- Digging deeper in the differential effects of inflammatory and psychosocial stressors in remitted depression: Effects on cognitive functioning. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Affect Disord 2018 Nov 06; 245:356-363
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) covers a wide spectrum of symptoms, including cognitive dysfunction, which can persist during remission. Both inflammatory states and psychosocial stress play a role i...
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) covers a wide spectrum of symptoms, including cognitive dysfunction, which can persist during remission. Both inflammatory states and psychosocial stress play a role in MDD pathogenesis.
- [Research Advances in Hypothalamic-pituitary Dysfunction Related to Traumatic Brain Injury]. [Journal Article]
- ZYZhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2018 Oct 30; 40(5):699-704
- Traumatic brain injury(TBI)is a major cause of hypothalamopituitary dysfunction. TBI-related hypothalamopituitary dysfunction is more common in the acute phase. Disturbance of pituitary/gonadal axis ...
Traumatic brain injury(TBI)is a major cause of hypothalamopituitary dysfunction. TBI-related hypothalamopituitary dysfunction is more common in the acute phase. Disturbance of pituitary/gonadal axis and growth hormone axis,as well as posterior pituitary dysfunction including central diabetes insipidus and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion,are the most frequently seen. During the chronic phase of TBI,anterior hypopituitarism is the major concern,which affects the quality of life. Risk factors for hypothalamopituitary dysfunction following TBI include low Glasgow score,high body mass index,hypoxia,older age,longer intensive care unit stay and longer coma status,radiological evidence of acute brain injury,and increased intracranial pressure. Children and adolescents are in a crucial period of growth and development,and therefore TBI-related pituitary dysfunction during this period can substantially affect the cognition and behaviors. There is currently no reliable biochemical marker predicting hypothalamopituitary dysfunctions. Therefore,it is of great importance to evaluate the pituitary function and take appropriate hormone replacement for moderate-severe TBI patients or mild TBI patients with apparent symptoms,especially for patients with water-electrolyte disturbance and adrenal deficiency. Growth hormone and gonadal hormone replacement therapies are crucial for children and adolescents.
- Metabolic and endocrine effects of epidural glucocorticoid injections. [Journal Article]
- SMSingapore Med J 2018 Nov 07
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that epidural steroid injections with dexamethasone have a real, albeit limited, side effect on glucose and cortisol homeostasis in an Asian population presenting with lower back pain or sciatica.
- Sexually dimorphic metabolic responses mediated by CRF2 receptor during nutritional stress in mice. [Journal Article]
- BSBiol Sex Differ 2018 Nov 06; 9(1):49
- CONCLUSIONS: CRF2 receptor dysregulation is a sexually dimorphic risk factor in development of pre-diabetic and metabolic symptoms.
- Primary hypoaldosteronism in a dog with pituitary and adrenal T-cell lymphoma. [Case Reports]
- JSJ Small Anim Pract 2018 Nov 03
- A 7-year-old mixed breed dog was presented with a 2-week history of vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness and loss of appetite. Initial laboratory tests revealed hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia consistent wi...
A 7-year-old mixed breed dog was presented with a 2-week history of vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness and loss of appetite. Initial laboratory tests revealed hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia consistent with hypoadrenocorticism. Basal plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone concentrations were not suggestive of primary hypoadrenocorticism but the aldosterone concentration was undetectable. Abdominal ultrasound scan showed a mass within the left kidney and a nodular enlargement of the left adrenal gland. Cytological analysis revealed a large granular lymphoma. The dog died 17 days later. Post mortem histological and immunohistochemical examinations revealed a diffuse large granular T-cell lymphoma involving the mediastinal lymph node, kidneys, pancreas, adrenal and pituitary glands.
- GATA3 immunoreactivity expands the transcription factor profile of pituitary neuroendocrine tumors. [Journal Article]
- MPMod Pathol 2018 Nov 02
- The modern classification of pituitary neuroendocrine tumors relies mainly on immunohistochemistry for pituitary transcription factors, hormones, and other biomarkers, including low molecular weight ...
The modern classification of pituitary neuroendocrine tumors relies mainly on immunohistochemistry for pituitary transcription factors, hormones, and other biomarkers, including low molecular weight cytokeratins. The transcription factor GATA2 is required for development of gonadotrophs and thyrotrophs but has not been used for classification of pituitary tumors. Because of genomic paralogy of GATA2 and GATA3, we postulated that GATA3 immunohistochemistry may detect GATA2 in the adenohypophysis. We examined 151 tumors originating from Ondokuz Mayis University, Turkey (n = 83) and University Health Network, Canada (n = 68). Initially, 83 tumors (26 gonadotroph, 24 somatotroph, 17 corticotroph, 12 lactotroph, 2 poorly differentiated Pit-1 lineage tumors that expressed TSH and 2 null cell tumors) from Ondokuz Mayis University were investigated with the GATA3 monoclonal antibody L50-823. Retrospective review of the files of University Health Network identified 68 tumors (43 gonadotroph, 3 somatotroph, 2 lactotroph, 1 mammosomatotroph, 9 corticotroph, 7 poorly differentiated Pit-1 lineage tumors with TSH expression, 2 plurihormonal tumors with TSH expression and 1 null cell tumor) that were examined with the same GATA3 antibody and served as a validation cohort. All somatotroph, lactotroph and mammosomatotroph tumors and the null cell tumors were negative for GATA3. Sixty-eight (98.5%) gonadotroph tumors were positive for GATA3; 64 had diffuse reactivity. Two plurihormonal tumors with TSH expression and eight (88.8%) poorly differentiated Pit-1 lineage tumors with variable TSH expression were positive for GATA3. One of 26 (3.8%) corticotroph tumors was diffusely positive for GATA3. This study shows that GATA3 immunoreactivity is characteristic of pituitary gonadotroph and TSH-producing tumors. This finding expands the pattern of transcription factors that are used to classify adenohypophysial tumors and is important in the differential diagnosis of sellar tumors, as GATA3 expression is also a feature of primary sellar paragangliomas as well as carcinomas that may metastasize to the sella.
- Hypothalamic Vasopressin-producing Tumors: Often Inappropriate Diuresis But Occasionally Cushing Disease. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Surg Pathol 2018 Oct 30
- Tumors of hypothalamic neurons that produce vasopressin are rare. We retrieved all cases of vasopressin-positive tumors in the sellar region from the database of the Department of Pathology. Five cas...
Tumors of hypothalamic neurons that produce vasopressin are rare. We retrieved all cases of vasopressin-positive tumors in the sellar region from the database of the Department of Pathology. Five cases fulfilled the selection criteria, representing the first series of such tumors. Clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features were reviewed. Four tumors classified as neurocytomas were identified in 3 females and 1 male patient; the ages at onset of symptoms ranged from 17 to 40 years. All were large sellar masses with suprasellar extension and/or invasion of the parasellar sinuses. Three patients had the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis; in one of these, a 6-year history was initially considered to be idiopathic. One patient died of progressive disease; 3 had incomplete resections and are being followed. In contrast to these patients with neurocytoma, a 65-year-old woman had Cushing disease and a 0.8 cm mass that was completely resected at transsphenoidal surgery; this tumor was a gangliocytoma producing vasopressin associated with corticotroph hyperplasia. We postulate that the small amount of vasopressin secreted by this mature gangliocytic tumor was locally bound to corticotrophs, resulting in hyperplasia and Cushing disease, without sufficient overproduction to cause systemic effects of vasopressin excess. Hypothalamic neurocytoma is a tumor that can mimic pituitary neuroendocrine tumors and olfactory neuroblastoma but is distinguished by positivity for neurofilaments, NeuN, and TTF-1 and negative staining for adenohypophysial biomarkers. Our cases illustrate that neurocytoma and gangliocytoma are 2 variants of tumors of hypothalamic neurons that can produce vasopressin. The morphologic and proliferative features of these 2 tumor types represent 2 ends of a spectrum; their function also can result in divergent clinical manifestations, one characterized by reduced urine output and the other by the more insidious features of glucocorticoid excess.
- Clinical case seminar: Familial intracranial germinoma. [Journal Article]
- EPEndokrynol Pol 2018; 69(5):612-618
- CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge so far, only six reports have been published related to familial ICG. The presented two brothers are the first report of familial ICG case outside of Japan. They are treated successfully with GH therapy in adult period. < /p > < p >.
- Recurrent pituitary adenoma presenting as an isolated sino-orbital mass. [Letter]
- CEClin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 28
- No abstract is available for this article. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
No abstract is available for this article. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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- [Oculomotor nerve compression on MRI in a 56-year-old man with pituitary apoplexy due to panhypophisitis]. [Journal Article]
- RSRinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Oct 27
- A 56-year-old man noted sudden onset of headache, fever, right pupil-spared oculomotor nerve palsy and consciousness disturbance. Swelling of pituitary with T1 high intensity on brain MRI suggested t...
A 56-year-old man noted sudden onset of headache, fever, right pupil-spared oculomotor nerve palsy and consciousness disturbance. Swelling of pituitary with T1 high intensity on brain MRI suggested the diagnosis of pituitary apoplexy. Considering significant decrease of pituitary anterior lobe hormone and central diabetes insipidus, high dose of hydrocortisone was administered. Eight days after onset, consciousness level and headache improved. On day 30, brain MRI revealed the reduction of mass size, and on day 46, photophobia and double vision disappeared. Following the rapid response to steroid and disappearance of pituitary lesion, pituitary apoplexy was probably caused by panhypophisitis. Thin-slice brain MRI confirmed the compression of oculomotor nerve at inlet zone of cavernous sinus, suggesting the mechanism of oculomotor palsy was perfusion impairment of feeding artery.