- Highly potent and selective ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase I inhibitors based on an adenosine 5'-(α or γ)-thio-(α,β- or β,γ)-methylenetriphosphate scaffold. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Med Chem 2014 Jun 12; 57(11):4677-91
- Aberrant nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (NPP1) activity is associated with chondrocalcinosis, osteoarthritis, and type 2 diabetes. The potential of NPP1 inhibitors as therapeutic agen...
Aberrant nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (NPP1) activity is associated with chondrocalcinosis, osteoarthritis, and type 2 diabetes. The potential of NPP1 inhibitors as therapeutic agents, and the scarceness of their structure-activity relationship, encouraged us to develop new NPP1 inhibitors. Specifically, we synthesized ATP-α-thio-β,γ-CH2 (1), ATP-α-thio-β,γ-CCl2 (2), ATP-α-CH2-γ-thio (3), and 8-SH-ATP (4) and established their resistance to hydrolysis by NPP1,3 and NTPDase1,2,3,8 (<5% hydrolysis) (NTPDase = ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase). Analogues 1-3 at 100 μM inhibited thymidine 5'-monophosphate p-nitrophenyl ester hydrolysis by NPP1 and NPP3 by >90% and 23-43%, respectively, and only slightly affected (0-40%) hydrolysis of ATP by NTPDase1,2,3,8. Analogue 3 is the most potent NPP1 inhibitor currently known, Ki = 20 nM and IC50 = 0.39 μM. Analogue 2a is a selective NPP1 inhibitor with Ki = 685 nM and IC50 = 0.57 μM. Analogues 1-3 were found mostly to be nonagonists of P2Y1/P2Y2/P2Y11 receptors. Docking analogues 1-3 into the NPP1 model suggested that activity correlates with the number of H-bonds with binding site residues. In conclusion, we propose analogues 2a and 3 as highly promising NPP1 inhibitors.
- Calcium crystal effects on the cells of the joint: implications for pathogenesis of disease. [Review]
- COCurr Opin Rheumatol 2000; 12(3):223-7
- In the past three years, there has been considerable progress in delineating the mechanism of calcium-containing crystal-induced cell activation: (1) the identification of Ca2+ influx and p42/44 mito...
In the past three years, there has been considerable progress in delineating the mechanism of calcium-containing crystal-induced cell activation: (1) the identification of Ca2+ influx and p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation as the signal transduction pathways; (2) induction of nuclear transcription factors of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein, activator protein-1, and nuclear factor kappaB; (3) the differential role of crystal endocytosis and dissolution in crystal-induced metalloproteinase synthesis and mitogenesis; (4) crystal upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases, including MMP-13 but downregulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 and -2, thus magnifying the degenerative effect of crystals. Phosphocitrate, a specific inhibitor of biologic effect of calcium crystals, reverses the degenerative effects of crystals.
- Transduction mechanisms of porcine chondrocyte inorganic pyrophosphate elaboration. [Journal Article]
- ARArthritis Rheum 1999; 42(3):555-60
- CONCLUSIONS: Two signaling pathways, cAMP and PKC, modulate generation of extracellular pyrophosphate by cartilage and chondrocytes. They are novel targets for potentially diminishing extracellular pyrophosphate elaboration that leads to CPPD crystal deposition.
- Understanding inorganic pyrophosphate metabolism: toward prevention of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition. [Journal Article]
- ARAnn Rheum Dis 1995; 54(12):939-41
- ATP-induced chondrocalcinosis. [Journal Article]
- ARArthritis Rheum 1992; 35(12):1520-5
- CONCLUSIONS: Adult articular cartilage mineralizes in the presence of ATP, in a manner similar to that found with isolated matrix or articular cartilage vesicles. This supports the notion that these structures have a role in chondrocalcinosis.
- [Primary hyperparathyroidism seen in rheumatology. Clinical symptoms and the relation between bone histologic signs and biological parameters]. [Journal Article]
- RRRev Rhum Mal Osteoartic 1988; 55(7):489-94
- We report the clinical and biological picture of 34 primary hyperparathyroidism (PHT) cases, diagnosed in rheumatology. It concerned 25 women and 9 men, aged 61 + 11 years. The PHT was often asymptom...
We report the clinical and biological picture of 34 primary hyperparathyroidism (PHT) cases, diagnosed in rheumatology. It concerned 25 women and 9 men, aged 61 + 11 years. The PHT was often asymptomatic (47 p. cent of cases) at the time of diagnosis. The clinical manifestations were dominated by asthenia (50 p. cent) and renal lithiasis (47 p. cent). We found a chondrocalcinosis in 29 p. cent of patients. No patient presented any bony manifestations of cystic osteitis; 7 out of 34 patients (including 6 women between 57 and 74 years) presented vertebral compression. The mean calcemia was 117 +/- 9 mg/l. There were no hypercalcemic attack. The dosage of PTH and cyclic AMP were elevated in 29 out of 32 and 28 out of 31 patients respectively. In all patients, the level of either of these two tests was increased. The chloremia/phosphoremia ratio was also extremely predictive of HBP, since it was increased, exceeding 3.3 in 33 out of 34 patients. The 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25 (OH) D) were normal. The levels of 1,25 (OH) 2D were markedly spread (37 +/- 16 pg/ml) and not significantly different from the reference group. Patients with lithiasis did not present a higher level of 1,25 (OH) 2D. A bone histomorphometry carried out in 15 patients showed a bone trabecular volume similar to that of the reference with the same age. The osteoclastic resorption was increased in all cases and was not correlated with the PTH level, but was significantly correlated with the level of 1,25 (OH) 2D (r = 0.79 p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Identification of ecto-nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphatase in human articular chondrocytes in monolayer culture. [Journal Article]
- BBBiochim Biophys Acta 1985 Oct 30; 847(1):40-7
- In cultured monolayers of human articular chondrocytes we have observed an enzyme activity which catalyzes the extracellular conversion of ATP to AMP and PPi. The enzyme was active at very low concen...
In cultured monolayers of human articular chondrocytes we have observed an enzyme activity which catalyzes the extracellular conversion of ATP to AMP and PPi. The enzyme was active at very low concentrations of ATP (microM) and exhibited optimal activity at concentrations of ATP of approx. 100 microM. The enzyme was active in intact cells as judged by measurement of the release of the cytoplasmic marker enzyme lactate dehydrogenase. No increase in production of PPi from ATP was observed on mechanically disrupting the cells and no activity was shed into the medium by intact cells. Activity was stable between days 4 and 8 after subculturing the cells and was not affected by the timing of the final medium change prior to assay. Activity was also observed with other nucleoside triphosphates (GTP, CTP and UTP). We suggest that this activity is attributable to ecto-nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphatase. This observation may be important in relation to the pathogenesis of the human disease of chondrocalcinosis in which crystals of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate deposit in articular cartilage.