Download the Free Prime PubMed App to your smartphone or tablet.

Available for iPhone or iPad:

Unbound PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPadAlso Available:
Unbound PubMed app for Android

Available for Mac and Windows Desktops and laptops:

Unbound PubMed app for WindowsUnbound PubMed app for MAC OS Yosemite Macbook Air pro
(Opioid withdrawal)
9,139 results
  • A Novel Rat Model of Extremity Trauma for Pre-hospital Pain Management Research. [Journal Article]
  • JTJ Trauma Acute Care Surg 2018 Feb 14
  • Xiang L, Klemcke HG, … Hinojosa-Laborde C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our ET model includes long bone fracture and soft tissue injury, but no fixation surgery, mimicking pre-hospital extremity trauma. Our model produces acute, steady, and reproducible trauma-related pain behaviors, and is clinically relevant regarding the pain behaviors and established responses to common analgesics. This model of acute pain due to ET is ideal for pre-hospital pain management research.
New Search Next