- Discrepancies Between Nomenclature and Indications of Psychotropics. [Journal Article]
- PPharmacopsychiatry 2018 May 23
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results raise concerns regarding generic terminologies of "antipsychotics" and "antidepressants" since the conventional indication-based nomenclature does not fit well with the official indication.
- [New treatment option-apalutamide for nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer]. [Journal Article]
- UUrologe A 2018 May 22
- The association of panic and hyperventilation with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures: A systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]
- SSeizure 2018 May 19; 59:108-115
- CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have reported moderate rates of association of panic in PNES, though the proportions varied considerably across the literature, with physical symptoms more commonly reported than affective. Hyperventilation is an effective inducer of PNES events in a minority, and can be observed occurring in a minority of patients without induction. These results support an important, albeit not essential, role for panic and hyperventilation in the pathogenesis of PNES events.
- Cohort Study of Psychiatric Adverse Events Following Exposure to Levonorgestrel-Containing Intrauterine Devices in UK General Practice. [Journal Article]
- DSDrug Saf 2018 May 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant associations of levonorgestrel exposure with anxiety and sleep problems were observed. Substantive differences in baseline characteristics of the treated groups make robust conclusions difficult but the results strongly suggest that additional studies are warranted.
- Physical Exercise For Parkinson's Disease: Clinical And Experimental Evidence. [Review]
- CPClin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health 2018; 14:89-98
- CONCLUSIONS: Physical exercise contributes effectively to the treatment of PD, and can play a preventive and maintenance role of physical fitness and mental health.
- Print Culture, Moral Panic, and the Administration of the Law: The London Crime Wave of 1744. [Journal Article]
- CHCrime Hist Soc 2012; 16(1):5-24
- In the second half of 1744, a moral panic about street robberies gripped London. The article argues that moral panics of the modern law and order variety are evident as early as the mid-eighteenth ce...
In the second half of 1744, a moral panic about street robberies gripped London. The article argues that moral panics of the modern law and order variety are evident as early as the mid-eighteenth century. As with other historical panics, printed media and public opinion played a key role in driving the panic of 1744. Various genres of crime literature presented street robbery as an especially threatening problem. In the wake of this alarm, crime and justice came in for extensive public discussion in the press, and several changes were made to the administration of the law in the metropolis. The expansion of print culture and new opportunities for voicing public opinion in the eighteenth century provided the essential foundations for the genesis of the modern form of moral panic, a phenomenon which continues to have a significant impact upon criminal justice policy today.
- Comorbidities and Mobility in Lower Limb Prosthesis Users. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Phys Med Rehabil 2018 May 17
- CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider patient age and history of stroke, peripheral vascular disease, or anxiety/panic disorders when optimizing a lower limb prosthesis users' mobility as these variables may be predictive of modest but clinically meaningful decreased prosthetic mobility. By contrast, common comorbid health conditions such as arthritis, COPD, congestive heart failure, and diabetes do not appear predictive of decreased mobility among lower limb prosthesis users.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.
- Fighting obesity: Non-pharmacological interventions. [Journal Article]
- CNClin Nutr ESPEN 2018; 25:50-55
- The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem th...
The abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that impairs health is one of the criteria that fulfills obesity. According to epidemiological data, obesity has become a worldwide public health problem that in turn would trigger additional pathologies such as cardiorespiratory dysfunctions, cancer, gastrointestinal disturbances, depression, sleep disorders, just to mention a few. Then, the search for a therapeutical intervention aimed to prevent and manage obesity has been the focus of study during the last years. As one can assume, the increased prevalence of obesity has translated to search of efficient pharmaceuticals designed to manage this health issue. However, to further complicate the scenario, scientific literature has described that obesity is the result of interaction between multiple events. Therefore, pharmacological approaches have faced a serious challenge for develop the adequate treatment. Here, we argue that a wide range of non-pharmacological/invasive techniques can be used to manage obesity, such as diets, cognitive behavioral interventions, exercise and transcranial direct current stimulation. Combining these techniques may allow improving quality of life of obese patients.
- Anxious distress in depressed outpatients: Prevalence, comorbidity, and incremental validity. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Psychiatr Res 2018 May 08; 103:54-60
- The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence of the DSM-5 anxious distress specifier (AD) among depressed outpatients, to examine associations of AD with comorbid diagnoses, and to test th...
The goals of this study were to estimate the prevalence of the DSM-5 anxious distress specifier (AD) among depressed outpatients, to examine associations of AD with comorbid diagnoses, and to test the incremental validity of AD over comorbidity in predicting functional impairment and severity of anxiety and depression symptoms. The sample was 237 outpatients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) or persistent depressive disorder (PDD), with and without AD, using the Anxiety and Related Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-5. Outpatients also completed self-report questionnaires assessing functional impairment and anxiety, stress, and depression symptom severity. Two-by-two contingency tables were used to examine the associations of AD with comorbidity. Two-thirds (66.2%) of outpatients were assigned AD, with similar rates among those with MDD and PDD. Outpatients with AD were significantly more likely than those without AD to have a comorbid GAD diagnosis (OR = 2.47). Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to test the incremental validity of AD in predicting functional impairment and symptom outcomes beyond comorbid disorders. Controlling for comorbid disorders, AD was significantly associated with more severe functional impairment, autonomic arousal, stress, panic, generalized anxiety, and depression. The strongest incremental association were observed between AD and autonomic arousal (f2 = 0.12-0.18) and generalized anxiety (f2 = 0.17). These findings add to a growing literature that AD is common among outpatients and associated with important clinical outcomes, suggesting that AD should be routinely assessed in patients with mood disorders.
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- Differential electrophysiological correlates of panic disorder in non-pulsatile tinnitus. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Psychosom Res 2018; 109:57-62
- CONCLUSIONS: Adults with non-pulsatile tinnitus and concurrent PD show differential brain activity patterns to tinnitus only sufferers and healthy controls. Higher levels of distress may modulate brain activity in the absence of PD. Screening for distress is recommended in both clinical and research settings.