- Acute dacryocystitis complicated by orbital cellulitis and loss of vision: A case report and review of the literature. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Surg Case Rep 2018 Aug 09; 50:130-134
- CONCLUSIONS: Typically, orbital cellulitis responds well to systemic antibiotic and surgical drainage without permanent visual loss. There are 7 cases reported in the literature of acute dacryocystitis complicated by permanent visual loss.Patients with acute dacryocystitis need to be carefully monitored for signs of orbital cellulitis. Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of this condition are essential.
- Use of an onlay corneal lamellar graft for brittle cornea syndrome. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 16; 2018
- Brittle cornea syndrome (BCS1 OMIM #229200, BCS2 #614170) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterised by diffuse thinning and fragility of the cornea. Affected individuals are at risk of gl...
Brittle cornea syndrome (BCS1 OMIM #229200, BCS2 #614170) is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterised by diffuse thinning and fragility of the cornea. Affected individuals are at risk of globe rupture and blindness after relatively minor eye trauma. We describe a 9-year-old girl with BCS1, already blind in one eye following trauma, who had a 14 mm diameter corneoscleral onlay graft to her contralateral eye to reduce gross irregular corneal astigmatism and potentially to reduce further risk from accidental injury. Although there was a significant initial improvement in the unaided visual acuity, there was subsequent visual loss from secondary glaucoma. In addition, despite the onlay graft, an acute corneal hydrops developed approximately 2 years following surgery, suggesting that in BCS1, corneal tissue degeneration or resorption continues despite external support. Finally, because secondary glaucoma is not a feature of BCS1, we speculate that the onlay graft may have reduced aqueous outflow by compression of the thinned sclera.
- Radiation-Induced Optic Neuropathy: Clinical and Imaging Profile of Twelve Patients. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neuroophthalmol 2018 Aug 15
- CONCLUSIONS: This study further delineates the profile of RON. Visual loss is often acute, profound, and monocular but may decline slowly after acute onset and later affect both optic nerves. High-resolution MRI of the optic nerves usually will display enhancement of a discrete segment of the intracranial prechiasmatic optic nerve, often with accompanying expansion and T2 hyperintensity. In some cases, these imaging features may precede vision loss. They may be subtle or appear after vision loss. Enhancement lingers for a wide interval, ranging in this study from 2 to at least 17 months. Recognition of these imaging characteristics assists in confirmation of the diagnosis of RON.
- Optical coherence tomography in acute optic neuritis: A population-based study. [Journal Article]
- ANActa Neurol Scand 2018 Aug 14
- CONCLUSIONS: Optic neuritis causes substantial retinal damage and vision loss independent of the underlying disease. Our study supports that GCIP damage starts closely to clinical onset. Good structure-function correlations between OCT and vision support the importance of OCT in monitoring acute ON.
- Paracentral acute middle maculopathy and the ischemic cascade associated with retinal vascular occlusion. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 03
- CONCLUSIONS: This study describes OCT findings suggestive of an ischemic cascade in eyes with retinal vascular occlusion. The middle retina at the level of the deep capillary plexus, especially at the venular pole, may be more vulnerable to ischemic injury.
- A 14-Year-Old Boy With Fevers, Cytopenias, and Neurocognitive Decline. [Journal Article]
- PedPediatrics 2018 Aug 02
- A 14-year-old boy presented to our institution with a 1-month history of neurocognitive decline and intermittent fevers. His history was significant for fevers, headaches, and a 10-lb weight loss. Pr...
A 14-year-old boy presented to our institution with a 1-month history of neurocognitive decline and intermittent fevers. His history was significant for fevers, headaches, and a 10-lb weight loss. Previous examinations by multiple medical providers were significant only for bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy. Previous laboratory workup revealed leukopenia, neutropenia, and elevated inflammatory markers. Despite improvement in his laboratory values after his initial presentation, his fevers persisted, and he developed slowed and "jerky" movements, increased sleep, slurred speech, delusions, visual hallucinations, and deterioration in his school performance. A brain MRI performed at an outside hospital before admission at our institution was concerning for patchy, increased T2 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery signal intensity in multiple areas, including the basal ganglia. After transfer to our institution and admission to the pediatric hospital medicine team, the patient had an acute decompensation. Our subspecialists will discuss the initial evaluation, workup, differential diagnosis, definitive diagnosis, and subsequent management of this patient.
- Nondrainage after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Calculous Cholecystitis Does Not Increase the Postoperative Morbidity. [Journal Article]
- BRBiomed Res Int 2018; 2018:8436749
- CONCLUSIONS: Routine drainage for patients with ACC after LC may not be justified with similar drain-related complications compared with nondrainage group.
- Is Management of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion the Next Frontier in Cerebrovascular Diseases? [Journal Article]
- JSJ Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Jul 27
- Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a medical emergency that, if not treated, may result in irreversible loss of vision. It continues to be an important cause for acute painless loss of vision...
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a medical emergency that, if not treated, may result in irreversible loss of vision. It continues to be an important cause for acute painless loss of vision. Amaurosis fugax or "transient CRAO" has long been considered an equivalent of transient cerebral ischemic event. Animal models, in addition to data from retrospective and randomized clinical studies, provide valuable insights into the time interval for irreversible retinal ischemia. Subset analyses from 2 large studies of patients with CRAO show benefit from treatment with thrombolysis within 6 hours from symptoms onset. Significant workflow improvements after the intra-arterial therapy trials for acute ischemic stroke have occurred world over in last 5 years. Patients with CRAO are uniquely suited to receive maximum benefits from the changes in workflow for treatment of patient's acute ischemic stroke. Just as in clinical triage of acute ischemic stroke, correct and timely diagnosis of patients with CRAO may help in preventing visual loss. The approach to acute ocular ischemia should mimic that used for acute brain ischemia. Comprehensive stroke centers would be ideal triage centers for these patients in view of availability of multidisciplinary participation from vascular neurology, neuroendovascular surgery, and ophthalmology. Time is Retina!
- Melatonin improves quality and longevity of chronic neural recording. [Journal Article]
- BBiomaterials 2018; 180:225-239
- The chronic performance of implantable neural electrodes is hindered by inflammatory brain tissue responses, including microglia activation, glial scarring, and neuronal loss. Melatonin (MT) has show...
The chronic performance of implantable neural electrodes is hindered by inflammatory brain tissue responses, including microglia activation, glial scarring, and neuronal loss. Melatonin (MT) has shown remarkable neuroprotective and neurorestorative effects in treating central nervous system (CNS) injuries and degeneration by inhibiting caspase-1, -3, and -9 activation and mitochondrial cytochrome c release, as well as reducing oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. This study examined the effect of MT administration on the quality and longevity of neural recording from an implanted microelectrode in the visual cortex of mice for 16 weeks. MT (30 mg/kg) was administered via daily intraperitoneal injection for acute (3 days before and 14 days post-implantation) and chronic (3 days before and 16 weeks post-implantation) exposures. During the first 4 weeks, both MT groups showed significantly higher single-unit (SU) yield, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and amplitude compared to the vehicle control group. However, after 4 weeks of implantation, the SU yield of the acute treatment group dropped to the same level as the control group, while the chronic treatment group maintained significantly higher SU yield compared to both acute (week 5-16) and control (week 0-16) mice. Histological studies revealed a significant increase in neuronal viability and decrease in neuronal apoptosis around the implanted electrode at week 16 in the chronic group in comparison to control and acute subjects, which is correlated with reduced oxidative stress and increased number of pro-regeneration arginase-1 positive microglia cells. These results demonstrate the potent effect of MT treatment in maintaining a high-quality electrode-tissue interface and suggest that MT promotes neuroprotection possibly through its anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative properties.
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- Photodynamic therapy in combination with intravitreal ziv-aflibercept and aflibercept injection in patients with chronic or repeatedly recurrent acute central serous chorioretinopathy: a single-center retrospective study. [Journal Article]
- COClin Ophthalmol 2018; 12:1301-1309
- CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy of ziv-aflibercept and aflibercept with PDT seems to be beneficial, even in cases of chronic or repeatedly recurrent acute CSC. This includes cases of CSC resistant to or recurrent after medical treatment, PDT alone or therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor alone.