- Effects of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Neurosensory Deficits on Quality of Life. [Journal Article]
- NJNiger J Clin Pract 2018; 21(2):206-211
- CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the patients with the neurosensory deficit of the IAN have a poorer quality of life than those without neurosensory deficits.
- A pilot feasibility study of treating overactive bladder patients with percutaneous saphenous nerve stimulation. [Journal Article]
- NUNeurourol Urodyn 2018 Feb 21
- CONCLUSIONS: Electrical activation of the SAFN was consistently achieved using anatomical landmarks and patient feedback. The procedure was well tolerated and, based on our small cohort of patients, appears efficacious, and safe. This pilot study provides early feasibility data that points to a promising new intervention for treating OAB.
- Beyond symptomatic relief for chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: Targeting the source. [Review]
- CCancer 2018 Feb 20
- Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a serious adverse side effect of many chemotherapeutic agents, affecting >60% of patients with cancer. Moreover, CIPN persists long into survivors...
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a serious adverse side effect of many chemotherapeutic agents, affecting >60% of patients with cancer. Moreover, CIPN persists long into survivorship in approximately 20% to 30% of these patients. To the authors' knowledge, no drugs have been approved to date by the US Food and Drug Administration to effectively manage chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. The majority of the drugs tested for the management of CIPN aim at symptom relief, including pain and paresthesia, yet are not very efficacious. The authors propose that there is a need to acquire a more thorough understanding of the etiology of CIPN so that effective, mechanism-based, disease-modifying interventions can be developed. It is important to note that such interventions should not interfere with the antitumor effects of chemotherapy. Mitochondria are rod-shaped cellular organelles that represent the powerhouses of the cell, in that they convert oxygen and nutrients into the cellular energy "currency" adenosine triphosphate. In addition, mitochondria regulate cell death. Neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction and the associated nitro-oxidative stress represent crucial final common pathways of CIPN. Herein, the authors discuss the potential to prevent or reverse CIPN by protecting mitochondria and/or inhibiting nitro-oxidative stress with novel potential drugs, including the mitochondrial protectant pifithrin-μ, histone deacetylase 6 inhibitors, metformin, antioxidants, peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts, and anti-inflammatory mediators including interleukin 10. This review hopefully will contribute toward bridging the gap between preclinical research and the development of realistic novel therapeutic strategies to prevent or reverse the devastating neurotoxic effects of chemotherapy on the (peripheral) nervous system. Cancer 2018. © 2018 American Cancer Society.
- Improving mandibular contour: A pilot study for indication of PPLA traction thread use. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 Feb 20; :1-5
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that selected patients, younger than 51 and showing a mild-moderate degree of skin laxity of jawline and neck angle represent ideal candidates for PLLA traction thread treatment. Further studies will be performed to confirm our results.
- Spinal cord infarction following epidural and general anesthesia: a case report. [Journal Article]
- JCJA Clin Rep 2017; 3(1):42
- CONCLUSIONS: Permanent neurological complications of epidural anesthesia are rare. Studies of neurological complications after epidural/spinal anesthesia have noted the possibility of spinal anomalies, such as lumbar stenosis, in relation to neurological complications after epidural/spinal anesthesia. In this case, the onset of spinal cord infarction may have occurred coincidentally with catheter insertion into the site of existing spinal stenosis. Therefore, it is important to evaluate lower extremity symptoms and consider spinal disease before administering epidural anesthesia. Spinal cord infarction may be prevented by preoperatively identifying spinal lesions using computed tomography or MRI in cases of suspected spinal disease.
- Tenosynovial chondromatosis of the wrist presenting with acute carpal tunnel syndrome: A case report. [Journal Article]
- HSHand Surg Rehabil 2018 Feb 13
- We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the wrist that manifested as acute carpal tunnel syndrome. The patient successfully underwent carpal tunnel release, tenosynovectomy and resection of do...
We report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the wrist that manifested as acute carpal tunnel syndrome. The patient successfully underwent carpal tunnel release, tenosynovectomy and resection of dorsal and volar ossified bodies embedded in the tenosynovium overlying the wrist. Final histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis. The patient's symptoms of pain, numbness, and paresthesia in a median nerve distribution resolved completely and the patient resumed full-time work in the service industry 4-weeks postoperatively with no functional limitations. This case highlights the importance of maintaining a broad differential in the approach to wrist pain and the role of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of synovial chondromatosis given its variable degree of ossification.
- Incidence and clinical characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) between 2013 and 2016: a retrospective cases-series. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Feb 15; 8(1):3095
- This retrospective case study analysed the incidence and symptoms of ciguatera fish poisoning (ciguatera) in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) between 2013 and 2016. Cases attending the emergency depar...
This retrospective case study analysed the incidence and symptoms of ciguatera fish poisoning (ciguatera) in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) between 2013 and 2016. Cases attending the emergency departments of the two public hospitals and the reports received by the regional health authority in charge of monitoring (ARS) were compiled. Two hundred and thirty-four cases of poisoning were observed, with a mean annual incidence of 1.47/10,000 (95% CI): 1.29-1.66), i.e 5 times higher than the previously reported incidence (1996-2006). The main species described as being responsible for poisoning were fish from the Carangidae family (n = 47) (jack), followed by fish from the Lutjanidae family (n = 27) (snapper), Serranidae family (n = 15) (grouper), Sphyraenidae family (n = 12) (barracuda), and Mullidae family (n = 12) (goatfish). One case of lionfish ciguatera was observed. 93.9% of patients experienced gastrointestinal symptoms, 76.0% presented neurological signs (mainly paresthesia, dysesthesia and pruritus) and 40.3% presented cardiovascular symptoms (bradycardia and/or hypotension). A high frequency (61.4%) of hypothermia (body temperature <36.5 °C) was observed. This study reports for the first time the relatively high frequency of cardiac symptoms and low body temperature. The monitoring of ciguatera poisoning throughout the Caribbean region must be improved, notably after reef disturbance due to Irma and Maria major cyclones.
- Improvement in Neuropathy Specific Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetes after Vitamin D Supplementation. [Journal Article]
- JDJ Diabetes Res 2017; 2017:7928083
- CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D is effective in improving quality of life in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy.
- Mandibular positioning techniques to improve sleep quality in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: current perspectives. [Review]
- NSNat Sci Sleep 2018; 10:65-72
- The purpose of this article is to review 1) mandibular advancement device (MAD) - indication, treatment success, and side effects; 2) maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery of the jaws - indicat...
The purpose of this article is to review 1) mandibular advancement device (MAD) - indication, treatment success, and side effects; 2) maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery of the jaws - indication, treatment success, and side effects; and 3) current perspectives. Both MAD and MMA are administered to increase the upper airway volume and reduce the collapsibility of the upper airway. MAD is noninvasive and is indicated as a first-stage treatment in adult patients with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and in patients with severe OSA unable to adhere to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). MAD remains inferior to CPAP in reducing the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) with a treatment success ranging between 24% and 72%. However, patient compliance to MAD is greater, and with regard to subjective sleepiness and health outcomes, MAD and CPAP have been found to be similarly effective. Short-term side effects of MAD are minor and often transient. Long-term side effects primarily appear as changes in the dental occlusion related to decreases in overjet and overbite. MMA is efficacious but highly invasive and indicated as a second-stage treatment in patients with moderate-to-severe OSA, with prior failure to other treatment modalities or with craniofacial abnormalities. The surgical success and cure rates are found to be 86.0% and 43.2%, respectively. Side effects may appear as postsurgical complications such as temporary facial paresthesia and compromised facial esthetics. However, most patients report satisfaction with their postsurgical appearance. Both treatment modalities require experienced clinicians and multidisciplinary approaches in order to efficaciously treat OSA patients. Some researchers do propose possible predictors of treatment success, but clear patient selection criteria and clinical predictive values for treatment success are still needed in both treatment modalities.
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- C1-2 and C2-3 Instability in the Presence of Hypoplastic Posterior Elements of C2 Vertebra: Report of 2 Cases. [Journal Article]
- WNWorld Neurosurg 2018; 110:604-608
- CONCLUSIONS: C1-2 and C2-3 fixation resulted in firm fixation of the region and a remarkable clinical recovery. The most significant features were an immediate postoperative improvement in voice quality and the ability to sleep comfortably in the supine position.