- Targeted Sequencing Analysis of Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma with Multiple Synchronous Ground-glass/Lepidic Nodules. [Journal Article]
- JTJ Thorac Oncol 2018 Aug 16
- CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that ADC and synchronous GG/L nodules are genetically independent tumors. Intratumoral genetic heterogeneity of ADC was present, but driver gene mutations were homogeneously distributed. Driver gene mutations with high VAF were identified in the invasive tumor. These findings support the relevance of molecular characterization of lung ADC and synchronous GG/L nodules.
- Synchronous Primary Central Nervous System and Pulmonary Lymphoma in a 7-Year-Old Female with Unspecified T-Cell Immunodeficiency. [Journal Article]
- PNPediatr Neurosurg 2018 Aug 15; :1-6
- Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is rare in children with immunocompromise as an important risk factor. A 7-year-old girl with unspecified T-cell immunodeficiency presented with left-s...
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is rare in children with immunocompromise as an important risk factor. A 7-year-old girl with unspecified T-cell immunodeficiency presented with left-sided weakness and was found to have a right-sided frontal lobe mass on imaging. The mass was resected; histopathology and molecular studies evidenced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Prior chest imaging had revealed left upper lobe mass, and repeat chest imaging revealed multiple pulmonary nodules, initially concerning for metastasis. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical wedge resection of the lung mass was performed; the molecular profile was distinct from the PCNSL, suggesting synchronous de novo lymphomagenesis of brain and pulmonary primaries.
- Ectopic Papillary Thyroid Cancer with Distant Metastasis. [Journal Article]
- CRCase Rep Endocrinol 2018; 2018:8956712
- Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare clinical entity wherein malignant lesions may arise, the most common one being papillary carcinoma. We present a case of a 68-year-old female who presented with a gro...
Ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare clinical entity wherein malignant lesions may arise, the most common one being papillary carcinoma. We present a case of a 68-year-old female who presented with a growing mass in the right clavicle. An MR of the shoulder showed a soft tissue mass arising from the anterior margin of the right distal clavicle. A fine needle aspiration of the mass showed papillary thyroid carcinoma. PET/CT confirmed the clavicular and mediastinal mass. Excision of the clavicular mass and total thyroidectomy with modified right neck dissection were performed. Pathology revealed no evidence of malignancy in the thyroid; lymph nodes were positive for metastatic thyroid carcinoma. Postsurgery CT showed the superior mediastinal mass with surrounding adenopathy; radioiodine (RAI) treatment with dose of 142.1 mCi [5257.7 MBq] was recommended. Posttherapy whole-body scan (WBS) showed RAI avid tissue in the neck and superior mediastinum. Follow-up chest CT revealed pulmonary nodules that increased in number and size; a second RAI therapeutic dose was given. The posttherapy RAI WBS was negative. Repeat PET/CT showed multiple hypermetabolic lesions in the mediastinum, neck, lymph nodes, pulmonary nodes, and right shoulder. The FDG avid lesions with no RAI uptake suggested tumor dedifferentiation.
- CT-guided Biopsy for the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma Mimicking Metastatic Lung Cancer: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
- IMIntern Med 2018 Aug 10
- A 69-year-old male patient presented with multiple lung nodules revealed by chest-computed tomography (CT) during a preoperative examination for an appendiceal tumor. The nodule diameters ranged from...
A 69-year-old male patient presented with multiple lung nodules revealed by chest-computed tomography (CT) during a preoperative examination for an appendiceal tumor. The nodule diameters ranged from 2-10 mm without either pleural thickening or effusions. A fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan showed a high FDG uptake in the appendiceal tumor, but almost normal standardized uptake values in the bilateral lung nodules. A CT-guided biopsy led to a diagnosis of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, a rare vascular tumor with a radiological presentation similar to that of a metastatic lung tumor. The present case is the first to describe successful treatment using a CT-guided biopsy instead of more conventional methods.
- T. marneffei infection complications in an HIV-negative patient with pre-existing pulmonary sarcoidosis: a rare case report. [Journal Article]
- BIBMC Infect Dis 2018 Aug 10; 18(1):390
- CONCLUSIONS: This case suggested that clinicians should pay more attention to non-HIV-related lung infections in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis. Early diagnosis and treatment with antifungal therapy can improve the prognosis of T. marneffei infection.
- Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition with Malignant Transformation Leading Multiple Metastasis from Disseminated Peritoneal Leiomyomatosis. [Case Reports]
- JCJ Clin Med 2018 Aug 09; 7(8)
- Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare condition that is characterized by the presence of multiple subperitoneal or peritoneal smooth muscle nodules of varying sizes on the omentum an...
Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) is a rare condition that is characterized by the presence of multiple subperitoneal or peritoneal smooth muscle nodules of varying sizes on the omentum and peritoneal surfaces, grossly mimicking disseminated carcinoma. DPL usually develops in premenopausal women with a benign course, and it is often found incidentally during abdominal surgery. Malignant transformation is a rare clinical course of DPL. Only a few studies have focused on DPL transformation into a leiomyosarcoma. Herein, we describe the case of a 61-year-old woman with a history of recurrent leiomyoma of the uterus who presented with intermittent progressive abdominal pain. The imaging study revealed a huge heterogeneous density mass in the pelvic region with pulmonary and hepatic metastases. Exploratory laparotomy and debulking surgery were performed, and showed the coexistence of DPL and leiomyosarcoma. She died approximately one month after the diagnosis because of rapid progression of pleural effusion due to malignancy. This case highlights the clinical features of DPL and its malignant transformation and metastasis so physicians can make an early diagnosis and provide timely management.
- Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis : a sino-orbital masquerader. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 09; 2018
- A 58-year-old Caucasian male presented with left periorbital oedema extending to the nasal area for 1 year along with nasal discharge for 1 month. Lab work was significant for positive cytoplasmic an...
A 58-year-old Caucasian male presented with left periorbital oedema extending to the nasal area for 1 year along with nasal discharge for 1 month. Lab work was significant for positive cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. CT scan showed solid mass along the nasal soft tissue with bony nasal destruction. A CT scan of the thorax was performed to rule out granulomatosis with polyangiitis and showed multiple pulmonary nodules. Biopsies of the nasal mass and lung nodule were performed which showed fragments of fibrosis with spindle cell proliferation consistent with eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF). EAF is a very rare disease, recently described as a subtype of immunoglobulin G4-related disease. A few rare cases of EAF involving the structures of the orbit have been reported in the literature.
- Rapid Growth and Early Metastasis of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma in an Adolescent Girl with Graves' Disease. [Case Reports]
- HRHorm Res Paediatr 2018 Aug 09; :1-6
- CONCLUSIONS: Rapid growth and early metastasis of PTC with coexisting Graves' disease in this patient can be related to a combination of multiple factors including preserved TSHR expression, reduced SLC5A5 expression, and TFG/NTRK1 rearrangement.
- Pulmonary Multiple Nodules: Benign or Malignant? [Letter]
- CMChin Med J (Engl) 2018 Aug 20; 131(16):1999-2001
New Search Next
- Combination of positron emission tomography/computed tomography and chest thin-layer high-resolution computed tomography for evaluation of pulmonary nodules: Correlation with imaging features, maximum standardized uptake value, and pathology. [Journal Article]
- MMedicine (Baltimore) 2018; 97(31):e11640
- This study aimed to analyze the imaging findings of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) and chest thin-layer high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT...
This study aimed to analyze the imaging findings of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-FDG PET/CT) and chest thin-layer high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), correlate the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), and the pathological type of benign or malignant pulmonary nodules (PNs), and assess the diagnostic accuracy in differentiating malignant from benign PNs.A retrospective review of F-FDG PET/CT scans from 88 patients with PNs confirmed by pathology or clinical follow-up were included. They both accepted PET/CT and HRCT scan conventional. The final results were determined by a combination of PET/CT and HRCT. Independent samples t test was used for statistical analysis. Receiver operating curves (ROC) were generated and the optimal threshold of SUVmax was determined.The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of HRCT, PET/CT, and PET/CT combined with HRCT in the diagnosis of PNs were 83.3%, 70%, 77.3%; 91.7%, 62.5%, 78.4%; and 95.8%, 75%, 86.4%, respectively. The SUVmax of malignant nodules was significantly higher than that of benign nodules, and the difference was statistically significant (t = -5.668, P < .001). In the subgroup analysis, the SUVmax of squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that of the denocarcinoma (t = -5.442, P < .001), and that of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (t = 4.678, P < .001), the difference were both statistically significant. There were both no significant difference between adenocarcinoma and bronchioloalveolar carcinoma (t = 0.36, P = .722), tuberculosis and inflammatory nodules (t = -0.18, P = .858). Higher the value of SUVmax, greater the risk of malignancy. However, when the SUVmax ranges between 2.5 and 8.0, the lesion may be benign or malignant, and a comprehensive evaluation using combination methods with HRCT are required. When SUVmax <2.5, there is still a 9.5% chance of PN malignancy. ROC curve shows SUVmax >3.635 as the best threshold, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PET/CT in diagnosis of PNs were 83.3%, 62.5%, 79.2%, 71.7%, and 71.4%, respectively.PET/CT combined with HRCT should be advocated to improve the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PET/CT in diagnosis of PNs.