular processes that drive adipocyte formation, and hence body fat mass. The development of obesity is dependent on the coordinated interplay of adipocyte hypertrophy (increased fat cell size), adipocyte hyperplasia (increased fat cell number), and angiogenesis. Evidence suggests that adi…
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