- Haematophagous mites on poultry farms in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. [Journal Article]
- HHeliyon 2019; 5(4):e01544
- Haematophagous ectoparasites of poultry, such as Ornithonyssus sylviarum, northern fowl mites (NFMs), Dermanyssus gallinae, poultry red mites (PRMs), and Ornithonyssus bursa, tropical fowl mites (TFM…
Haematophagous ectoparasites of poultry, such as Ornithonyssus sylviarum, northern fowl mites (NFMs), Dermanyssus gallinae, poultry red mites (PRMs), and Ornithonyssus bursa, tropical fowl mites (TFMs) are prevalent worldwide. Although poultry farming is a major industry in Southeast Asia, there are only a few reports concerning the prevalence of avian mites in this region. In this study, we sampled twenty farms in four major poultry farming areas in Myanmar. We detected the mites on six farms, and they showed morphological similarities to NFMs and TFMs. The nucleotide sequences of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I indicated that some mites were NFMs. This is the first report confirming the presence of NFMs and TFMs among the hematophagous mites infesting chickens on Myanmar poultry farms.
- Dermatitis in humans caused by Ornithonyssus bursa (Berlese 1888) (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) and new records from Brazil. [Journal Article]
- RBRev Bras Parasitol Vet 2019 Jan-Mar; 28(1):134-139
- Ornithonyssus bursa, known as the "tropical fowl mite", is a hematophagous mite of domestic and wild birds, occasionally biting humans. Infestation on humans occurs mainly when the abandoned nests ar…
Ornithonyssus bursa, known as the "tropical fowl mite", is a hematophagous mite of domestic and wild birds, occasionally biting humans. Infestation on humans occurs mainly when the abandoned nests are close to homes, or by manipulation of infested birds by humans. In Brazil, this species occurs in the south and southeast of the country. In the present study we are reporting bites on humans, new localities records, host associations, and molecular information of O. bursa.
- Ectoparasite sharing among native and invasive birds in a metropolitan area. [Journal Article]
- PRParasitol Res 2019; 118(2):399-409
- Parasite-mediated competition has been reported to be one of the most harmful, although overlooked, impacts that alien species have on native ecosystems. Monk parakeets Myiopsitta monachus are succes…
Parasite-mediated competition has been reported to be one of the most harmful, although overlooked, impacts that alien species have on native ecosystems. Monk parakeets Myiopsitta monachus are successful invaders in Europe, where they have been introduced from South America. Colonial nests of these parrots may also host other species, e.g. the rock pigeon Columba livia forma domestica. In this work, we analysed the ectoparasite composition of monk parakeets in Barcelona (Spain) and we evaluated their potential role as parasite-mediated competitors, by comparing their parasitic load with that of coexisting rock pigeons. Only two arthropod species were observed on monk parakeets, whereas four species were detected on pigeons. Parakeets were rarely infested by pigeon parasites (prevalence = 0.66%), whereas parakeet mites were recorded more often on pigeons (prevalence = 10.00%). The number of total parasites per bird increased with increasing densities of monk parakeets, both for pigeons and for parakeets. Therefore, overcrowding of birds due to the increasing population of monk parakeets in Barcelona may affect the health status of native pigeons, suggesting a potential role for parasite mediated competition by introduced parakeets. Furthermore, spill-over of alien mites (Ornithonyssus bursa) by monk parakeets to rock pigeons should be monitoring as it may affect human health.
- Prevalence and zoonotic risk of tropical rat mite (Ornithonyssus bacoti) in exotic companion mammals in southern Italy. [Journal Article]
- VDVet Dermatol 2018; 29(6):522-e174
- CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present survey indicate that exotic pet mammals may serve as an active reservoir for O. bacoti infestation. The results of this study also suggest a lack of species specificity for O. bacoti when favourable conditions are present (overcrowding).
- Microclimate and host body condition influence mite population growth in a wild bird-ectoparasite system. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2018; 7(3):301-308
- Parasite populations are never evenly distributed among the hosts they infect. Avian nest ectoparasites, such as mites, are no exception, as their distribution across the landscape is highly aggregat…
Parasite populations are never evenly distributed among the hosts they infect. Avian nest ectoparasites, such as mites, are no exception, as their distribution across the landscape is highly aggregated. It remains unclear if this pattern is driven by differences in transmission events alone, or if the environment that parasites inhabit after transmission also plays a role. Here, we experimentally examined the influence of the post-transmission microclimate, nest characteristics, and host condition on ectoparasite population growth in a bird-ectoparasite system. We infested barn swallow (Hirundo rustica erythrogaster) nests with a standardized number of Northern Fowl Mites (Ornithonyssus sylvarium) and analyzed both biotic (nestling mass, wing length, number of other arthropods present in the nest, and brood size) and abiotic (temperature, humidity, nest lining, nest dimensions, and substrate upon which the nest was built) predictors of mite population growth. Our results suggest that mite populations were most successful, in terms of growth, in nests with higher temperatures, lower humidity, few other arthropods, and hosts in good condition. We also found that nests built on wooden substrates support larger populations of mites than those constructed on metal or concrete. These findings lend insight into the factors that drive large-scale patterns of ectoparasite distributions.
- The tropical fowl mite, Ornithonyssus bursa (Acari: Macronyssidae): environmental and host factors associated with its occurrence in Argentine passerine communities. [Journal Article]
- PRParasitol Res 2018; 117(10):3257-3267
- The tropical fowl mite, Ornithonyssus bursa, is a common avian parasite found on diverse bird species worldwide. In the Neotropical region, O. bursa is present in wild birds, but it may also infect p…
The tropical fowl mite, Ornithonyssus bursa, is a common avian parasite found on diverse bird species worldwide. In the Neotropical region, O. bursa is present in wild birds, but it may also infect poultry and bite humans. Little is known about the ecology and epidemiology of this parasite. We conducted a thorough longitudinal study in passerine assemblages from central Argentina, gathering data from six reproductive seasons, with the aim of identifying factors that have a role in driving the occurrence and distribution of O. bursa in its natural hosts. We focused on the brood and microhabitat levels, accounting for potential confounders of higher levels. The results hereby presented contribute to our knowledge on the eco-epidemiology of O. bursa in natural hosts of the Neotropical region. Among the many variables assessed, nest material and host species appeared to be the most important correlates of O. bursa prevalence. Nonetheless, supplementary analyses showed that host species is a stronger predictor than nest material. Moreover, mite burden (parasite intensity) was found to depend on host species, but not on nest material. The association with species depended on nestling age, suggesting that resistance builds up as the nestling develop, but at a different pace depending on the bird species. Brood size was inversely correlated with intensity of parasitism, suggesting a dilution of the parasite burden on each nestling.
- Dermatitis durch mesostigmatische Milben (Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus [O.] bacoti, O. bursa, O. sylviarum) in Wohngebieten. [Letter]
- JDJ Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2018; 16(7):904-906
- Dermatitis due to Mesostigmatic mites (Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus [O.] bacoti, O. bursa, O. sylviarum) in residential settings. [Letter]
- JDJ Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2018; 16(7):904-906
- ERADICATION OF A TROPICAL RAT MITE (ORNITHONYSSUS BACOTI) INFESTATION FROM A CAPTIVE COLONY OF ENDANGERED AMARGOSA VOLES (MICROTUS CALIFORNICUS SCIRPENSIS). [Journal Article]
- JZJ Zoo Wildl Med 2018; 49(2):475-479
- Staff at a university laboratory responsible for management of a captive insurance colony of endangered Amargosa voles (Microtus californicus scirpensis) discovered an outbreak of tropical rat mites …
Staff at a university laboratory responsible for management of a captive insurance colony of endangered Amargosa voles (Microtus californicus scirpensis) discovered an outbreak of tropical rat mites (Ornithonyssus bacoti) infesting 106 voles. This bloodsucking mesostigmatid mite typically occurs in laboratory settings and can cause weight loss, wounds, or other negative impacts on health. The source of the infestation was likely feral rodents, and the route was suspected to be straw bedding. Twenty-nine of the 106 (27.4%) infested voles developed ulcerated dorsal skin lesions that resolved when treated with topical selamectin. A triad approach was implemented to eradicate the mites, consisting of environmental management, individual animal treatment, and training. Voles were moved individually into a clean room containing only autoclaved materials (including straw), cages were treated with permethrin-impregnated cotton, treatment order was instituted to avoid transferring mites, and voles coming from outside were quarantined. All animals in an infested room were treated with topical selamectin, and personnel were trained on risks and new procedures. No adverse effects from the use of selamectin were identified, and this efficient protocol does not require the long-term use of acaricides. This report documents infestation of an endangered rodent with an exotic parasite, safe use of permethrin and selamectin in this species, and comprehensive management to manage a large infestation.
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- De novo RNA-seq and functional annotation of Ornithonyssus bacoti. [Journal Article]
- EAExp Appl Acarol 2018; 75(2):191-208
- Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst) (Acari: Macronyssidae) is a vector and reservoir of pathogens causing serious infectious diseases, such as epidemic hemorrhagic fever, endemic typhus, tularemia, and lept…
Ornithonyssus bacoti (Hirst) (Acari: Macronyssidae) is a vector and reservoir of pathogens causing serious infectious diseases, such as epidemic hemorrhagic fever, endemic typhus, tularemia, and leptospirosis. Its genome and transcriptome data are lacking in public databases. In this study, total RNA was extracted from live O. bacoti to conduct RNA-seq, functional annotation, coding domain sequence (CDS) prediction and simple sequence repeats (SSRs) detection. The results showed that 65.8 million clean reads were generated and assembled into 72,185 unigenes, of which 49.4% were annotated by seven functional databases. 23,121 unigenes were annotated and assigned to 457 species by non-redundant protein sequence database. The BLAST top-two hit species were Metaseiulus occidentalis and Ixodes scapularis. The procedure detected 12,426 SSRs, of which tri- and di-nucleotides were the most abundant types and the representative motifs were AAT/ATT and AC/GT. 26,936 CDS were predicted with a mean length of 711 bp. 87 unigenes of 30 functional genes, which are usually involved in stress responses, drug resistance, movement, metabolism and allergy, were further identified by bioinformatics methods. The unigenes putatively encoding cytochrome P450 proteins were further analyzed phylogenetically. In conclusion, this study completed the RNA-seq and functional annotation of O. bacoti successfully, which provides reliable molecular data for its future studies of gene function and molecular markers.