- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura associated with dengue and chikungunya virus coinfection: case report during an epidemic period. [Journal Article]
- RIRev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2018; 60:e48
- The present report shows the occurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) associated with acute dengue and chikungunya virus coinfection, manifesting as a severe disease with high mortalit...
The present report shows the occurrence of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) associated with acute dengue and chikungunya virus coinfection, manifesting as a severe disease with high mortality potential. The patient was a 28 year-old man with clinical and epidemiological diagnosis of arboviruses infections who developed thrombocytopenia and anemia, after which oral corticosteroid therapy was started. On the third day of hospitalization, he showed neurological alterations that simulated a cerebral vascular accident, but the imaging examination did not identify ischemic or hemorrhagic alterations. At that moment, the TTP hypothesis was raised so that plasmapheresis and corticosteroid pulse therapy were started, have been essential for the favorable evolution of the case.
- Clinical efficacy and safety of sodium cantharidinate plus chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 38 randomized controlled trials. [Review]
- JCJ Clin Pharm Ther 2018 Sep 19
- CONCLUSIONS: We included 38 trials involving 2845 patients, but most trials had an unclear risk of bias. Sodium cantharidinate could increase the objective response rate (ORR) (1.52, (1.40-1.66]), disease control rate (DCR) (1.20, [1.16-1.25]) and quality of life (QOL) (1.76, [1.56-1.98]), but not the 1-year overall survival (OS) rate (1.16, [0.91-1.47]) and the 2-year OS rate (1.21, [0.51-2.91]). Subgroup analysis revealed that sodium cantharidinate and vitamin B6 at 0.5, 0.4 or 0.3 mg, and cantharidinate at 0.5 mg could all increase the ORR and DCR. Cantharidinate therapy had a lower risk of neutropenia (0.58, [0.50-0.67]), thrombocytopenia (0.57, [0.45-0.72]), gastrointestinal reaction (0.65, [0.52-0.82]) and nausea/vomiting (0.56, [0.41-0.76]) than that of chemotherapy alone. Sensitivity analysis showed that the results had good robustness.Current evidence reveals that sodium cantharidinate can improve tumour responses and QOL with a lower risk of haematotoxicity and gastrointestinal toxicity than chemotherapy alone in NSCLC. However, the evidence does not indicate that it can improve long-term survival rates.
- Icaritin Provokes Serum Thrombopoietin and Downregulates Thrombopoietin/MPL of the Bone Marrow in a Mouse Model of Immune Thrombocytopenia. [Journal Article]
- MIMediators Inflamm 2018; 2018:7235639
- Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common acquired autoimmune disease, and thrombopoietin (TPO) is an important cytokine that regulates the production of megakaryocytes and platelets. We have identif...
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common acquired autoimmune disease, and thrombopoietin (TPO) is an important cytokine that regulates the production of megakaryocytes and platelets. We have identified a biologically active component, icaritin, from a Chinese herba epimedii extract. Icaritin promotes platelet production and regulates T cell polarization, but its mechanism is not clear. In this study, the BALB/c mouse model of ITP was established by injection of an antiplatelet antibody every other day for seven total times. The antiplatelet sera were derived from guinea pigs immunized with the platelets of BALB/c mice. Mice with ITP were treated with icaritin at low, moderate, or high doses of 4.73, 9.45, and 18.90 mg/kg, respectively, for fourteen consecutive days. The present study shows that icaritin can significantly increase peripheral blood platelet counts and thrombocytocrit, increase the TPO level in serum, attenuate splenomegaly, and reduce the abnormal proliferation of megakaryocytes in the spleen and bone marrow. Icaritin can also downregulate the expression of bone marrow TPO, myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene (MPL), and p-Stat3. Our results suggest that icaritin can significantly improve the health of mice with ITP via possible downregulation of p-Stat3 expression in the JAK2/Stat3 phosphorylation signaling pathway and regulation of bone marrow TPO/MPL metabolism.
- Epigenetic Therapy with Panobinostat Combined with Bicalutamide Re-challenge in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. [Journal Article]
- CCClin Cancer Res 2018 Sep 17
- CONCLUSIONS: The 40mg panobinostat/bicalutamide regimen increased radiographic progression-free survival in CRPC patients resistant to 2ndLAARx. Panobinostat toxicity was tolerable with dose reductions. Epigenetic HDACI therapy reduces AR-mediated resistance to bicalutamide in CRPC models with clinical benefit in patients. The combination merits validation using a second-generation antiandrogen.
- Acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura associated with severe ADAMTS13 deficiency in a 3-year-old boy: a case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Med Case Rep 2018 Sep 17; 12(1):276
- CONCLUSIONS: At presentation, acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura in a very young child is commonly misdiagnosed as other conditions like idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Evans syndrome, atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome, or malignancy. ADAMTS13 assay should be performed early when thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura is suspected as this condition is associated with dire consequences.
- Novel antibodies against GPIbα inhibit pulmonary metastasis by affecting vWF-GPIbα interaction. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hematol Oncol 2018 Sep 17; 11(1):117
- CONCLUSIONS: Our results therefore supported the hypothesis that GPIbα contributes to tumor metastasis and suggested potential value of using anti-GPIbα mAb to suppress cancer metastasis.
- Individualized Transcriptional Resolution of Complicated Malaria in a Colombian Study. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pers Med 2018 Sep 14; 8(3)
- To evaluate whether recovery from complicated malaria follows a common trajectory in terms of immunological mechanism or, rather, is highly individualized for each patient, we performed longitudinal ...
To evaluate whether recovery from complicated malaria follows a common trajectory in terms of immunological mechanism or, rather, is highly individualized for each patient, we performed longitudinal gene expression profiling of whole blood. RNA sequencing (RNAseq) was performed on blood samples obtained from eight patients on four consecutive days between hospital admission and discharge. Six patients were infected with Plasmodium falciparum, and two with Plasmodium vivax; one patient was a pregnant woman infected with P. falciparum, who was hospitalized for several weeks. The characterization of blood transcript modules (BTM) and blood informative transcripts (BIT) revealed that patients' responses showed little commonality, being dominated by the balance of gene activity relating to lymphocyte function, inflammation, and interferon responses specific to each patient. Only weak correlations with specific complicated malaria symptoms such as jaundice, thrombocytopenia, or anemia were observed. The differential expression of individual genes, including transcripts derived from the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex, generally reflected differences in the underlying immune processes. Although the results of this pilot study do not point to any single process that might provide a target for complicated malaria treatment or prevention or personalized medical strategies, larger patient series and more extensive blood sampling may allow the classification of patients according to their type of response in order to develop novel therapeutic approaches.
- Heartland Virus Epidemiology, Vector Association, and Disease Potential. [Review]
- VViruses 2018 Sep 14; 10(9)
- First identified in two Missouri farmers exhibiting low white-blood-cell and platelet counts in 2009, Heartland virus (HRTV) is genetically closely related to severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndr...
First identified in two Missouri farmers exhibiting low white-blood-cell and platelet counts in 2009, Heartland virus (HRTV) is genetically closely related to severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), a tick-borne phlebovirus producing similar symptoms in China, Korea, and Japan. Field isolations of HRTV from several life stages of unfed, host-seeking Amblyomma americanum, the lone star tick, implicated it as a putative vector capable of transstadial transmission. Laboratory vector competence assessments confirmed transstadial transmission of HRTV, demonstrated vertical infection, and showed co-feeding infection between A. americanum. A vertical infection rate of 33% from adult females to larvae in the laboratory was observed, while only one of 386 pools of molted nymphs (1930) reared from co-feeding larvae was positive for HRTV (maximum-likelihood estimate of infection rate = 0.52/1000). Over 35 human HRTV cases, all within the distribution range of A. americanum, have been documented. Serological testing of wildlife in areas near the index human cases, as well as in widely separated regions of the eastern United States where A. americanum occur, indicated many potential hosts such as raccoons and white-tailed deer. Attempts, however, to experimentally infect mice, rabbits, hamsters, chickens, raccoons, goats, and deer failed to produce detectable viremia. Immune-compromised mice and hamsters are the only susceptible models. Vertical infection augmented by co-feeding transmission could play a role in maintaining the virus in nature. A more complete assessment of the natural transmission cycle of HRTV coupled with serosurveys and enhanced HRTV disease surveillance are needed to better understand transmission dynamics and human health risks.
- Posttransfusion purpura with antibodies against human platelet antigen-4a following checkpoint inhibitor therapy: a case report and review of the literature. [Case Reports]
- TTransfusion 2018 Sep 17
- CONCLUSIONS: Alloantibodies strongly reactive to HPA-4a were detected in this patient who received multiple blood products during abdominoperineal resection surgery. Her thrombocytopenia improved with prompt administration of IVIG, steroids, and romiplostim. PTP must always be considered in patients with acute severe thrombocytopenia after receipt of blood products, and treatment should not be delayed while awaiting laboratory confirmation. To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of PTP with antibodies against HPA-4a.
New Search Next
- Comparative evaluation of platelet counts in two hematology analyzers and potential effects on prophylactic platelet transfusion decisions. [Journal Article]
- TTransfusion 2018 Sep 17
- CONCLUSIONS: The XN-2000 fluorescent PLT counting method showed excellent correlation with the CD61 reference count, closely followed by the CELL-DYN Sapphire optical method. XN-2000 impedance and optical and Sapphire impedance methods are not accurate enough for basing transfusion decisions on. Only XN-2000 fluorescent, Sapphire optical, and CD61 methods are sufficiently accurate for making appropriate clinical decisions in patients with severe thrombocytopenia.