- [Finite element analysis of male lower urinary tract based on the collodion slice images]. [Journal Article]
- SWSheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi 2018 Apr 01; 35(4):592-597
- Males typically have high rates of morbidity of primary bladder neck obstruction, while the existing urodynamic examination is invasive and more likely to cause false diagnosis. To build a non-invasi...
Males typically have high rates of morbidity of primary bladder neck obstruction, while the existing urodynamic examination is invasive and more likely to cause false diagnosis. To build a non-invasive biomechanical detecting system for the male lower urinary tract, a finite element model for male lower urinary tract based on the collodion slice images of normal male lower urinary tract was constructed, and the fluid-structure interaction of the lower urinary tract was simulated based on the real urination environment. The finite element model of the lower urinary tract was validated by comparing the clinical experiment data with the simulation result. The stress, flow rate and deformation of the lower urinary tract were analyzed, and the results showed that the Von Mises stress and the wall shear stress at the membrane sphincter in the normal male lower urinary tract model reached a peak, and there was nearly 1 s delay than in the bladder pressure, which helped to validate the model. This paper lays a foundation for further research on the urodynamic response mechanism of the bladder pressure and flow rate of the lower urinary tract obstruction model, which can provide a theoretical basis for the research of non-invasive biomechanical detecting system.
- [Xanthogranulonatous pyelonephritis: report of 5 cases]. [Journal Article]
- BDBeijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Aug 18; 50(4):743-746
- Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an unusual form of chronic pyelonephritis in which the renal parenchyma is destroyed and replaced by lipid-laden foamy macrophages. It usually affects midd...
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an unusual form of chronic pyelonephritis in which the renal parenchyma is destroyed and replaced by lipid-laden foamy macrophages. It usually affects middle-aged women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infection, diabetes, or kidney stones. The inflammatory process is usually diffuse and can extend beyond the kidney. The rare focal forms may simulate primary renal tumours. The preoperative imaging diagnosis may be difficult. We reported five cases of XGP, The findings of ours were recorded including kidney size, shape, contour, the echogenecity of the renal parenchyma, the internal echoes of the dilate collecting system, the presence of perinephric fluid accumulation and obstruction. One of the 5 cases was a male patient, and the other four were female, with a mean age of 53 years. He affected kidneys of the 5 cases swelled in different degrees, and one of them was found with line-like anechoic fluid. Among the 5 cases, one kidney appeared as diffusely reducing of the parenchyma echogenicity, multiple hypoechoic areas, disappearance of corticomedullary differentiation and multiple hyperecho with shadow. A round cystic anechoic lesion was found in one kidney, with internal punctate echo and peripheral fluid. Ultrasonographic finding of 1 case was extremely hypoechoic lesion on the left kidney, protruding from the outline of the kidney, with the partial renal capsule discontinuous, the less clear boundary, and a little blood flow in it. Ultrasonographic demonstration of 2 cases was mild dilatation of the collecting system with irregular wall thickening and internal hypoechogenicity, and 1 case was solid lesion with less clear boundary to the pelvic wall and a small amount of blood flow signal, the another 1 case was showed floccule without internal blood flow. Three cases were caused by chronic obstruction verified by operation, of which one was staghorn calculi, one was poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma in the middle part of the ureter, and one was inflammatory stricture of upper ureteral. Through analysis of the above five cases and review of related literature, we explored diagnoses and management of the patients with XGP. Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare chronic variant of pyelonephritis characterized by destruction of the renal parenchyma. Combining ultrasonographic features of XGP with clinical recurrent urinary infection and chronic obstruction, XGP can be included in the differentiation. The diagnosis of XGP suspected by ultrasound can be clarified by CT, MRI, contrast-enhanced ultrasound.
- [Transurethral resection of prostate treatment for recurrence of a multilocular prostatic cystadenoma: a case report]. [Journal Article]
- BDBeijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Aug 18; 50(4):740-742
- Multilocular prostatic cystadenoma (MPC) is a rare benign tumor that originates from the prostate itself. MPC is usually characterized by large multilocular cysts located between the rectum and bladd...
Multilocular prostatic cystadenoma (MPC) is a rare benign tumor that originates from the prostate itself. MPC is usually characterized by large multilocular cysts located between the rectum and bladder. The clinical presentation includes obstructive voiding symptoms, such as poor stream, intermittency, sensation of incomplete emptying, acute urinary retention and sometimes constipation symptoms due to mechanical compression of the lower intestine. Most of the previously reported patients with MPC underwent open surgery. Although the natural history of MPC remains unknown, surgical excision may not always be necessary. Here we report the case of a 49-year-old male, treated by transurethral electroresection of prostate (TURP) for prostate cyst one and half years before．His biopsy of TURP showed benign prostatic tissue with no evidence of malignancy. However, the symptoms of urinary tract obstruction were obviously aggravated after the operation. Acute urinary retention occurred intermittently 3 times. In our hospital, his total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) was 5.440 μg/L, free prostate specific antigen (fPSA) was 1.528 μg/L. After examination, it was considered as benign lesions clearly. In the operation of TURP, we found that the tumor was multilocular cystic. Histologically, the cell was mucus. Concerning the immunophenotype, CK5/6(+) , p40(+), PSA(+), P504S(+), PAX-2(-), PAX-8(-), MUC1(+), MUC5ac(+), the results of special staining were as follows: AB(+), PAS(+). At the end of the follow up 3 months later, the routine semen analysis results showed that his semen volume was 3 mL and the sperm density and sperm mobility were normal. At the end of the follow up eight months later, the patient remained free of lower urinary tract symptoms and there were no signs of recurrence. His international prostate symptom score (I-PSS) had dropped from 32 to 4, and quality of life score (QOL) had dropped from 6 to 2. MPC is a rare benign tumor originating from the prostate. TURP may aggravate the symptoms of lower urinary tract obstruction in patients with MPC, and may be temporarily observed for some asymptomatic young and middle-aged patients.
- Objective impacts of tadalafil on storage and voiding function in male patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia: 1-year outcomes from a prospective urodynamic study. [Journal Article]
- WJWorld J Urol 2018 Aug 18
- CONCLUSIONS: Tadalafil significantly improved storage and voiding functions, along with LUTS, in patients with LUTS/BPH during a 1-year treatment.
- Two-year follow up of silodosin on lower urinary tract functions and symptoms in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia based on prostate size: a prospective investigation using urodynamics. [Journal Article]
- TATher Adv Urol 2018; 10(9):263-272
- CONCLUSIONS: Silodosin significantly improved lower urinary tract functions for 2 years in patients with LUTS/BPH, regardless of prostate size. However, LUTS and BOO improvements tended to decrease in patients with a large prostate (>40 ml) in the intermediate term.
- Giant urinary bladder (11 000 mL in volume) with bilateral lower limb oedema: an unusual cause of inferior vena cava obstruction. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 16; 2018
- GeneReviews® [BOOK]
- BOOKUniversity of Washington, Seattle: Seattle (WA)
- Carney complex (CNC) is characterized by skin pigmentary abnormalities, myxomas, endocrine tumors or overactivity, and schwannomas. Pale brown to black lentigines are the most common presenting featu...
Carney complex (CNC) is characterized by skin pigmentary abnormalities, myxomas, endocrine tumors or overactivity, and schwannomas. Pale brown to black lentigines are the most common presenting feature of CNC and typically increase in number at puberty. Cardiac myxomas occur at a young age, may occur in any or all cardiac chambers, and can manifest as intracardiac obstruction of blood flow, embolic phenomenon, and/or heart failure. Other sites for myxomas include the skin, breast, oropharynx, and female genital tract. Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD), which causes Cushing syndrome, is the most frequently observed endocrine tumor in CNC, occurring in approximately 25% of affected individuals. Large-cell calcifying Sertoli cell tumors (LCCSCTs) are observed in one third of affected males within the first decade and in most adult males. Up to 75% of individuals with CNC have multiple thyroid nodules, most of which are nonfunctioning thyroid follicular adenomas. Clinically evident acromegaly from a growth hormone (GH)-producing adenoma is evident in approximately 10% of adults. Psammomatous melanotic schwannoma (PMS), a rare tumor of the nerve sheath, occurs in an estimated 10% of affected individuals. The median age of diagnosis is 20 years.
- Mechanical dilatation of the cervix during elective caeserean section before the onset of labour for reducing postoperative morbidity. [Review]
- CDCochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Aug 10; 8:CD008019
- CONCLUSIONS: At this time, the evidence does not support or refute the use of mechanical dilatation of the cervix during elective caesarean section for reducing postoperative morbidity.Further large, well-designed studies are required to compare the effect of intraoperative mechanical dilatation of the cervix with no intraoperative mechanical cervical dilatation for reducing postoperative morbidity.
- Prenatal renal parenchymal area as a predictor of early end-stage renal disease in children with vesicoamniotic shunting for lower urinary tract obstruction. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Pediatr Urol 2018 Jul 24
- CONCLUSIONS: Despite definitive VAS for LUTO, postnatal morbidity and mortality remain high, emphasizing the role of renal dysplasia in postnatal renal failure, in spite of urinary diversion. Renal growth statistically differs between groups in the 3rd trimester of gestation; RPA development appears stagnant in patients that developed ESRD within the first year of life. In contrast, patients that did not develop ESRD continued to have renal parenchymal growth in a linear fashion. This suggests that prenatal RPA may be predictive of postnatal ESRD.RPA measurement during the prenatal period could play an important role as a non-invasive tool to predict postnatal renal function and to anticipate postnatal clinical interventions.
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- Recent advances in the understanding and management of underactive bladder. [Review]
- FF1000Res 2018; 7:437
- Underactive bladder (UAB) is an important and complex urological condition resulting from the urodynamic finding of detrusor underactivity. It can manifest in a wide range of lower urinary tract symp...
Underactive bladder (UAB) is an important and complex urological condition resulting from the urodynamic finding of detrusor underactivity. It can manifest in a wide range of lower urinary tract symptoms, from voiding to storage complaints, and can overlap with other conditions, including overactive bladder and bladder outlet obstruction. However, UAB continues to be poorly understood and inadequately researched. In this article, we review the contemporary literature pertaining to recent advances in defining, understanding, and managing UAB.