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(Occam's razor)
234 results
  • Reclaiming the Stroop Effect Back From Control to Input-Driven Attention and Perception. [Journal Article]
    Front Psychol 2019; 10:1683Algom D, Chajut E
  • According to a growing consensus, the Stroop effect is understood as a phenomenon of conflict and cognitive control. A tidal wave of recent research alleges that incongruent Stroop stimuli generate conflict, which is then managed and resolved by top-down cognitive control. We argue otherwise: control studies fail to account for major Stroop results obtained over a century-long history of research…
  • Occam's razor versus Hickam's dictum: two very rare tumours in one single patient. [Case Reports]
    Oxf Med Case Reports 2019; 2019(5):omz029Freixa M, Simões AF, … da Silva GN
  • Occam's razor, the principle that a single explanation is the most likely in medicine, assumes that when a patient has multiple symptoms the clinician seeks a single diagnosis rather than diagnosing multiple and different ones. However, as proposed by Hickam's dictum, sometimes rare different diseases occurred in only one patient. We present a patient with a simultaneous diagnosis of two rare tum…
  • Alpha-Synuclein Pathology and the Role of the Microbiota in Parkinson's Disease. [Review]
    Front Neurosci 2019; 13:369Fitzgerald E, Murphy S, Martinson HA
  • There is a principle in science, known as Occam's razor, that says the correct solution is usually the one with the simplest explanation. The microbiota-gut-brain axis, an interdependent series of communication loops between the enteric nervous system (ENS), the microbiota, the gut, and the brain, offers important insight into how changes in our gut affect distant organs like our brains. The inhe…
  • A Third Strike Against Perfect Phylogeny. [Journal Article]
    Syst Biol 2019; 68(5):814-827Iersel LV, Jones M, Kelk S
  • Perfect phylogenies are fundamental in the study of evolutionary trees because they capture the situation when each evolutionary trait emerges only once in history; if such events are believed to be rare, then by Occam's Razor such parsimonious trees are preferable as a hypothesis of evolution. A classical result states that 2-state characters permit a perfect phylogeny precisely if each subset o…
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