- Concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome and pulmonary arterial hypertension in a Japanese woman. [Journal Article]
- EJEndocr J 2018 Feb 16
- We describe a very rare case of concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A previously healthy 65-year-old Japanese woman was referr...
We describe a very rare case of concurrent variant type 3 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A previously healthy 65-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our university hospital with a 2-month history of general fatigue and hyperglycemia. Laboratory tests revealed severe hyperglycemia (plasma glucose 543 mg/dL and HbA1c 10.7%) with ketonuria (3+). Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and IA-2 antibodies were positive, and the serum C peptide level was markedly decreased to 0.2 ng/mL. Accordingly, type 1 diabetes was diagnosed. Hashimoto's thyroiditis was also diagnosed because she had a diffuse goiter and a mild hypothyroidism (TSH 8.20 μU/mL, and FT4 0.80 ng/mL) with positive autoantibodies for thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin. There was neither adrenal insufficiency nor hypocalcemia. In addition, chest X ray showed a suspicious PAH by a dilation of both pulmonary arteries, especially right descending artery, and right heart catheterization confirmed the presence of PAH. HLA Class II genotyping revealed DRB1-DQB1*0901-*0303, a common susceptibility haplotype in Japanese patients with type 3 APS or acute-onset type 1 diabetes. The combination of variant type 3 APS and PAH is extremely rare and to the best of knowledge, this is the first case reported in a Japanese patient.
- Two-stage hepatectomy aiming for the development of intrahepatic venous collaterals for multiple colorectal liver metastases. [Journal Article]
- SCSurg Case Rep 2018 Feb 16; 4(1):17
- CONCLUSIONS: Our TSH strategy helped avoid POLF by waiting for the development of intrahepatic venous collaterals.
- Does rituximab improve clinical outcomes of patients with thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy? A systematic review and meta-analysis. [Journal Article]
- BOBMC Ophthalmol 2018 Feb 17; 18(1):46
- CONCLUSIONS: The pooled data suggested that the preliminary effects of RTX treatment on TAO might be promising. However, more large-sample and high-quality studies targeting RTX use during this disease and long-term surveillance of prognosis are urgently needed.
- The effect of Metformin treatment in obese insulin-resistant patients with euthyroid goiter. [Journal Article]
- ACActa Clin Belg 2018 Feb 16; :1-7
- Objective The study's objective was to evaluate the thyroid parameters in obese insulin-resistant patients with euthyroid diffuse or nodular goiter, following Metformin treatment. Patients and method...
Objective The study's objective was to evaluate the thyroid parameters in obese insulin-resistant patients with euthyroid diffuse or nodular goiter, following Metformin treatment. Patients and methods The study was experimental, open, and prospective. Fifty-three patients aged 18-68 were enrolled for two years. Obese insulin-resistant patients (cut-off Homeostasis-Model-Assessment of Insulin Resistance-HOMA-IR ≥ 2.5) with euthyroid nodular/diffuse goiter were included. Subjects with diabetes, hypo-/hyper-thyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis, psychiatric disorders, liver or heart failure were excluded. Patients were randomly assigned to one of the following treatment: Metformin 1000 mg/day + Levothyroxine 25 μg/day (M + LT4 group) and only Levothyroxine 25 μg/day (LT4 group). Thyroid and metabolic parameters' evolution was investigated over six months. Results The two groups were comparable at baseline (p ≥ 0.10). TSH, waist/hip ratio (WHR), visceral fat thickness (VFT), insulin, and HOMA-IR decreased significantly more in M + LT4 group compared to LT4 group. TSH decrease correlated with WHR reduction (p = 0.002) only in M + LT4 group. Moreover, the multivariate regression analysis revealed that insulin's and HOMA-IR levels' decrease was an independent factor associated with FT4's increase (p = 0.031, p = 0.033) just in M + LT4 group. No other independent association between the evolution (Δ) of TSH, thyroid volume (TTV), thyroid nodules-maximum diameter (TN-MD), and metabolic parameters was found. In addition, no significant threshold between groups was reached when ΔFT4, ΔTTV, ΔTN-MD were compared (p > 0.07), although their significant improvement was recorded between the baseline and the follow-up moment in each group (p < 0.003). Conclusion Metformin added to obese insulin-resistant patients treated with Levothyroxine for diffuse/nodular goiter determined a significant decrease in TSH and metabolic parameters, compared to those treated with Levothyroxine alone, but no significant difference regarding thyroid morphology after 6 months.
- Gestational age, not transient hyperthyrotropinemia impacts brain white matter diffusion tensor imaging in premature infants. [Journal Article]
- ETExp Ther Med 2018; 15(1):1013-1020
- Transient hypothyroidism is common in premature infants and increases the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Thyroid hormone (TH) is involved in oligodendrocyte development and myelination,...
Transient hypothyroidism is common in premature infants and increases the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Thyroid hormone (TH) is involved in oligodendrocyte development and myelination, however, whether transient hypothyroidism is associated with oligodendrocyte dysplasia and abnormal myelination is unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate correlations among TH levels, neurodevelopmental outcomes and white matter (WM) microstructure in premature infants. The authors designed a cohort study recruiting 81 premature infants (age, 23-35 weeks). A total of 17 were born with a gestational age (GA) <30 weeks (early preterm group) and 64 of them were born with a GA ≥30 weeks (late preterm group). For outcome measurement, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels at 0, 18, and 24 h of admission were measured. Neurodevelopmental outcomes were assessed using Bayley III test. Diffusion tensor imaging was used to explore the characterization of WM microstructure. The data demonstrated that GA, however not TSH level was associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes in the following 2 years. Fractional anisotrophy (FA) increased with TSH0 levels over anterior limb of internal capsule, while axial diffusivity decreased with TSH0 levels over splenium of corpus callosum (CC). The late preterm group had more intact WM integrity over the internal and external capsule (EC) in FA compared with the early preterm group. Infants with motor dysfunction had significantly increased mean diffusivity (MD) values at regions of interest in the genu and splenium of CC. The results of the present study demonstrated that GA, however not transient hypothyroidism influenced neurodevelopmental outcomes in the premature infants. FA increased with age in a regionally-specific manner over regions of the internal capsule and EC. MD may act as a potential predictor for motor function in premature babies.
- A Single Session of Laser Ablation for Toxic Thyroid Nodules: Three-year Follow up Results. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Hyperthermia 2018 Feb 06; :1-16
- CONCLUSIONS: Single session of LA of toxic thyroid nodules is effective and safe, especially in nodules with a volume under 15 ml.
- Beneficial effects of thyroid hormone on adipose inflammation and insulin sensitivity of obese Wistar rats. [Journal Article]
- PRPhysiol Rep 2018; 6(3)
- Thyroid hormones play an important role in glucose metabolism and there is evidence of increased prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in obese and diabetic patients. This study aimed at evaluating the t...
Thyroid hormones play an important role in glucose metabolism and there is evidence of increased prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in obese and diabetic patients. This study aimed at evaluating the thyroid function and the effects of the triiodothyronine (T3) treatment on glycemia control, insulin sensitivity and subclinical inflammation in cafeteria-diet-induced obesity in rats. Obesity was induced in male Wistar rats by offering a cafeteria diet and a subset of the obese rats was treated with T3 (1.5 μg per 100 g of body weight) for a 28-day period. The pituitary-thyroid axis was evaluated by molecular and biochemical parameters. Cytokine content was measured in the serum as well as in the mesenteric and epididymal white adipose tissue. Obese rats exhibited impairment of glycemia control, increased content of inflammatory cytokines in mesenteric white adipose tissue, decreased serum thyrotropin (TSH) concentration and increased sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) and TSH receptor (TSHR) protein content in thyroid gland. T3 treatment improved insulin sensitivity, glucose tolerance, and reduced inflammatory cytokine content in mesenteric white adipose tissue. In the thyroid gland NIS, TSHR, and thyroperoxidase (TPO) content were reduced while thyroglobulin (TG) content was increased by T3. The thyrotrophic response to negative feedback exerted by T3 was preserved in obese rats. The present data reinforce the beneficial effects of T3 treatment of obese rats on the improvement of insulin sensitivity and on the negative modulation of inflammatory cytokine expression in adipose tissue. Moreover, we have evidenced that the pituitary-thyroid axis is affected in obese rats, as illustrated by the impaired TSH secretion.
- Aberrant Iodine Autoregulation Induces Hypothyroidism in a Mouse Strain in the Absence of Thyroid Autoimmunity. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Endocr Soc 2018 Jan 01; 2(1):63-76
- We investigated factors underlying the varying effects of a high dietary iodide intake on serum T4 levels in a wide spectrum of mouse strains, including thyroiditis-susceptible NOD.H2h4, NOD.H2k, and...
We investigated factors underlying the varying effects of a high dietary iodide intake on serum T4 levels in a wide spectrum of mouse strains, including thyroiditis-susceptible NOD.H2h4, NOD.H2k, and NOD mice, as well as other strains (BALB/c, C57BL/6, NOD.Lc7, and B10.A4R) not previously investigated. Mice were maintained for up to 8 months on control or iodide-supplemented water (NaI 0.05%). On iodized water, serum T4 was reduced in BALB/c (males and females) in association with colloid goiters but was not significantly changed in mice that developed thyroiditis, namely NOD.H2h4 (males and females) or male NOD.H2k mice. Neither goiters nor decreased T4 developed in C57BL/6, NOD, NOD.Lc7, or B10.A4R female mice. In further studies, we focused on males in the BALB/c and NOD.H2h4 strains that demonstrated a large divergence in the T4 response to excess iodide. Excess iodide ingestion increased serum TSH levels to the same extent in both strains, yet thyroidal sodium iodide symporter (NIS) messenger RNA (mRNA) levels (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) revealed greatly divergent responses. NOD.H2h4 mice that remained euthyroid displayed a physiological NIS iodine autoregulatory response, whereas NIS mRNA was inappropriately elevated in BALB/c mice that became hypothyroid. Thus, autoimmune thyroiditis-prone NOD.H2h4 mice adapted normally to a high iodide intake, presumably by escape from the Wolff-Chaikoff block. In contrast, BALB/c mice that did not spontaneously develop thyroiditis failed to escape from this block and became hypothyroid. These data in mice may provide insight into the mechanism by which iodide-induced hypothyroidism occurs in some humans without an underlying thyroid disorder.
- A High Fat Diet Rich in Saturated and Mono-Unsaturated Fatty Acids Induces Disturbance of Thyroid Lipid Profile and Hypothyroxinemia in Male Rats. [Journal Article]
- MNMol Nutr Food Res 2018 Jan 23
- CONCLUSIONS: Excess intake of dietary fat induces disturbance of thyroid lipid profile and hypothyroxinemia, indicating thyroid dysfunction. We speculate that it may provide a new prospect in understanding the pathogenesis of hypothyroidism. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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- Reference intervals for thyrotropin in an area of Northern Italy: the Pordenone thyroid study (TRIPP). [Journal Article]
- JEJ Endocrinol Invest 2018 Jan 16
- CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to analyze a high percentage (40%) of individuals from an ethnically homogenous Caucasian population. The results obtained emphasize the opportunity to define the TSH RIs according to age, gender and race, in addition to assay methods, and provide further insight about the possible role of iodine status.