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- A previous approach (Hancock, R. D.; Bartolotti, L. J. Inorg. Chem. 2005, 44, 7175) using DFT calculations to predict log K1 (formation constant) values for complexes of NH3 in aqueous solution was u…
A previous approach (Hancock, R. D.; Bartolotti, L. J. Inorg. Chem. 2005, 44, 7175) using DFT calculations to predict log K1 (formation constant) values for complexes of NH3 in aqueous solution was used to examine the solution chemistry of Rg(I) (element 111), which is a congener of Cu(I), Ag(I), and Au(I) in Group 1B. Rg(I) has as its most stable presently known isotope a t(1/2) of 3.6 s, so that its solution chemistry is not easily accessible. LFER (Linear free energy relationships) were established between DeltaE(g) calculated by DFT for the formation of monoamine complexes from the aquo ions in the gas phase, and DeltaG(aq) for the formation of the corresponding complexes in aqueous solution. For M2+, M3+, and M4+ ions, the gas-phase reaction was [M(H2O)6]n+(g) + NH3(g) = [M(H2O)5NH3]n+(g) + H2O(g) (1), while for M+ ions, the reaction was [M(H2O)2]+(g) + NH3(g) = [M(H2O)NH3]+(g) + H2O(g) (2). A value for DeltaG(aq) and for DeltaE for the formation of M = Cu2+ in reaction 1, not obtained previously, was calculated by DFT and shown to correlate well with the LFER obtained previously for other M2+ ions, supporting the LFER approach used here. The simpler use of DeltaE values instead of DeltaG(aq) values calculated by DFT for formation of monoamine complexes in the gas phase leads to LFER as good as the DeltaG-based correlations. Values of DeltaE were calculated by DFT to construct LFER with M+ = H+, and the Group 1B metal ions Cu+, Ag+, Au+, and Rg+, and with L = NH3, H2S, and PH3 in reaction 3: [M(H2O)2]+(g) + L(g) = [M(H2O)L]+g) + H2O(g) (3). Correlations involving DeltaE calculated by DMol3 for H+, Cu+, Ag+, and Au+ could reliably be used to construct LFER and estimate unknown log K1 values for Rg(I) complexes of NH3, PH3, and H2S calculated using the ADF (Amsterdam Density Functional) code. Log K1 values for Rg(I) complexes are predicted that suggest the Rg(I) ion to be a very strong Lewis acid that is extremely "soft" in the Pearson hard and soft acids and bases sense.