- Myocardial Extracellular Volume Fraction Allows Differentiation of Reversible Versus Irreversible Myocardial Damage and Prediction of Adverse Left Ventricular Remodeling of ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction. [Journal Article]J Magn Reson Imaging 2020JM
- CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic temporal changes in reversibly and irreversibly damaged myocardia were differentiated via native T1 and ECV mapping after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in STEMI patients. ECV may better reflect microvascular injury severity and myocardial viability. MI with higher native T1 and ECV or with severe microvascular injury (MVO and IMH) was correlated with adverse LV remodeling.
- Estimation of apolipoprotein A in early onset ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. [Journal Article]Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab 2019; 8(4):106-108CE
- CONCLUSIONS: Lower levels of apolipoprotein A are significantly related to conventional risk factors in early onset ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. This apolipoprotein A that particularly develops in young patients with clustering of traditional cardiovascular risk factors should be targeted. Further studies are warranted to determine the diagnostic and prognostic indicators of this apolipoprotein in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
- A Rare Case of Vasospastic Angina Presenting with Inferior Lead ST-segment Elevation and Ventricular Fibrillation in the Absence of Coronary Obstruction: A Case Report. [Case Reports]Cureus 2019; 11(12):e6332C
- Vasospastic angina (VSA) is a variant form of angina pectoris, which occurs at night or at rest, with transient electrocardiogram modifications and preserved exercise capacity. Its association with stable angina, sudden cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmia, and syncope has previously been established. Its presentation can occur with or without existing coronary artery disease and ma…
Vasospastic angina (VSA) is a variant form of angina pectoris, which occurs at night or at rest, with transient electrocardiogram modifications and preserved exercise capacity. Its association with stable angina, sudden cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, arrhythmia, and syncope has previously been established. Its presentation can occur with or without existing coronary artery disease and may present with focal or diffuse alteration and dysfunction of the coronary vasculature. VSA diagnosis involves patient response to nitrates, transient ischemic electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and coronary artery spasms. The mechanisms proposed to constitute the substrate for susceptibility to VSA include vascular smooth muscle cell hyperreactivity, endothelial dysfunction, magnesium deficiency, low-grade inflammation, altered autonomic nervous system response, hypothyroidism, and oxidative stress. Herein, we present the rare case of a patient with ST-segment elevation in the inferior leads, increased troponin, and an episode of ventricular fibrillation initially thought to be due to lateral wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), although it was revealed to be vasospastic angina. We will also review the literature. Vasospastic angina remains underdiagnosed and a timely diagnosis is crucial to prevent major cardiac events. In patients with diffuse ST-segment elevation on ECG (independently of angiographic findings), VSA should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses and treated if found to be the cause of pathological changes.
- ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Contemporary Management From the Multicenter START Registry. [Journal Article]J Invasive Cardiol 2020JI
- CONCLUSIONS: Short-term survival for patients with STEMI and OHCA undergoing emergent coronary angiography and revascularization with TTM in this contemporary, multicenter registry was high and neurologic outcome was good in more than half of patients.
- Impact of Right Atrial Physiology on Heart Failure and Adverse Events after Myocardial Infarction. [Journal Article]J Clin Med 2020; 9(1)JC
- Background: Right ventricular (RV) function is a known predictor of adverse events in heart failure and following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). While right atrial (RA) involvement is well characterized in pulmonary arterial hypertension, its relative contributions to adverse events following AMI especially in patients with heart failure and congestion need further evaluation. Methods: In th…
Background: Right ventricular (RV) function is a known predictor of adverse events in heart failure and following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). While right atrial (RA) involvement is well characterized in pulmonary arterial hypertension, its relative contributions to adverse events following AMI especially in patients with heart failure and congestion need further evaluation. Methods: In this cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-substudy of AIDA STEMI and TATORT NSTEMI, 1235 AMI patients underwent CMR after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in 15 centers across Germany (n = 795 with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and 440 with non-ST-elevation MI). Right atrial (RA) performance was evaluated using CMR myocardial feature tracking (CMR-FT) for the assessment of RA reservoir (total strain εs), conduit (passive strain εe), booster pump function (active strain εa), and associated strain rates (SR) in a blinded core-laboratory. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) 12 months post AMI. Results: RA reservoir (εsp = 0.061, SRs p = 0.049) and conduit functions (εep = 0.006, SRe p = 0.030) were impaired in patients with MACE as opposed to RA booster pump (εap = 0.579, SRa p = 0.118) and RA volume index (p = 0.866). RA conduit function was associated with the clinical onset of heart failure and MACE independently of RV systolic function and atrial fibrillation (AF) (multivariable analysis hazard ratio 0.95, 95% confidence interval 0.92 to 0.99, p = 0.009), while RV systolic function and AF were not independent prognosticators. Furthermore, RA conduit strain identified low- and high-risk groups within patients with reduced RV systolic function (p = 0.019 on log rank testing). Conclusions: RA impairment is a distinct feature and independent risk factor in patients following AMI and can be easily assessed using CMR-FT-derived quantification of RA strain.
- Genetic polymorphisms of UTS2 rs2890565 Ser89Asn in coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction in Chinese population. [Journal Article]Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2018; 11(4):2125-2136IJ
- CONCLUSIONS: Ser89Asn (S89N) polymorphisms of the UTS2 gene were significantly associated with coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction in Chinese population. Additionally, we demonstrated that Genotype Asn89Asn may imply a potential benefit role for myocardial infarction.
- Predicting factors for long-term survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest - A propensity score-matched analysis. [Journal Article]PLoS One 2020; 15(1):e0218634Plos
- CONCLUSIONS: In our study, immediate CAG, ROSC at admission, witnessed arrest and former smoking were independent predictors of survival in cardiac arrest survivors. Improvement in prehospital management including bystander CPR and best practice post-resuscitation care with optimized triage of patients to an early invasive strategy may help ameliorate overall outcome of this critically-ill patient population.
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- It is time to focus on pre-hospital delays in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. [Editorial]Korean J Intern Med 2020; 35(1):60-61KJ