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(Swine Influenza)
74,342 results
  • JMM Profile: Swine influenza A virus: a neglected virus with pandemic potential. [Journal Article]
    J Med Microbiol. 2023 Jan; 72(1)Mollett BC, Everett HE, … Banyard AC
  • Swine influenza is an acute respiratory disease of swine caused by swine influenza A virus (SwIAV). The ability of SwIAV to spread bidirectionally from animals to humans (zoonotic), and from humans to animals (reverse zoonotic), drives coinfection that can result in gene segment exchange and elevates the risk of generating viruses with pandemic potential. Compared to human-origin influenza A viru…
  • [Annual update of pulmonary infectious diseases in 2022]. [Review]
    Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 2023 Feb 12; 46(2):168-171.Yang QY, Qu JM
  • In 2022, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains rampant across the world. Several remarkable studies concerning pulmonary infectious diseases have been published during this pandemic. This review summarized the representative academic and translational medical progress over the past year (from October 1, 2021, to September 30, 2022), including COVID-19, community/hospital-acquired pneumonia,…
  • Encephalitis lethargica. What is still wrong? [Historical Article]
    Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2023 Jan-Dec; 37:3946320231154997.Di Vito A, Donato A, … Donato G
  • Encephalitis lethargica developed in epidemic from 1919 to 1926 in Europe and throughout the world. From the clinical point of view, the disturbances of consciousness and alertness and the possible outcomes of a postencephalitic Parkinsonism has attracted much attention. For a long time, it was thought that such a disease may still occur sporadically. In this review, the authors examined historic…
  • Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses. [Review]
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2023 Jan 30; 1(1):CD006207.Jefferson T, Dooley L, … Conly JM
  • CONCLUSIONS: The high risk of bias in the trials, variation in outcome measurement, and relatively low adherence with the interventions during the studies hampers drawing firm conclusions. There were additional RCTs during the pandemic related to physical interventions but a relative paucity given the importance of the question of masking and its relative effectiveness and the concomitant measures of mask adherence which would be highly relevant to the measurement of effectiveness, especially in the elderly and in young children. There is uncertainty about the effects of face masks. The low to moderate certainty of evidence means our confidence in the effect estimate is limited, and that the true effect may be different from the observed estimate of the effect. The pooled results of RCTs did not show a clear reduction in respiratory viral infection with the use of medical/surgical masks. There were no clear differences between the use of medical/surgical masks compared with N95/P2 respirators in healthcare workers when used in routine care to reduce respiratory viral infection. Hand hygiene is likely to modestly reduce the burden of respiratory illness, and although this effect was also present when ILI and laboratory-confirmed influenza were analysed separately, it was not found to be a significant difference for the latter two outcomes. Harms associated with physical interventions were under-investigated. There is a need for large, well-designed RCTs addressing the effectiveness of many of these interventions in multiple settings and populations, as well as the impact of adherence on effectiveness, especially in those most at risk of ARIs.
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