- Capnocytophaga canimorsus peritonitis diagnosed by mass spectrometry in a diabetic patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a case report. [Journal Article]
- BNBMC Nephrol 2019 Jun 14; 20(1):219
- CONCLUSIONS: C. canimorsus is a rare cause of peritonitis in PD patients and is usually susceptible to intraperitoneal third-generation cephalosporins. This mass spectrometry-based bacterial identification method could provide more opportunities to identify uncommon causes and promote appropriate antibiotics therapy in PD-related peritonitis.
- The P300 event-related potential in bipolar disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis. [Review]
- JAJ Affect Disord 2019 Jun 04; 256:234-249
- CONCLUSIONS: The difference in medication use was difficult to control and it may affect the results.This meta-analysis provides evidence for P300 abnormalities in patients with BD compared to HCs. Our results suggest that P300 may be trait markers rather than state markers in this illness.
- Association of excessive speed reduction with clinical factors during rotational atherectomy. [Journal Article]
- CRCardiovasc Revasc Med 2019 May 17
- CONCLUSIONS: RA of ostial RCA lesions was significantly associated with excessive speed reduction during RA, which implies that RA of ostial RCA lesions is technically more difficult than RA of non-ostial RCA lesions.
- Nationwide surveillance of bacterial respiratory pathogens conducted by the surveillance committee of Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases, and the Japanese Society for clinical microbiology in 2014: General view of the pathogens' antibacterial susceptibility. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Infect Chemother 2019 Jun 10
- The nationwide surveillance on antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from the patients in Japan was conducted by Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, the Japanese Association f…
The nationwide surveillance on antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial respiratory pathogens from the patients in Japan was conducted by Japanese Society of Chemotherapy, the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases, and the Japanese Society for Clinical Microbiology in 2014. The isolates were collected from clinical specimens obtained from well-diagnosed adult patients with respiratory tract infections during the period between January 2014 and April 2015 by three societies. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted at the central reference laboratory according to the method recommended by Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute. Susceptibility testing was evaluated in 1534 strains (335 Staphylococcus aureus, 264 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 29 Streptococcus pyogenes, 281 Haemophilus influenzae, 164 Moraxella catarrhalis, 207 Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 254 Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Ratio of methicillin-resistant S. aureus was 43.6%, and those of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae was 100%. Among H. influenzae, 8.2% of them were found to be β-lactamase-producing ampicillin-resistant strains, and 49.1% to be β-lactamase-non-producing ampicillin-resistant strains. Extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing K. pneumoniae and multi-drug resistant P. aeruginosa with metallo β-lactamase were 9.2% and 0.4%, respectively.
- Impact of urinary tract infection on nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Infect Chemother 2019 Jun 10
- Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP), a concept of pneumonia proposed by the Japanese Respiratory Society, mostly occurs among elderly people in long-term care facilities. Similarly, t…
Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP), a concept of pneumonia proposed by the Japanese Respiratory Society, mostly occurs among elderly people in long-term care facilities. Similarly, the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) also increases with age, with UTIs common among those in long-term care. Therefore, NHCAP is sometimes complicated by the presence of a UTI. However, pneumonia complicated by a UTI has not been clinically well characterized. We retrospectively analyzed 376 patients with NHCAP admitted to our hospital over a three-year period. Sixty-seven patients (17.8%) showed complications by a UTI. Patients with a UTI had lower renal function (higher blood urea nitrogen [P = 0.001], higher creatinine [P = 0.001]), lower systolic blood pressure (P = 0.04), higher A-DROP scores (P = 0.005) and higher positive blood culture rates (P = 0.03) than those without a UTI. Furthermore, based on urine, sputum and blood culture results, nearly half of the microorganisms (4/7) in blood cultures were identical with those of urine, suggesting that a concurrent UTI increases positive blood culture rates. Multivariate analysis showed that UTI was not an independent factor associated with 30-day mortality (P = 0.17), although patients with a UTI showed higher 30-day mortality (P = 0.04) than those without a UTI in univariate analysis. In summary, patients with NHCAP and a UTI were more prone to complications than those without a UTI, although UTI itself did not affect the prognosis of patients with NHCAP. A concurrent UTI had a negative impact on the severity of NHCAP.
- Oxidation of P700 Induces Alternative Electron Flow in Photosystem I in Wheat Leaves. [Journal Article]
- PPlants (Basel) 2019 Jun 05; 8(6)
- Oxygen (O2)-evolving photosynthetic organisms oxidize the reaction center chlorophyll, P700, in photosystem I (PSI) to suppress the production of reactive oxygen species. The oxidation of P700 is acc…
Oxygen (O2)-evolving photosynthetic organisms oxidize the reaction center chlorophyll, P700, in photosystem I (PSI) to suppress the production of reactive oxygen species. The oxidation of P700 is accompanied by alternative electron flow in PSI (AEF-I), which is not required for photosynthetic linear electron flow (LEF). To characterize AEF-I, we compared the redox reactions of P700 and ferredoxin (Fd) during the induction of carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation in wheat leaves, using dark-interval relaxation kinetics analysis. Switching on an actinic light (1000 μmol photons m-2 s-1) at ambient CO2 partial pressure of 40 Pa and ambient O2 partial pressure of 21 kPa gradually oxidized P700 (P700+) and enhanced the reduction rate of P700+ (vP700) and oxidation rate of reduced Fd (vFd). The vFd showed a positive linear relationship with an apparent photosynthetic quantum yield of PSII (Y[II]) originating at point zero; the redox turnover of Fd is regulated by LEF via CO2 assimilation and photorespiration. The vP700 also showed a positive linear relationship with Y(II), but the intercept was positive, not zero. That is, the electron flux in PSI included the electron flux in AEF-I in addition to that in LEF. This indicates that the oxidation of P700 induces AEF-I. We propose a possible mechanism underlying AEF-I and its physiological role in the mitigation of oxidative damage.
- The Use of Dynamic Assessment for the Diagnosis of Language Disorders in Bilingual Children: A Meta-Analysis. [Journal Article]
- AJAm J Speech Lang Pathol 2019 Jun 13; :1-20
- Purpose Dynamic assessment (DA) has generally been accepted and recommended for use with bilingual children; however, no meta-analysis or systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy for language imp…
Purpose Dynamic assessment (DA) has generally been accepted and recommended for use with bilingual children; however, no meta-analysis or systematic review of the diagnostic accuracy for language impairment within this population exists. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current use of DA and its diagnostic accuracy for language impairment in bilingual children. Method Through a key word search of PsycINFO, ERIC, Academic Search Premier, and MEDLINE via EBSCOhost, 7 studies were identified. Participants ranged from 3 to 8 years old. Areas of language addressed through DA included labeling single words, morpheme rule learning, ability to learn nonwords, and narratives. Study results were analyzed with respect to diagnostic accuracy, participant modifiability, and methodological quality. Results Overall, participants with typically developing language received higher scores on the language assessments used in DA studies compared to participants with a language impairment. Gain scores were generally not useful for differentiating between children who did or did not have language impairments. However, clinician judgments of modifiability during the teaching phase of DA consistently yielded significant group effects favoring the typically developing children. Across the 7 studies, sensitivity and specificity were reasonably high, with all studies meeting or close to meeting the set criteria (≥ 0.8). Conclusion Suggestive evidence supports the use of DA for diagnosing language disorders in bilingual children. However, limitations in the methodological quality of the studies that were reviewed could have resulted in inflated diagnostic accuracy and decreased validity. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.8232926.
- Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan. [Journal Article]
- JOJAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019 Jun 13
- Clinical course of conservative management for isolated superior mesenteric arterial dissection. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Radiol Open 2019; 6:192-197
- CONCLUSIONS: ISMAD patients without peritoneal irritation can be treated conservatively if there are no signs of an aneurysm, ULP, or mesenteric ischemia. When an aneurysm or ULP sign exists, endovascular stenting was able to preserve SMA blood flow with the improvement of the dissection.
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- A rare case of localized IgG4-related sclerosing cholecystitis mimicking gallbladder cancer. [Journal Article]
- JRJ Rural Med 2019; 14(1):138-142
- CONCLUSIONS: It is difficult to differentiate IgG4-related sclerosing cholecystitis from gallbladder cancer in cases involving localized thickening of the gallbladder wall. In similar cases, surgical resection with cancer in mind might be performed based on present clinical knowledge.