- Chilaiditi's Syndrome Causing High-Grade Small-Bowel Obstruction Requiring Exploratory Laparotomy. [Journal Article]
- MMMil Med 2018 Feb 05
- Chilaiditi's sign is a radiological finding that occurs when the small or large intestine is positioned superior to the liver in the sub-diaphragmatic space. This is typically an asymptomatic radiolo...
Chilaiditi's sign is a radiological finding that occurs when the small or large intestine is positioned superior to the liver in the sub-diaphragmatic space. This is typically an asymptomatic radiological sign, but when symptoms occur, e.g., abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, it is termed Chilaiditi's syndrome. Currently, majority of the cases of Chilaiditi's syndrome, described in the literature, requiring operative intervention are due to large bowel obstruction or colonic volvulus. The following is a single case report of a patient presenting to Keesler Medical Center in Biloxi, Mississippi. This report details a 57-yr-old female who has found to have Chilaiditi's syndrome causing a high-grade small-bowel obstruction. She failed non-operative intervention and required exploratory laparotomy, lysis of adhesions, and manual reduction of small bowel from the sub-diaphragmatic space. The rate of failure of non-operative management of Chilaiditi's syndrome has not been established. Our patient had a surgical history of laparotomy and was found to have adhesions superior to her liver. Patients with prior abdominal surgery may require a lower threshold for operative management for Chilaiditi's syndrome due to the possibility of concomitant adhesive disease particularly if the prior procedure involved the upper abdomen.
- [A Case of Urothelial Carcinoma Who Underwent Pancreaticoduodenectomy and Was Diagnosed with Groove Pancreatitis and Preoperatively Suffered from Duodenal Stenosis]. [Journal Article]
- GTGan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017; 44(12):2003-2005
- We report a case of a highly advanced urothelial carcinoma accompanied by duodenal stenosis with pancreaticoduodenectomy. A6 6-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain and vomiting. Acute pan...
We report a case of a highly advanced urothelial carcinoma accompanied by duodenal stenosis with pancreaticoduodenectomy. A6 6-year-old man presented with upper abdominal pain and vomiting. Acute pancreatitis and hydronephrosis were diagnosed with urgent hospitalization, but jaundice appeared, and stenosis of the duodenum was also found. Thus, we suspected groove pancreatitis or pancreatic cancer, and performed pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was observed in the retroperitoneal dissection surface in the intraoperative rapid tissue and right hemicolectomy, right nephrectomy, and right ureteral resection were added to the diagnosis. The final diagnosis was urothelial carcinoma. GEM plus CBDCAtherapy was administered as adjuvant chemotherapy. However, obstructive jaundice, acute cholangitis, and acute pancreatitis developed due to occlusion of the intestine due to local recurrence 4 months after surgery. We attempted to reduce yellowing by PTCD; perforation of the small intestine also occurred and a drainage tube was placed in the abdominal cavity. Although a lull condition was obtained, intestinal obstruction due to cancer peritonitis worsened and the patient died 8 months after the operation. In this case, there was no hematuria before surgery and cytology results of urine were negative, so a diagnosis of urinary tract cancer was difficult. There was no report of duodenal stenosis due to urothelial carcinoma.
- [Two Cases of Non-Occlusive Mesenteric Ischemia That Developed after Chemotherapy]. [Journal Article]
- GTGan To Kagaku Ryoho 2017; 44(12):1396-1398
- Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia(NOMI)causes intestinal necrosis due to irreversible ischemia of the intestinal tract despite the absence of organic obstruction in the mesenteric blood vessels. The ...
Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia(NOMI)causes intestinal necrosis due to irreversible ischemia of the intestinal tract despite the absence of organic obstruction in the mesenteric blood vessels. The disease has extremely poor prognosis. We encountered 2 cases of NOMI hypothesized to have developed after chemotherapy; thus, we report these cases considering the available literature. Case 1: A7 9-year-old man. The patient complained of abdominal pain during the first week after introducing docetaxel for local recurrence of prostate cancer. Abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed mesenteric ischemia and intestinal emphysema. The patient was diagnosed with NOMI, and an emergency operation was performed. Upon laparotomy, the small intestine; ascending, transverse, and descending colon; recto sigmoid; and gall bladder appeared mottled necrotic. As such, all these were excised. He was admitted back to the hospital 3 weeks after surgery due to pneumonia. Case 2: A7 4-year-old man. Combination chemotherapy of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-FU was given for oropharyngeal cancer. After 1 week, fever and abdominal pain were noted. Abdominal contrast CT examination was performed, and mesenteric ischemia was confirmed as NOMI. Emergency surgery was performed on the same day. The entire ileum was discolored with mottling, and it was determined to be necrotic. Thus, it was excised. Postoperative course is good, and the patient was followed up after discharge from the hospital. Before NOMI onset in both cases, docetaxel was used to treat myelosuppression. Considering the patient conditions, the association between NOMI onset and docetaxel was suspected. In general, mesenteric ischemia after administration of anticancer drugs is rare, and only a few cases have been reported.
- Left Paraduodenal Hernia: A Rare Complication following Laparoscopic Appendectomy. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Surg 2017; 2017:3913784
- Paraduodenal hernias are rare congenital internal hernias accounting for <2% of intestinal obstruction. Left paraduodenal hernias (LPDHs) into the fossa of Landzert are the more common type and resul...
Paraduodenal hernias are rare congenital internal hernias accounting for <2% of intestinal obstruction. Left paraduodenal hernias (LPDHs) into the fossa of Landzert are the more common type and result from abnormal rotation of the midgut and failure of peritoneal fusion. Sequelae of these hernias usually occur spontaneously in the 4th or 5th decade of life and are more common in males and have a significant risk of incarceration and subsequent strangulation. We describe a case of a 15-year-old female who develops a LPDH following laparoscopic appendectomy, resulting in jejunal incarceration and subsequent small intestinal obstruction. The patient discussed is from an atypical demographic, being young and female. In addition, the precipitating event prompting incarceration of the hernia appears to be the application of pneumoperitoneum, placement in the Trendelenburg position, and manipulation of small intestine for the purpose of facilitating laparoscopic appendectomy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of LPDH exacerbated by laparoscopic procedure.
- Ileal GIST presenting with bacteremia and liver abscess: A case report and review of literature. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018; 42:261-265
- CONCLUSIONS: Findings of a liver lesion in association with a small intestine GIST should raise concern for both metastatic disease and a possible infectious complication such as a pyogenic liver abscess. If a member of the Streptococcus milleri group is isolated in blood cultures, a consideration for gastrointestinal malignancy is imperative. This case report reviews a rare presentation of an ileal GIST with tumor-intestinal fistula, complicated by liver abscess and Streptococcus anginosus bacteremia.
- Primary Jejunal Adenocarcinoma Presenting as Bilateral Ovarian Metastasis. [Journal Article]
- GRGastroenterology Res 2017; 10(6):366-368
- Small intestinal tumors are rare with adenocarcinoma of the small intestine accounting for less than 2% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Primary jejunal adenocarcinoma constitutes a minute portion of...
Small intestinal tumors are rare with adenocarcinoma of the small intestine accounting for less than 2% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Primary jejunal adenocarcinoma constitutes a minute portion of small intestine adenocarcinomas. Clinically, this cancer presents at latter stages of its progression, mainly due to vague and non-specific symptoms, and the difficulty encountered in accessing the jejunum on upper endoscopy. Diagnosis of jejunal adenocarcinoma is usually inconclusive with the use of computed tomography (CT) scan, small bowel series, or upper endoscopy. Laparoscopy followed by frozen section biopsy provides a definitive diagnosis. In the past decade, balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) and capsule endoscopy have become popular as useful modalities for diagnosing small bowel diseases. Wide excisional jejunectomy is the only treatment option with an estimated 5-year survival of 40-65%. Physicians are advised to suspect jejunal adenocarcinoma as a differential diagnosis in patients who present with non-specific symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, anemia, gastrointestinal bleeding or signs of small bowel obstruction. We present a rare case of a 37-year-old woman with suspected bilateral ovarian masses, which was immunohistochemically confirmed as primary jejunal adenocarcinoma with bilateral ovarian metastasis.
- A Rare Case of Fatal Bowel Obstruction Secondary to a Colonic Bezoar. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Forensic Med Pathol 2018; 39(1):38-40
- A bezoar is a mass of undigested, or partially digested, material forming in the lumen of the gastroenteric tract, causing occlusive or subocclusive events. The most frequent types of bezoars are tho...
A bezoar is a mass of undigested, or partially digested, material forming in the lumen of the gastroenteric tract, causing occlusive or subocclusive events. The most frequent types of bezoars are those composed of vegetable fibers, also called phytobezoars, which, by virtue of their high content in cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, remain undigested in the stomach and intestines and, from there, can migrate and occlude the narrowest portions of the bowel. The areas that are most frequently affected by occlusive phenomena related to the presence of bezoars are the stomach and the small intestine, although colic localizations are extremely rare. In this article, we have studied the case of a fatal colic obstruction caused by a phytobezoar in an 84-year-old woman who was found dead at her home. The autopsy revealed that the cause of the obstruction was a large artichoke fragment occluding the central part of the descending colon. Additional histological examinations confirmed that the death was attributable to bowel obstruction resulting in acute peritonitis.
- Strangulation of the small intestine caused by an intra-mesosigmoid hernia: a case report. [Journal Article]
- SCSurg Case Rep 2017 Dec 21; 3(1):129
- Sigmoid mesocolon hernia is an uncommon type of internal hernia with only a few cases reported to date. This disease entity can progress rapidly to cause vascular disturbance, necrosis, and perforati...
Sigmoid mesocolon hernia is an uncommon type of internal hernia with only a few cases reported to date. This disease entity can progress rapidly to cause vascular disturbance, necrosis, and perforation of the bowel wall; therefore, early diagnosis and surgical treatment are essential. We describe the case of an intra-mesosigmoid hernia in a 60-year-old man without history of previous abdominal surgery who presented with sudden acute abdominal pain and vomiting. Based on computed tomography, which showed ascites and small bowel obstruction, we diagnosed him as having strangulation of the small intestine caused by a sigmoid mesocolic hernia and performed emergency surgery. Laparotomy revealed small intestinal strangulation, extensive engorgement, and discoloration of bowel loops. Approximately 100 cm of the small intestine extending from the ligament of Treitz had undergone strangulation and herniated into the defect of sigmoid mesocolon, leading to a diagnosis of an intra-mesosigmoid hernia. Because the incarcerated portion of the small intestine was viable, we did not perform intestinal resection and reconstruction but closed the defect in the sigmoid mesocolon. His postoperative course was uneventful.
- [Abdominal cocoon syndrome in an eigth-year-old girl caused acute bowel obstruction]. [Journal Article]
- ULUgeskr Laeger 2017 Dec 11; 179(50)
- This case report describes an eight-year-old girl who was admitted under the suspicion of gastroenteritis. The physical examination revealed symptoms of acute bowel obstruction, which was confirmed b...
This case report describes an eight-year-old girl who was admitted under the suspicion of gastroenteritis. The physical examination revealed symptoms of acute bowel obstruction, which was confirmed by abdominal CT scan. Explorative laparotomy showed a fibrotic membrane encapsulating the small intestine causing obstruction and ischaemia, and the perioperative diagnosis was abdominal cocoon syndrome. Two metres of the small intestine, excessive peritoneal membrane and the appendix was resected and an ileostomy was performed. The patient recovered with antibiotics, fluid therapy and parenteral nutrition.
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- A Diagnostic Surprise For A Right Iliac Fossa Mass - A Perforated Ileal Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Diagn Res 2017; 11(9):PD03-PD04
- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs) are tumours of the gut found mostly in stomach and small intestine. The complications are Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, obstruction, pain and rarely perfora...
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs) are tumours of the gut found mostly in stomach and small intestine. The complications are Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, obstruction, pain and rarely perforation. We are reporting an abnormal presentation of GIST masquerading as an acute abdomen with Right Iliac Fossa (RIF) mass in 60-year-old lady. Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) of abdomen revealed a peripherally enhancing encapsulated abscess in RIF in close contact with base of caecum and adjacent peritonitis suggesting caecal perforation. On laparotomy, a gangrenous perforated ileal GIST was identified along the antimesenteric border of ileum. Pathological examination confirmed the tumour to be a GIST of spindle cell type, further reiterated by immunohistochemistry. Our case report emphasizes, GIST as a rare and unusual differential diagnosis of RIF mass, and to have high degree of clinical suspicion when a similar situation is encountered in an emergency scenario, keeping in mind the poor outcome due to delay in appropriate management of the disease.