- Ventriculoperitoneal shunt treatment in a pregnant renal transplant recipient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- NNNeurol Neurochir Pol 2018 Feb 06
- Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a relatively uncommon disorder characterised by raised intracranial pressure without an established pathogenesis. Diagnosis of IIH requires the demonstra...
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a relatively uncommon disorder characterised by raised intracranial pressure without an established pathogenesis. Diagnosis of IIH requires the demonstration of symptoms and signs referable only to elevated intracranial pressure; cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure >25cm H2O measured in the lateral decubitus position; normal CSF composition; and no evidence for an underlying structural cause demonstrated by using MRI or contrast-enhanced CT scan for typical patients and MRI and MR venography for atypical patients such as man, children and those with low body mass index. We present a 38-year old primigravid renal transplant patient at 7 weeks of gestation who presented with 2 weeks of intense, throbbing, holocranial headache, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, diplopia and progressive visual loss. When medical treatment fails and/or not appropriate to use due to the reported of teratogenic risks in pregnant women, surgical interventions gain importance. In this particular patient, venticuloperitoneal shunt was chosen as the CSF diversion technique. In this case report indications, contraindications in addition to outcomes regarding headache, vision loss and the resolution of papilloedema of the present surgery options for IIH are discussed.
- Uveitis-Glaucoma-Hyphaema Syndrome. General review. [Review]
- RJRom J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan-Mar; 61(1):11-17
- Uveitis-Glaucoma-Hyphaema Syndrome (UGH syndrome, or "Ellingson" Syndrome) is a rare condition caused by the mechanical trauma of an intraocular lens malpositioned over adjacent structures (iris, cil...
Uveitis-Glaucoma-Hyphaema Syndrome (UGH syndrome, or "Ellingson" Syndrome) is a rare condition caused by the mechanical trauma of an intraocular lens malpositioned over adjacent structures (iris, ciliary body, iridocorneal angle), leading to a spectrum of iris transillumination defects, microhyphaemas and pigmentary dispersion, concomitant with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). UGH Syndrome can also be characterized by chronic inflammation, secondary iris neovascularization, cystoid macular edema (CME). The fundamental step in the pathogenesis of UGH syndrome appears to arise from repetitive mechanical iris trauma by a malpositioned or subluxed IOL. These patients have uncomplicated cataract implants and return for episodes of blurry vision weeks to months after surgery. This may be accompanied by pain, photophobia, erythropsia, anterior uveitis, hyphaema along with raised intraocular pressure. A careful history and examination, as well as appropriate investigations can confirm the diagnostic. Treatment options are IOL Explantation exchange, topical and systemic medication, and cyclophotocoagulation, the placement of a Capsular Tension Ring to redistribute zonular tension and Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) Therapy.
- Is this a worrisome red eye? Episcleritis in the primary care setting. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2018; 8(1):46-48
- Episcleritis is the inflammation of the thin, loose, highly vascular connective tissue layer that lies between the conjunctiva and sclera. Incidence is less than 1/1000. It is more common in women an...
Episcleritis is the inflammation of the thin, loose, highly vascular connective tissue layer that lies between the conjunctiva and sclera. Incidence is less than 1/1000. It is more common in women and those between 40 and 50 years of age. Most cases are idiopathic. It is classified into simple and nodular. Most attacks resolve within 1-3 months. The nodular type tends to be more recurrent and painful. It presents with acute onset of redness, lacrimation, and photophobia. The diagnosis of is essentially clinical, and eye pain or tenderness should raise the concern for scleritis. Ophthalmological referral is recommended to rule out scleritis. Bloodwork to diagnose associated systemic rheumatological disease may be helpful. Cold compresses and artificial tears provide symptomatic relief. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and steroids are used for persistent symptoms. Rarely, systemic steroids may be necessary. Immunosuppressive treatment to control an underlying autoimmune disorder is the last resort for resistant cases.
- Comparison of the Lotrafilcon B and Comfilcon A Silicone Hydrogel Bandage Contact Lens on Postoperative Ocular Discomfort After Photorefractive Keratectomy. [Journal Article]
- ECEye Contact Lens 2018 Feb 12
- CONCLUSIONS: Both lotrafilcon B and comfilcon A silicone hydrogel bandage contact lenses reduce clinical symptoms after PRK effectively. We found no difference in pain control and discomfort between them. However, the patients using the lotrafilcon B lens showed less foreign body sensation on the first day postoperatively.
- Testing of diagnosis criteria of tension-type headache: A multicenter clinical study. [Journal Article]
- CCephalalgia 2018 Jan 01; :333102418759784
- Objective Tension-type headache is *These authors contributed equally to this work. usually manifested as head pain without associated symptoms, and the validation of diagnostic criteria presented ar...
Objective Tension-type headache is *These authors contributed equally to this work. usually manifested as head pain without associated symptoms, and the validation of diagnostic criteria presented are lacking and highly required in the International Classification of Headache Disorders. The aim of the present study was to explore the diagnosis criteria of tension-type headache in a multicenter-based sample from Chongqing, China. Methods Clinical characteristics and demographics were systematically and prospectively collected between March 2014 and December 2015 from 15 participating hospitals in Chongqing, using a semi-structured face-to-face interview. All patients were asked to complete a headache diary for at least 4 weeks. Results Out of 1832 patients with headache, 150 patients (97 female/53 male, 44.56 ± 11.9 years old) were diagnosed with tension-type headache based on the standard International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition beta version, and interestingly, 114 (76%) patients were diagnosed with tension-type headache based on the alternative criteria. One patient was excluded because only two of the four characteristics were fulfilled. Thirty-five (23.3%) patients did not meet the alternative criteria because of associated symptoms, including mild nausea (n = 6), photophobia (n = 1), and phonophobia (n = 28). All patients with TTH had mild or moderate headaches, 98.0% of patients suffered from non-pulsating headaches, 99.3% of patients said their headaches were not aggravated by routine physical activity, and 77.3% of patients had bilateral headache. Conclusions Non-pulsating headaches and headaches that are not aggravated by routine physical activity may represent core criteria for screening patients with tension-type headache. Nausea might not be an exclusion feature for diagnosis of TTH, but an important criterion for screening. Further studies are needed.
- The role of Dexamethasone in clinical pharmaceutical treatment for patients with cataract surgery. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 15(2):2177-2181
- The aim of the present study is to determine the efficacy of dexamethasone (DEX) vs. indomethacin (IND) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) in modulating immediate inflammation following cataract surgery. A tota...
The aim of the present study is to determine the efficacy of dexamethasone (DEX) vs. indomethacin (IND) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) in modulating immediate inflammation following cataract surgery. A total of 644 patients with cataract were recruited and inflammation was investigated during the perioperative period. The management protocol was similar in both groups. Each drug was given four times a day for 30 days starting 7 days prior to surgery. The primary efficacy criteria for evaluation were the reduction in anterior chamber (AC) flare and AC inflammation score, in addition, a different secondary efficacy and safety evaluation criteria were maintained. The results demonstrated that the average inflammation score was 1.2±0.8 in the DEX group, which was significantly lower compared with the IND (1.9±0.7) and CIP (1.8±0.6) groups. Intra-ocular pressure was decreased following treatment with DEX, while intra-ocular pressure was slightly increased in the IND (1.9±0.7) and CIP (1.8±0.6) groups. The final visual outcomes for patients postcataract surgery were clinically superior in the DEX group compared with that of the IND and CIP groups (P=0.034 and P=0.042, respectively), but there was no significant difference between the ND and CIP groups (P=0.78). Outcomes indicated that AC inflammation, conjunctival hyperaemia, corneal and lid oedema, ocular infection, pain, photophobia, and tearing were significantly improved in each group. No significant poor local tolerance or adverse reaction was observed in the DEX, IND and CIP groups. In conclusion, the outcomes of the present study suggest that DEX serves an important role in the clinical pharmaceutical treatment of patients with cataract surgery.
- Retinal phenotypic characterization of patients withABCA4retinopathydue to the homozygous p.Ala1773Val mutation. [Journal Article]
- MVMol Vis 2018; 24:105-114
- CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that this particular mutation inABCA4is associated with a severe retinal phenotype and thus, could be classified as null. Careful phenotyping of patients carrying specific mutations inABCA4is essential to enhance our understanding of disease expression linked to particular mutations and the resulting genotype-phenotype correlations.
- Evidence of Diplopia in Children's Headache Drawings Helps to Differentiate Pseudotumor Cerebri From Migraine. [Journal Article]
- PNPediatr Neurol 2018; 79:40-44
- CONCLUSIONS: Diplopia was depicted in a significantly higher percentage of pseudotumor drawings than migraine drawings. In all other respects, headache drawings by children with pseudotumor cerebri were similar to those drawn by children with migraine.
- Alacrima, a rare cause of pediatric dry eye. [Journal Article]
- JAJ AAPOS 2018 Feb 14
- We report the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with a history of 4-5 years of severe bilateral photophobia, with exacerbation and increased ocular pain for 3-4 days. There were no systemic sig...
We report the case of a 12-year-old boy who presented with a history of 4-5 years of severe bilateral photophobia, with exacerbation and increased ocular pain for 3-4 days. There were no systemic signs, and serology tests were negative; however, parents noted crying without tears since birth. Computerized tomography of the orbits revealed bilateral hypoplasia of lacrimal glands. A clinico-radiological correlation suggested a diagnosis of alacrima, a rare entity that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of severe pediatric dry eye, which is itself a commonly overlooked condition. In addition to artificial tears, permanent punctal occlusion with cautery provided symptomatic relief to the patient.
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- Bilateral acute iris transillumination syndrome. A case report. [Journal Article]
- ASArch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2018 Feb 01
- CONCLUSIONS: The case is presented of a 53 year-old woman, who, after being treated with moxifloxacin for an upper respiratory tract infection, developed a BAIT syndrome, which was initially diagnosed as acute anterior uveitis.As far as is known this is the first case reported in Navarra, but more case reports are needed to establish clear patterns about this condition.