- Night work effects on salivary cytokines TNF, IL-1β and IL-6. [Journal Article]
- CIChronobiol Int 2018 Sep 19; :1-16
- Shift work is unavoidable in modern societies, but at the same time disrupts biological rhythms and contributes to social distress and disturbance of sleep, health and well-being of shift workers. Sh...
Shift work is unavoidable in modern societies, but at the same time disrupts biological rhythms and contributes to social distress and disturbance of sleep, health and well-being of shift workers. Shift work has been associated with some chronic diseases in which a chronic inflammatory condition may play a role. However, few studies investigating the association of cytokine and other inflammation markers with shift workers have been published in recent years. In this study we evaluated the effects of permanent night work on the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and melatonin in saliva. Another aim was to demonstrate the benefit of the use of salivary cytokines for studies in chronobiology, since it is an easy and non-invasive method that allows for sampling at several times. Thirty-eight healthy male workers, being 21 day workers and 17 night workers, agreed to participate in this study. Sleep was evaluated by actigraphy and activity protocols. Saliva was collected during three workdays approximately at the middle of the work shift and at bed and wake times of the main sleep episode. Saliva samples were then analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure TNF, IL-1β, IL-6 and melatonin levels, and the results were submitted to non-parametric statistical analysis. The use of saliva instead of blood allowed for a greater number of samples from the same subjects, allowing identifying alterations in the daily production patterns of salivary cytokines TNF, IL-1β and IL-6 that probably are linked to night work. Salivary TNF and IL-1β levels were similar for day and night workers, with higher daily production after awakening, in the morning hours for day workers and in the afternoon for night workers. Both groups presented a significant daily variation pattern of these two cytokines. Day and night workers produced similar amounts of salivary IL-6. Nevertheless, the daily variation pattern observed among day workers, with a peak after awakening, was absent among night workers. Thus, in our study, night workers showed partially adjusted daily variation patterns for salivary TNF and IL-1β, not seen for salivary IL-6. Results for salivary IL-6 could be better explained as a consequence of circadian disruption due to permanent night work. Our results suggest that the whole circadian system, including clocks and pineal gland, is involved in regulating cytokine profile in shift workers and that a coordinated production of these cytokines, important for an adequate inflammatory response, could be disturbed by shift work. The distinct effects that shift work may have on different cytokines could give some cues about the mechanisms involved in this association.
- Nasopharyngeal Salivary Gland Anlage Tumour: A rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress. [Journal Article]
- SQSultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2018; 18(2):e211-e214
- A salivary gland anlage tumour (SGAT) is a very rare type of benign tumour that usually presents in early infancy with respiratory distress which is exacerbated upon feeding. We report a full-term ma...
A salivary gland anlage tumour (SGAT) is a very rare type of benign tumour that usually presents in early infancy with respiratory distress which is exacerbated upon feeding. We report a full-term male neonate who was referred to the Al Nahdha Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with severe neonatal respiratory distress due to a nasopharyngeal obstruction immediately after birth. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a well-circumscribed mass in the nasopharynx, without intracranial extension. Histopathological analysis of the lesion confirmed a diagnosis of SGAT. Following excision of the tumour, the postoperative period was uneventful. No recurrence was observed over the next two years. This case report highlights the importance of the early recognition of this extremely rare and potentially life-threatening, yet easily curable, condition.
- A Transgenic MMTV-Flippase Mouse Line for Molecular Engineering in Mammary Gland and Breast Cancer Mouse Models. [Review]
- JMJ Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 2018 Sep 12
- Genetically engineered mouse models have become an indispensable tool for breast cancer research. Combination of multiple site-specific recombination systems such as Cre/loxP and Flippase (Flp)/Frt a...
Genetically engineered mouse models have become an indispensable tool for breast cancer research. Combination of multiple site-specific recombination systems such as Cre/loxP and Flippase (Flp)/Frt allows for engineering of sophisticated, multi-layered conditional mouse models. Here, we report the generation and characterization of a novel transgenic mouse line expressing a mouse codon-optimized Flp under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter. These mice show robust Flp-mediated recombination in luminal mammary gland and breast cancer cells but no Flp activity in non-mammary tissues, with the exception of limited activity in salivary glands. These mice provide a unique tool for studying mammary gland biology and carcinogenesis in mice.
- Zebrafish blastomere screen identifies retinoic acid suppression of MYB in adenoid cystic carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Exp Med 2018 Sep 12
- Pluripotent cells have been used to probe developmental pathways that are involved in genetic diseases and oncogenic events. To find new therapies that would target MYB-driven tumors, we developed a ...
Pluripotent cells have been used to probe developmental pathways that are involved in genetic diseases and oncogenic events. To find new therapies that would target MYB-driven tumors, we developed a pluripotent zebrafish blastomere culture system. We performed a chemical genetic screen and identified retinoic acid agonists as suppressors of c-myb expression. Retinoic acid treatment also decreased c-myb gene expression in human leukemia cells. Translocations that drive overexpression of the oncogenic transcription factor MYB are molecular hallmarks of adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), a malignant salivary gland tumor with no effective therapy. Retinoic acid agonists inhibited tumor growth in vivo in ACC patient-derived xenograft models and decreased MYB binding at translocated enhancers, thereby potentially diminishing the MYB positive feedback loop driving ACC. Our findings establish the zebrafish pluripotent cell culture system as a method to identify modulators of tumor formation, particularly establishing retinoic acid as a potential new effective therapy for ACC.
- The MYB/miR-130a/NDRG2 axis modulates tumor proliferation and metastatic potential in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- CDCell Death Dis 2018 Sep 11; 9(9):917
- Increasing evidence has emerged to suggest that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) dysregulation participates in a number of tumor biological processes. However, the role of NDRG2 and miRNA-me...
Increasing evidence has emerged to suggest that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) dysregulation participates in a number of tumor biological processes. However, the role of NDRG2 and miRNA-mediated NDRG2 regulation in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) progression remain unknown. Here, we determined that SACC tissues exhibited decreased level of NDRG2, which was associated with poorer rates of overall survival and distant metastasis-free survival. Silencing NDRG2 promoted SACC cell proliferation and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. MiRNAs have been reported as vital regulators of NDRG2 expression. Based on micronome sequencing of three paired samples of SACC and normal salivary gland tissue and on an online database analysis, miR-130a was identified as a candidate miRNA that potentially regulates NDRG2. We demonstrated that the expression level of NDRG2 was dramatically reduced by exogenous miR-130a. Moreover, a luciferase assay further validated that miR-130a could degrade NDRG2 mRNA by targeting sites in the NDRG2 3'UTR. A rescue experiment suggested that NDRG2 expression could reverse the miR-130a-mediated promotion of cell proliferation and invasion. The expression of miR-130a has been reported to be regulated by certain transcription factors. In the preset study, we verified that the transcription factor MYB acted as the critical driver in SACC-upregulated miR-130a expression directly and induced NDRG2 downregulation in SACC tissues. Additionally, MYB/miR-130a activated the STAT3 and AKT pathways by downregulating NDRG2. These observations suggest that the MYB/miR-130a/NDRG2 axis, which modulates proliferation and metastasis in SACC, provides promising targets for the treatment of SACC.
- Immunohistochemical study of the expression of human chorionic gonadotropin-β in salivary gland tumors. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cancer Res Ther 2018 Jul-Sep; 14(5):952-956
- CONCLUSIONS: The presence of hCGβ positive tumor cells appears to potentially reflect the aggressive behavior of MEC and ACC.
- Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102). [Journal Article]
- EREnviron Res 2018 Jul 17
- Epidemiology studies (case-control, cohort, time trend and case studies) published since the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 2011 categorization of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) f...
Epidemiology studies (case-control, cohort, time trend and case studies) published since the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 2011 categorization of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) from mobile phones and other wireless devices as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B) are reviewed and summarized. Glioma is an important human cancer found to be associated with RFR in 9 case-control studies conducted in Sweden and France, as well as in some other countries. Increasing glioma incidence trends have been reported in the UK and other countries. Non-malignant endpoints linked include acoustic neuroma (vestibular Schwannoma) and meningioma. Because they allow more detailed consideration of exposure, case-control studies can be superior to cohort studies or other methods in evaluating potential risks for brain cancer. When considered with recent animal experimental evidence, the recent epidemiological studies strengthen and support the conclusion that RFR should be categorized as carcinogenic to humans (IARC Group 1). Opportunistic epidemiological studies are proposed that can be carried out through cross-sectional analyses of high, medium, and low mobile phone users with respect to hearing, vision, memory, reaction time, and other indicators that can easily be assessed through standardized computer-based tests. As exposure data are not uniformly available, billing records should be used whenever available to corroborate reported exposures.
- Surgical treatment results of parapharyngeal space tumors: a report of 22 cases. [Journal Article]
- OPOtolaryngol Pol 2018 May 16; 72(4):9-16
- CONCLUSIONS: Due to the anatomical topography of PPS and its content with the essential vessels and the lower group of cranial nerves, the surgical treatment of pathology of this area is still a challenge for head and neck surgeons. The decrease of voice quality and impaired speech and swallowing should always be considered as complications post the surgical resection in PPS.
- Hemorrhage of MRI and Immunohistochemical Panels Distinguish Secretory Carcinoma From Acinic Cell Carcinoma. [Journal Article]
- LILaryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2018; 3(4):268-274
- CONCLUSIONS: Hemorrhage with hemosiderin deposition is frequently present in SC, and hemorrhage findings in MRI and an immunohistochemical panels for S-100, mammaglobin and DOG1 can distinguish SC from ACC.
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- PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [BOOK]
- BOOKNational Cancer Institute (US): Bethesda (MD)
- This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the treatment of unusual cancers of childhood. It is intended as a...
This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the treatment of unusual cancers of childhood. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions. This summary is reviewed regularly and updated as necessary by the PDQ Pediatric Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or the National Institutes of Health (NIH).