- Variation of the PR interval for confirming ventricular pre-excitation on a 12-lead ECG. [Journal Article]
- OMOxf Med Case Reports 2018; 2018(10):omy064
- We present the case of a 14-year-old female patient with recurrent episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Her ECG showed a PR interval of 160 ms in lead II, and a delta wave patt...
We present the case of a 14-year-old female patient with recurrent episodes of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Her ECG showed a PR interval of 160 ms in lead II, and a delta wave pattern in leads V2 and V3, with a normal QRS interval of 100 ms. We analyzed the three criteria for confirmation of minimal pre-excitation: (i) absence of a Q wave in V6; (ii) presence of an R wave in V1 and (iii) absence of an R wave in avR. The 3 criteria were not met and failed to establish a diagnosis of ventricular pre-excitation. The electrophysiological study confirmed the presence of a left accessory pathway. A new criterion was analyzed: the variation of the PR interval on the same ECG. A difference of >30 ms was successful to confirm the presence of an accessory pathway before ablation and its absence after catheter ablation.
- Completely Non-Fluoroscopic Catheter Ablation of Left Atrial Arrhythmias and Ventricular Tachycardia. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2018 Sep 11
- CONCLUSIONS: NFA of most complex arrhythmias (persistent AF, LA flutter, and structural VT) is feasible, with a modest learning curve and no increase in procedural times. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Hospitalization rate of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in Sweden. [Journal Article]
- AMAnn Med 2018 Sep 07; :1-29
- CONCLUSIONS: This study showed a slight preponderance for females and stable hospitalization rate of PSVT over time; the hospitalization rate increased with age. A high proportion of PSVT patients had no comorbidities. They were affected at a younger age than patients with comorbidities, which suggests an inherent predisposition.
- The coexistence of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). [Journal Article]
- TJTurk J Emerg Med 2018; 18(3):131-133
- Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common type of reentrant paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia that occurs in the presence of dual AV nodal physiology. Wolff-Parkin...
Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common type of reentrant paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia that occurs in the presence of dual AV nodal physiology. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome is another type of supraventricular tachycardia characterized by short PR intervals, delta waves and wide QRS complexes on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG), reflecting atrioventricular pre-excitation. Uncommonly, AV nodal reentry and accessory pathways can coexist. In this case report, we present a patient who had frequent episodes of palpitation and syncope and recently presented to the emergency department (ED) with the complaint of dizziness. We performed successful radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of mitral annulus posterolateral accessory pathway and AVNRT which was the cause of the second tachycardia induced during the same session.
- [Efficacy and safety of three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system for catheter ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in children]. [Journal Article]
- ZXZhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2018 Aug 24; 46(8):617-621
- Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system for catheter ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardiain (PSVT) children. Methods: Cli...
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system for catheter ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardiain (PSVT) children. Methods: Clinical data from 187 children with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation in our department between January 2012 and April 2016 were analyzed. Among the patients, 91 cases were treated with traditional two-dimensional X-ray radiofrequency ablation, 96 cases were treated with radiofrequency ablation guided by three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system. Postoperative electrocardiogram and echocardiography follow-up was performed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. The success rate, recurrence rate, complication rate, operation time and amount of X-ray exposure were compared between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the PSVT-free survival rate of the patients between the 2 groups. Results: The mean follow-up time was (739±92) days. The success rate (95.8%(92/96) vs. 94.5%(86/91), P=0.912), recurrence rate (5.4%(5/92) vs. 4.7%(4/86), P=0.807), complication rate (4.2%(4/96) vs. 5.5%(5/91), P=0.379), operation time ((73±31)min vs. (79±36)min, P=0.124) were similar between the two groups. However, X-ray exposure time ((8.1±2.9)min vs. (21.3±8.4)min, P=0.026), amount of X-ray ((23±11)mGy vs. (58±23)mGy, P=0.013) were significantly lower in the three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system group than in the traditional two-dimensional X-ray radio frequency ablation group. PSVT-free survival rate was similar between the two groups (χ(2)=0.060, P=0.807) . Conclusion: Three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping system is safe and effective for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia in children, and can significantly reduce the amount of radiation as compared to the traditional two-dimensional X-ray radiofrequency ablation.
- The heart in m.3243A>G carriers. [Review]
- HERZHerz 2018 Aug 20
- CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac involvement in m.3243A>G carriers has been only rarely systematically studied, which is perhaps why the incidence of cardiac diseases in MELAS is lower than would be expected. Myocardial abnormalities are much more frequent than arrhythmias or conduction defects. All symptomatic and asymptomatic m.3243A>G carriers should be systematically investigated for cardiac disease.
- Continuous Monitoring Following Second Generation Cryoballoon Ablation for Paroxysmal Atrial fibrillation: In Patients with Cardiac Implantable Electronic Devices. [Journal Article]
- HRHeart Rhythm 2018 Aug 17
- CONCLUSIONS: Although this is a selected group of patients with pre-existing CIED's, continuous monitoring showed freedom from AF in 83.3% of patients following CBA after 1 year and in 75.93% after 3 years follow-up.
- [Ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia guided by Carto Univu electroanatomic mapping system]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Jun 28; 43(6):604-609
- To explore the safety and efficacy for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) guided by Carto Univu three-dimensional mapping system. Methods: A total of 99 patient...
To explore the safety and efficacy for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) guided by Carto Univu three-dimensional mapping system. Methods: A total of 99 patients with PSVT underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were assigned to a Carto Univu group (51 patients) and a two-dimensional X-ray group (48 patients) according to the mapping method. The operation time, X-ray exposure time, X-ray exposure dose, dose area product (DAP), operation success rate and complication rate were compared between the two groups. Results: The Carto Univu group and the two-dimensional X-ray group were not significant difference in the operation time, the X-ray exposure time of placing catheter, the X-ray DAP of placing catheter, the number of discharge, the discharge power, and the total discharge time (P>0.05). The mapping and ablation time, total exposure time, mapping and ablation DAP and total DAP in the Carto Univu group were significantly lower than those in the two-dimensional X-ray group (P<0.01). In the right accessory pathway cases, the mapping and ablation DAP and the total DAP in the Carto Univu group decreased compared with X-ray group (P<0.05), but it decreased more profound (P<0.01) in the left accessory pathway cases and the dual atrioventricular nodal pathways cases. Seven cases in the Carto Univu group achieved "zero X-ray", including 5 cases of the dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and 2 cases of the left accessory pathway. The immediate success rate for the two groups was 100%. After 3-12 months of follow-up, there was no recurrence in the Carto Univu group but 3 suspected recurrences in the two-dimensional X-ray group. In addition, no complications occurred in the two groups. Conclusion: Carto Univu electroanatomic mapping system can guide PSVT safely and effectively during radiofrequency ablation and reduce radiation exposure to both doctors and patients. It is especially suitable for dual atrioventricular nodal pathways, which may even achieve "zero X-ray". Perhaps Carto Univu will be the first choice for RFCA of dual atrioventricular nodal pathways.
- Liver Fibrosis Is Associated With Corrected QT Prolongation During Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir Treatment for Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C. [Journal Article]
- HCHepatol Commun 2018; 2(8):884-892
- Combination treatment of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) is first-line treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 in the United States, Europe, and Japan. However, the influence o...
Combination treatment of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) is first-line treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 in the United States, Europe, and Japan. However, the influence of LDV/SOF on the cardiovascular system is poorly characterized. A total of 470 chronic hepatitis C patients who started LDV/SOF treatment between September 2015 and February 2016 at nine hospitals in Japan were prospectively enrolled in this study. Corrected QT (QTc) prolongation was defined as a QTc interval ≥450 milliseconds. The sustained virologic response rate was 96.0% (451/470), and the discontinuance rate due to adverse effects was 0.9% (4/470). Among 395 patients whose electrocardiogram was evaluated over time and compared with baseline, the QTc interval was significantly prolonged during treatment and returned to baseline levels 12 weeks after the end of treatment. Twenty-four of 376 patients with baseline QTc intervals <450 milliseconds experienced on-treatment QTc prolongation. Higher aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index scores (≥0.76; odds ratio, 4.375; P = 0.005) and longer QTc intervals (≥416 milliseconds; odds ratio, 4.823; P = 0.003) at baseline were significantly associated with on-treatment QTc prolongation on multivariate analysis. Patients with cirrhosis showed significantly longer QTc intervals than those without cirrhosis during treatment but not at baseline, and they developed on-treatment QTc prolongation at a higher rate than patients without cirrhosis. No cardiovascular events occurred, except for 1 patient who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. Conclusion: Newly developed QTc prolongation was observed in 6.4% of Japanese patients during treatment and was associated with more advanced fibrosis. (Hepatology Communications 2018; 00:000-000).
New Search Next
- Can an Intranasal Calcium-Channel Blocker Convert Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia and Keep the Doctor Away? [Editorial]
- JACCJ Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Jul 31; 72(5):498-500