- Synovium as a widespread pathway to the adjacent joint in undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma of the tibia: A case report. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(8):e9870
- CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to frequent infiltration pathway, the articular synovium as a media for this tumor spread is rare. This study adds a better understanding of this direct invasion way to the medical literature.
- Do I Need to Operate on That in the Middle of the Night? Development of a Nomogram for the Diagnosis of Severe Acute Cholecystitis. [Journal Article]
- JGJ Gastrointest Surg 2018 Feb 20
- CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a nomogram total point ≥ 74 should be considered at high risk of severe acute cholecystitis (at 74 total point, sensitivity = 78.5%; specificity = 78.2%; accuracy = 78.3%) and this finding could be useful for surgical planning once confirmed in a prospective study comparing the risk score stratification and clinical outcomes.
- Ultrasonographic images of the hand in a case with early eosinophilic fasciitis. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Med Ultrason (2001) 2018 Feb 20
- Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF), a rare rheumatic disease, usually affects the limbs symmetrically and generally spares the hands and feet. Cases of unilateral hand involvement are rarely reported. Here,...
Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF), a rare rheumatic disease, usually affects the limbs symmetrically and generally spares the hands and feet. Cases of unilateral hand involvement are rarely reported. Here, we report such a rare case. Ultrasonography demonstrated thickening of the overlying skin and subcutaneous tissue, peripheral deep fascia, myositis of lumbrical muscles and adductor pollicis muscle, and edema surrounding flexor digitorum tendons. It reminds us that EF should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral painful hand swelling despite being uncommon. Ultrasonography can be used to aid the diagnosis and monitor therapeutic response in patients with EF.
- Small-Vessel Vasculopathy Due to Aberrant Autophagy in LAMP-2 Deficiency. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Feb 20; 8(1):3326
- Lysosomal associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) is physiologically implicated in autophagy. A genetic LAMP2 defect causes Danon disease, which consists of two major phenotypes of myopathy and cardiom...
Lysosomal associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) is physiologically implicated in autophagy. A genetic LAMP2 defect causes Danon disease, which consists of two major phenotypes of myopathy and cardiomyopathy. In addition, arteriopathy may manifest on rare occasions but the pathological basis remains unknown. We encountered two Danon families that developed small-vessel vasculopathy in the coronary or cerebral arteries. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we characterized the biological features of LAMP-2-deficient mice and cultured cells. LAMP-2-deficient mice at 9-24 months of age showed medial thickening with luminal stenosis due to proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in muscular arteries. Ultrastructural analysis of VSMC revealed various autophagic vacuoles scattered throughout the cytoplasm, suggesting impaired autophagy of long-lived metabolites and degraded organelles (i.e., mitochondria). The VSMC in Lamp2 null mice expressed more vimentin but less α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), indicating a switch from contractile to synthetic phenotype. Silencing of LAMP2 in cultured human brain VSMC showed the same phenotypic transition with mitochondrial fragmentation, enhanced mitochondrial respiration, and overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These findings indicate that LAMP-2 deficiency leads to arterial medial hypertrophy with the phenotypic conversion of VSMC, resulting from age-dependent accumulation of cellular waste generated by aberrant autophagy.
- Hormonal, metabolic, and endometrial safety of testosterone vaginal cream versus estrogens for the treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. [Journal Article]
- MMenopause 2018 Feb 16
- CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of treatment with topical testosterone or estrogen in postmenopausal women with symptoms of vaginal atrophy demonstrated laboratory and endometrial safety when compared with placebo.
- Anxiety and perceived psychological stress play an important role in the immune response after exercise. [Journal Article]
- EIExerc Immunol Rev 2018; 24:26-34
- There are common pathways by which psychological stress and exercise stress alter immunity. However, it remains unknown whether psychological stress plays a role in the in vivo immune response to exe...
There are common pathways by which psychological stress and exercise stress alter immunity. However, it remains unknown whether psychological stress plays a role in the in vivo immune response to exercise. We examined the relationship between anxiety and perceived psychological stress reported before exercise and in vivo immunity after exercise using skin sensitisation with Diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP). In a randomised design, sixty four, thoroughly familiarised, males completed widely used psychological instruments to assess state-anxiety and perceived psychological stress before exercise, and ran either 30 minutes at 60% (30MI) or 80% (30HI) V . O2peak, 120 minutes at 60% (120MI) V . O2peak or rested (CON) before DPCP sensitisation. Cutaneous recall to DPCP was measured as the dermal thickening response to a low-dose series DPCP challenge 4-weeks after sensitisation. After accounting for exercise (R2 = 0.20; P < 0.01), multiple-regression showed that pre-exercise state-anxiety (STAI-S; ΔR2 = 0.19; P < 0.01) and perceived psychological stress (ΔR2 = 0.13; P < 0.05) were moderately associated with the DPCP response after exercise. The STAI-S scores before exercise were considered low-to-moderate in these familiarised individuals (median split; mean STAI-S of low 25 and moderate 34). Further examination showed that the DPCP response after exercise (30MI, 30HI or 120MI) was 62% lower in those reporting low vs. moderate state-anxiety before exercise (mean difference in dermal thickening: -2.6 mm; 95% CI: -0.8 to -4.4 mm; P < 0.01). As such, the results indicate a beneficial effect of moderate (vs. low) state-anxiety and perceived psychological stress on in vivo immunity after exercise. Moreover, correlations were of comparable strength for the relationship between physiological stress (heart rate training impulse) and the summed dermal response to DPCP (r = -0.37; 95% CI: -0.05 to -0.62; P = 0.01), and state-anxiety and the summed dermal response to DPCP (r = 0.39; 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.63; P < 0.01). In conclusion, state-anxiety and perceived psychological stress levels before exercise play animportant role in determining the strength of the in vivo immune response after exercise. These findings indicate a similar strength relationship for the level of state-anxiety prior to exercise and the level of physiological stress during exercise with the in vivo immune response after exercise. Future research is required to investigate exercise-immune responses in athletes, military personnel and others in physically demanding occupations experiencing higher levels of psychological stress than those reported in this study e.g. related to important competition, military operations and major life events. Nevertheless, the present findings support the recommendation that exercise scientists should account for anxiety and psychological stress when examining the immune response to exercise.
- Development of clinical sign-based scoring system for assessment of omphalitis in neonatal calves. [Journal Article]
- VRVet Rec 2018 Feb 19
- Omphalitis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. Diagnosis of omphalitis is based on the local signs of inflammation-pain, swelling, local heat and purulent dischar...
Omphalitis contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. Diagnosis of omphalitis is based on the local signs of inflammation-pain, swelling, local heat and purulent discharge. An abattoir trial identified an optimal, sign-based, scoring system for diagnosis of omphalitis. A sample of 187 calves aged between 7 and 15 days old were clinically examined for signs of umbilical inflammation and compared with postmortem examination of navels. On postmortem findings, 64 calves (34.2 per cent) had omphalitis. In the examined omphalitis cases, the most commonly affected umbilical structure was the urachus (78.1 per cent). Multivariable logistic regression revealed that thickening of the umbilical stump over 1.3 cm (P<0.001), discharge (P<0.001), raised local temperature (P=0.003) and the presence of umbilical hernia (P=0.024) were correlated and positive predictors of omphalitis. Discharge from the umbilical stump was associated with intra-abdominal inflammation (P=0.004). Assigning weights based on the multivariable logistic regression coefficients, a clinical scoring algorithm was developed. The cumulative score ranged from 0 to 9. Using this scoring system, calves were categorised as positive if their total score was ≥2. This scoring method had a sensitivity of 85.9 per cent, specificity of 74.8 per cent and correctly classified 78.6 per cent of all calves.
- The Accuracy of Colorectal Cancer Detection by Computed Tomography in the Unprepared Large Bowel in a Community-Based Hospital. [Journal Article]
- CACan Assoc Radiol J 2018; 69(1):92-96
- CONCLUSIONS: Community general radiologists can successfully detect CRC with a high degree of accuracy. Reformatted images, bowel wall thickening when regional nodes are prominent, and minimizing oral contrast were helpful in improving detection.
- Relationship of CT-quantified emphysema, small airways disease and bronchial wall dimensions with physiological, inflammatory and infective measures in COPD. [Journal Article]
- RRRespir Res 2018 Feb 20; 19(1):31
- CONCLUSIONS: This study provides further validation for the use of quantitative CT measures of emphysema and small airways disease in COPD as they showed strong associations with pulmonary physiology and functional status. In contrast to this quantitative CT measures showed few convincing associations with biological measures of disease, suggesting it is not an effective tool at measuring disease activity.
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- Assessment of pulmonary structure-function relationships in young children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis by multivolume proton-MRI and CT. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Feb 19
- CONCLUSIONS: Multivolume noncontrast-enhanced MRI, as a nonionizing imaging modality that can be used on nearly any MRI scanner without specialized equipment or gaseous tracers, may be particularly valuable in CF care, providing a new imaging biomarker to detect early alterations in regional lung structure-function.