- The effect of iodopovidone versus bleomycin in chemical pleurodesis. [Journal Article]
- ACAsian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Jan 01; :218492318778485
- Background Malignant pleural effusion continues to be a common problem in patients with metastatic disease. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of bleomycin pleurodesis with p...
Background Malignant pleural effusion continues to be a common problem in patients with metastatic disease. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of bleomycin pleurodesis with povidone-iodine pleurodesis through a chest drain as palliative treatment for recurrent malignant pleural effusion. Methods Sixty cancer patients (36 males and 24 females) with recurrent malignant pleural effusion were enrolled in a prospective randomized trial. Thirty patients received povidone-iodine pleurodesis and 30 received bleomycin pleurodesis. Age, sex, side of the primary pathology, treatment outcome (recurrence and relapse time), and complications were analyzed. Results The mean age was 59.63 ± 7.68 years in the povidone-iodine group and 57.97 ± 9.27 years in the bleomycin group ( p = 0.452). The complications were identical in both groups: 2 (6.7%) patients had chest pain, 2 (6.7%) had fever, and one (3.3%) had hypotension. There was a good response to therapy in 20 (66.7%) patients in the bleomycin group and 25 (83.3%) in the povidone-iodine group ( p = 0.136). Conclusion The results of this study indicate that povidone-iodine should be considered as a selective chemical agent to perform pleurodesis in patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusion because it has the same effect but costs less than bleomycin.
- Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita Presenting as a Fetal Hemothorax. [Journal Article]
- FDFetal Diagn Ther 2018 May 23; :1-4
- We report a case of a fetus diagnosed at 28 weeks' gestation with a spontaneous prenatal hemothorax. Fetal intervention consisted of 2 thoracenteses with analysis of the pleural effusion. The pregnan...
We report a case of a fetus diagnosed at 28 weeks' gestation with a spontaneous prenatal hemothorax. Fetal intervention consisted of 2 thoracenteses with analysis of the pleural effusion. The pregnancy was further complicated by recurrence of the hemothorax, with subsequent mediastinal shift, hydrops, and nonreassuring antenatal testing requiring delivery at 31 weeks' gestation. Postnatal workup established the diagnoses of cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) and pulmonary lymphangiectasia. The child is currently 4 years old and without any active medical issues or sequelae from the CMTC, pulmonary lymphangiectasia, or prenatal interventions.
- [Therapeutic evaluation of intertransverse bone graft for single segmental thoracic spinal tuberculosis]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2016 Jul 08; 30(7):843-848
- CONCLUSIONS: ?Intertransverse bone graft is a reliable, safe, and effective way of bone graft applied to the single segmental thoracic spinal tuberculosis.
- Mycoplasma Pneumoniae among Children Hospitalized with Community-acquired Pneumonia. [Journal Article]
- CIClin Infect Dis 2018 May 17
- CONCLUSIONS: Usually considered as a mild respiratory infection, M. pneumoniae was the most commonly detected bacteria among children ≥5 years hospitalized with CAP; one-quarter of whom had co-detections. Although associated with clinically non-specific symptoms, there was a need for intensive care support in some cases. M. pneumoniae should be included in the differential diagnosis for school-aged children hospitalized with CAP.
- [Efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis]. [Journal Article]
- ZEZhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2018 May 02; 56(5):347-352
- Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective...
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on hospitalized MPP patients with atelectasis and received BAL in the Department of Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2015 to July 31, 2017. Fever relieved in 48 hours and chest imaging improved in one week after BAL were considered effective. Clinical data, including age, sex, blood routine tests, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cytokines, complications, fever duration before BAL, course of disease before BAL, sputum plug, atelectasis area and its CT values of atelectasis site were collected. Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test, or chi square test were used. Results: (1) A total of 163 patients were enrolled, including 69 boys and 94 girls, with the ratio of 1∶1.36. Their ages ranged from 6 months to 12.6 years. (2) On the day of bronchoscope, 113 patients still had fever. They were divided into effective group (n=66) and ineffective group (n=47) according to whether fever was relieved in 48 hours after BAL. The effective group were found to have less sputum plug compared with the ineffective group (33% (22/66) vs. 57% (27/47), χ(2)=6.499, P=0.011). The other factors such as sex, age, fever duration before BAL, course of disease before BAL, C reactive protein (CRP), LDH, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, IFN-γ, atelectasis area and CT value showed no significant difference between the two groups (all P>0.05). (3)A total of 122 cases had chest imaging after BAL. According to chest imaging improvement, they were divided into effective group (n=81) and ineffective group (n=41). The effective group showed lower CT value ((58±9) vs. (63±8) HU, t=-2.436, P=0.017), IL-6 and IL-10 (M(Q(1), Q(3))) (21.0 (1.9, 48.4) vs. 36.4(21.8, 93.6), 4.9 (3.7, 9.6) vs. 7.7 (4.4, 12.0) ng/L, Z=-2.387,-2.009, P=0.017, 0.045). Sex, age, fever duration before BAL, course of disease before BAL, CRP, LDH, IL-2, IL-4, TNF, IFN-γ, atelectasis area showed no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). (4) Patients were divided into sputum plug group (57 cases) and non sputum plug group (106 cases) according to bronchoscopic findings. The sputum plug group showed higher LDH, CRP, IL-6, IFN-γ, incidence of pleural effusion and extrapulmonary complications (585(433, 833) vs. 369 (312, 588) U/L, 42 (19, 103) vs. 25 (12, 45) mg/L, 38.8 (22.1, 71.3) vs. 20.7 (9.2, 48.3) ng/L, 33.1 (13.5, 89.3) vs. 12.7 (6.5, 33.6) ng/L, 73.7% (42/57) vs. 52.8% (56/106), 40.4% (23/57) vs. 17.0% (18/106)), with statistically significant differences (Z=-4.865,-3.435,-3.098,-3.704, χ(2)= 0.010, 0.001, all P<0.01) . Additionally, fewer patients showed fever relief within 48 hours after BAL in the cases with sputum plug cases compared those without sputum plug (44.9% (22/49) vs. 68.8% (44/64), χ(2)= 0.011, P=0.009). Fewer patients showed chest imaging improvement within one week after BAL in the cases with sputum plug compared with those without sputum plug, but did not show significant difference (56.5% (26/46) vs. 72.4% (55/76), χ(2)=0.073, P=0.056). Conclusions: BAL has some therapeutic effect on fever or atelectasis in MPP children complicated with atelectasis. Chest imaging improvement or fever relief may be hampered by sputum plug, increased IL-6 or IL-10.
- Management of pleural infections. [Journal Article]
- ERExpert Rev Respir Med 2018 May 20; :1-15
- The management of infected pleural effusion is complex. Therapeutic resolution requires determining the following: appropriate antibiotic regimen, the need for pleural drainage, the optimal drainage ...
The management of infected pleural effusion is complex. Therapeutic resolution requires determining the following: appropriate antibiotic regimen, the need for pleural drainage, the optimal drainage tube size, and the need for intrapleural therapy or surgery. Areas covered: An updating of the latest advances in the management of parapneumonic pleural effusion based on the best evidence available is provided. Expert commentary: The correct management of parapneumonic pleural effusion is based on selecting an antibiotic regimen according to the origin of the pleural infection (community-acquired or nosocomial). If pleural drainage is indicated, a small-bore chest tube is appropriate. Although the administration of fibrinolytics is not required in all cases, when necessary, recombinant t-PA in combination with deoxyribonuclease is the preferred therapy. If surgery is indicated, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is as effective - if not superior - as open decortication. All these therapies should be complemented with appropriate nutritional support. Further clinical trials are needed to confirm whether new therapeutic strategies such as a pleural cavity saline wash are more effective in the management of this disease.
- [Curative effect analysis of bile reinfusion combined with enteral nutrition support before surgery of hilar cholangiocarcinoma]. [Journal Article]
- ZWZhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 May 01; 56(5):367-373
- Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of bile reinfusion combined with enteral nutrition support before surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients w...
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of bile reinfusion combined with enteral nutrition support before surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery Department from July 2010 to August 2017 was completed.A total of 52 cases were finally enrolled in our study.All the patients included, on the basis of whether they received preoperative drainage and bile reinfusion, were divided into non-drainage group(n=15) and drainage group(n=37). Differences of clinical indicators, including operation time, intraoperative bleeding and serum liver function index levels at day 1, 3, 7 postoperative, postoperative complications(liver failure, biliary fistula, pleural effusion, peritoneal effusion, abdominal cavity infection, death in hospital), tumor classification, R0 resection, postoperative hospitalization time between the 2 groups were analyzed. At the same time, in the drainage group, patients were divided into non-enteral nutrition subgroup(n=13) and enteral nutrition subgroup(n=24) according to whether they received enteral nutrition before operation. The normal distribution data of the group was statistically analyzed by independent sample t test, the non-normal distribution data of the group was statistically analyzed by rank-sum test. The count data was statistically analyzed by non-calibration and correction of the square test. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in general infomation such as age, gender, and serum liver function between non-drainage group and drainage group(P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in general information such as age, gender, and serum liver function between non-enteral nutrition group and enteral nutrition group(P>0.05). The rate of vascular resection and reconstruction(33.3%) and operating time(10.8(2.2)h) in drainage group were both higher than those in non-drainage group(6.7% and 8.3(3.0)h), the differences were both statistically significant(χ(2)=4.397, Z=1.595; both P<0.05). The level of AST at the 7th day after surgery in drainage group(32.8(17.3)U/L) was significantly lower than that in non-drainage group(55.0(64.7)U/L), the difference was statistically significant(Z=-2.212, P<0.05). The level of TBil at 1st day after surgery in drainage group(43.6(91.2)μmol/L) was lower than that in non-drainage group(91.2(188.4)μmol/L), the difference was statistically significant(Z=-2.150, P<0.05). The rate of pancreatoduodenectomy(25.0%) and average operating time(11.1(1.3)h) in the enteral nutrition group were both higher than those in the non-enteral nutrition group(0, 9.0(2.6)h). The differences were both statistically significant(χ(2)=3.879, Z=-2.693; P<0.05). The average level of AST at the 1st day after surgery in enteral nutrition group(396.4(268.3)U/L) was significantly lower than that in non-enteral nutrition group(642.5(341.1)U/L), the difference was statistically significant(Z=-2.483, P<0.05). The average level of TBil at the 1st, 3th day after surgery in enteral nutrition group(38.8(21.5)μmol/L and 30.0(25.6)μmol/L) were both lower than those in non-enteral nutrition group(60.9(75.2)μmol/L and 46.5(50.0)μmol/L), the differences were both statistically significant(Z=-2.416, -2.026; P<0.05). The level of CRP at 1st, 3th day after surgery((41.9±31.1)mg/L, (50.8±31.4)mg/L)in enteral nutrition subgroup was lower than that in non-enteral nutrition subgroup((64.4±33.6)mg/L, (74.1±35.3)mg/L), the differences were both statistically significant(t=1.456, 1.675; P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the present study , there is no effective improvement on postoperative recovery using bile reinfusion combined with nutrition support before R0 resection of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
- [A very unusual pleural presentation]. [Journal Article]
- RMRev Mal Respir 2018 May 16
- Urinothorax refers to the presence of urine in the pleural space. Urinothorax is an infrequent and underdiagnosed pathology, with few cases reported, and these often suspected only with hindsight. It...
Urinothorax refers to the presence of urine in the pleural space. Urinothorax is an infrequent and underdiagnosed pathology, with few cases reported, and these often suspected only with hindsight. It is usually a transudative pleural effusion. We report a case of urinothorax presenting as a purulent pleural effusion. Management of the urinothorax required antibiotics and surgical unblocking of the urinary tract. Currently, no test is available to confirm the diagnosis. The ratio of serum creatinine/pleural creatinine could suggest the presence of urinothorax but this parameter needs to be validated by complementary studies. Urinothorax should be suspected in the context of pleural effusion occurring after a recent urologic surgery.
- Blunt splenic injury during colonoscopy: Is it as rare as we think? [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Surg 2018 May 12
- CONCLUSIONS: Although blunt splenic injury is an infrequently reported complication of colonoscopy, it can result in high-grade injury requiring transfusion and invasive treatment due to significant hemorrhage. As previously reported, we demonstrate a high rate of PCBSI in women over 55 with a history of prior abdominal surgery. These data suggest that a high index of suspicion for splenic injury post-colonoscopy should be present in this population.
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- Ventana immunohistochemistry ALK (D5F3) detection of ALK expression in pleural effusion samples of lung adenocarcinoma. [Journal Article]
- PMPer Med 2015; 12(4):349-357
- CONCLUSIONS: The Ventana IHC ALK (D5F3) assay is a reliable tool for detecting ALK protein expression in pleural effusion samples.