- American Football Players in Preseason Training at Risk of Acute Kidney Injury Without Signs of Rhabdomyolysis. [Journal Article]
- CJClin J Sport Med 2018 Aug 16
- CONCLUSIONS: A relatively high percentage of athletes had an asymptomatic reduction in kidney function during the intense preseason training period. 43.4% of athletes in this study had a significant 31.6% mean reduction in GFR over the 10 days. According to RIFLE classification, this placed each athlete "at risk" of AKI.
- Predicting acute renal failure in Bothrops snakebite patients in a tertiary reference center, Western Brazilian Amazon. [Journal Article]
- PlosPLoS One 2018; 13(8):e0202361
- Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the main systemic complication and cause of death in viperid envenomation. Although there are hypotheses for the development of AKI, the mechanisms involved are still not...
Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the main systemic complication and cause of death in viperid envenomation. Although there are hypotheses for the development of AKI, the mechanisms involved are still not established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical-laboratorial-epidemiological factors associated with AKI in victims of Bothrops sp envenomation. This is an observational study carried out at the Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado. AKI was defined according to the guidelines of the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN). Among the 186 patients evaluated, AKI was observed in 24 (12.9%) after 48 hours of admission. Stage I was present in 17 (70.8%) patients, II in 3 (12.5%) and III in 4 (16.7%). Epidemiological characterization showed predominance of men, occurrence in rural areas, aged between 16-60 years, feet as the most affected anatomical region, and time to medical assistance less than 3 hours. Hypertension and diabetes were the comorbidities identified. Most of the accidents were classified as moderate, and clinical manifestations included severe pain, mild edema, local bleeding and headache. Laboratory results showed blood uncoagulability, hypofibrinogenemia, leukocytosis, increase of creatine kinase, and high lactate dehydrogenase levels. Multivariate analysis showed an association with high LDH levels [AOR = 1.01 (95% CI = 1.01-1.01, p<0.002)], local bleeding [AOR = 0.13 (95%CI = 0.027-0.59, p<0.009)], and the presence of comorbidities [AOR = 60.96 (95%CI = 9.69-383.30; p<0.000)]. Herein, laboratory markers such as high LDH levels along with local bleeding and comorbidities may aid in the diagnosis of AKI.
- Bathroom Entrapment Leading to Cardiac Arrest From Crush Syndrome. [Journal Article]
- PEPrehosp Emerg Care 2018 Aug 17; :1-4
- Crush injuries have the potential to cause life-threatening systemic effects such as hyperkalemia, dysrhythmias, acute kidney injury, and renal failure. Systemic involvement is known as crush syndrom...
Crush injuries have the potential to cause life-threatening systemic effects such as hyperkalemia, dysrhythmias, acute kidney injury, and renal failure. Systemic involvement is known as crush syndrome (CS) and results from tissue ischemia and muscle necrosis. This is a report of a 76-year-old female who developed a fatal dysrhythmia following release of her extremity from prolonged entrapment in bathroom safety equipment. Hyperkalemia should be presumed in any crush injury and be treated empirically and aggressively. Although tourniquet application prior to extrication is not widely recommended to prevent CS, it should be considered in prolonged extremity entrapment.
- Emphysematous pyelonephritis: Case report and literature overview. [Journal Article]
- UUrologia 2018; 85(3):123-126
- CONCLUSIONS: The widespread availability of imaging techniques leads to early diagnosis and a reduction of mortality of renal and periphrenic abscesses and even of emphysematous pyelonephritis. However, severe cases have a poor outcome and require aggressive and immediate therapy. Besides systemic antibiotic therapy and percutaneous and surgical drainage, radical nephrectomy is a viable therapy option and should be performed immediately in patients with several risk factors, poor prognosis, and extensive findings.Radical nephrectomy being performed immediately seems to be the optimal management in patients with acute emphysematous nephritis and urosepsis.
- Management of acute-on-chronic liver failure: an algorithmic approach. [Journal Article]
- HIHepatol Int 2018 Aug 16
- Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a distinct syndrome of liver failure in a patient with chronic liver disease presenting with jaundice, coagulopathy and ascites and/or hepatic encephalopathy,...
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a distinct syndrome of liver failure in a patient with chronic liver disease presenting with jaundice, coagulopathy and ascites and/or hepatic encephalopathy, developing following an acute hepatic insult and associated with high 28-day mortality. The definition though lacks global consensus, excludes patients with known distinct entities such as acute liver failure and those with end-stage liver disease. The initial Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) because of cytokine storm in relation to acute insult and/or subsequent development of sepsis due to immunoparalysis leads to extrahepatic organ failure. These cascades of events progress through a 'Golden Window' period of about 7 days, subsequent to which majority of the patients develop complications, such as sepsis and extrahepatic organ failure. Prevention of sepsis, support of organs and management of organ failure (commonly hepatic, renal, cerebral, coagulation) and early referral for transplant is crucial. The APASL ACLF research consortium (AARC) liver failure score is a dynamic prognostic model for management decisions and is superior to existing models. Aggressive multidisciplinary approach can lead to a transplant-free survival in nearly half of the cases. The present review provides an algorithmic approach to management of organ failure, sepsis prevention, use of dynamic prognostic models for management decision and is aimed to improve the skills for managing and improving the outcomes of such critically ill patients.
- Antibiotic Dosing in Sustained Low-Efficiency Dialysis in Critically Ill Patients. [Review]
- CJCan J Kidney Health Dis 2018; 5:2054358118792229
- Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) is increasingly used as a renal replacement modality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and hemodynamic instability. There is, therefor...
Sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) is increasingly used as a renal replacement modality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) and hemodynamic instability. There is, therefore, a greater need for the understanding of the antibiotic dosage and pharmacokinetics in these patients, to provide them with optimal therapy.
- Effect of Rosuvastatin on Acute Kidney Injury in Sepsis-Associated Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. [Journal Article]
- CJCan J Kidney Health Dis 2018; 5:2054358118789158
- CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with rosuvastatin in patients with sepsis-associated ARDS did not protect against de novo AKI or worsening of preexisting AKI.
- Acute Hepatic Failure and Epididymitis in a Hispanic Patient With Active Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Med Res 2018; 10(9):722-724
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease known to affect a variety of organ systems. Patients with SLE are more prone to developing common infections that can mimic the complicatio...
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease known to affect a variety of organ systems. Patients with SLE are more prone to developing common infections that can mimic the complications of SLE. As such, it is essential to differentiate complications of SLE from infection to ensure appropriate management and to improve morbidity and mortality of this patient population. Here we present a 24-year-old, Hispanic male, with SLE complicated by dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient presented to the emergency room with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and admitted to the medicine service. Initial evaluation showed hypoalbuminemia coupled with elevated transaminases, INR, and total bilirubin consistent with acute liver failure. Further evaluation was negative for viral, toxic, metabolic, or vascular causes of acute failure. The patient was diagnosed with lupus hepatitis and associated acute hepatic failure, and started on high dose prednisone (60 mg daily). Complete resolution of liver function and symptoms was observed within 1 week at follow-up. The patient was readmitted 2 weeks after discharge with left scrotal pain and swelling after abruptly decreasing the prescribed prednisone dose 3 days after discharge. Physical exam and scrotal ultrasound in the emergency department were consistent with epididymitis. Urinalysis, urine culture, and gonorrhea and chlamydia PCR were all negative. Without evidence of infection, and upon reconfirmation of low serum complement levels, the patient was diagnosed with lupus epididymitis and restarted on high dose prednisone. Complete resolution of symptoms was attained within 1 week at follow-up. This case emphasizes the importance of differentiating the clinical manifestations of SLE from infection and the complexity of disease presentation in Hispanic patients.
- Adjuvant rhubarb alleviates organs dysfunction and inhibits inflammation in heat stroke. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 16(2):1493-1498
- The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of adjuvant rhubarb on the recovery of patients with heat stroke. A total of 85 patients with heat stroke were randomly assigned to two tre...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of adjuvant rhubarb on the recovery of patients with heat stroke. A total of 85 patients with heat stroke were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: One group receiving conventional treatment for heat stroke (conventional group) and one group receiving rhubarb supplement in addition to conventional treatment (rhubarb group). Liver and kidney function parameters, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores, plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and venous white blood cell count (WBC) were analyzed. The length of stay in the intensive care units (ICUs) and hospital were recorded. Kaplan-Meier curves were drawn to determine the 30-day survival of the patients. The results indicated that rhubarb supplementation significantly reduced the WBC, as well as CRP, PCT and IL-6 levels at treatment days 3-5. Furthermore, rhubarb intake was observed to limit heat stroke-induced damage to liver and kidney function by decreasing the abnormally high levels of plasma aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and creatinine. Finally, patients in the rhubarb group had shorter ICU and hospital stays as well as a lower APACHE II score than those in the conventional group. However, no significant difference in the 30-day mortality rate was observed between the two groups. In conclusion, rhubarb intake provided a significant benefit for patients with heat stroke by inhibiting systemic inflammation and mitigating liver and kidney injury.
New Search Next
- Communication and ciprofloxacin-associated acute kidney injury. [Review]
- APAust Prescr 2018; 41(4):122