- Assessment of Likelihood Ratio for Four Contact Dermatitis Symptoms of Vinca Minor. [Journal Article]
- HHomeopathy 2018 May 21
- CONCLUSIONS: There was insufficient evidence to attribute any of the four assessed symptoms clearly to VM. Though non-significant, a high LR was observed for "itching amelioration in open air" (symptom 3). Symptoms in the homeopathic materia medica for VM are perhaps over-represented. More research of this nature is warranted.
- Loss of a highly conserved sterile alpha motif domain gene (WEEP) results in pendulous branch growth in peach trees. [Journal Article]
- PNProc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 May 15; 115(20):E4690-E4699
- Plant shoots typically grow upward in opposition to the pull of gravity. However, exceptions exist throughout the plant kingdom. Most conspicuous are trees with weeping or pendulous branches. While s...
Plant shoots typically grow upward in opposition to the pull of gravity. However, exceptions exist throughout the plant kingdom. Most conspicuous are trees with weeping or pendulous branches. While such trees have long been cultivated and appreciated for their ornamental value, the molecular basis behind the weeping habit is not known. Here, we characterized a weeping tree phenotype in Prunus persica (peach) and identified the underlying genetic mutation using a genomic sequencing approach. Weeping peach tree shoots exhibited a downward elliptical growth pattern and did not exhibit an upward bending in response to 90° reorientation. The causative allele was found to be an uncharacterized gene, Ppa013325, having a 1.8-Kb deletion spanning the 5' end. This gene, dubbed WEEP, was predominantly expressed in phloem tissues and encodes a highly conserved 129-amino acid protein containing a sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain. Silencing WEEP in the related tree species Prunus domestica (plum) resulted in more outward, downward, and wandering shoot orientations compared to standard trees, supporting a role for WEEP in directing lateral shoot growth in trees. This previously unknown regulator of branch orientation, which may also be a regulator of gravity perception or response, provides insights into our understanding of how tree branches grow in opposition to gravity and could serve as a critical target for manipulating tree architecture for improved tree shape in agricultural and horticulture applications.
- A weeping ulcer that vanished with a 'SMILE'. [Journal Article]
- BRBlood Res 2018; 53(1):8
- A new flavonoid from Stellera chamaejasme L., stechamone, alleviated 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in a murine model. [Journal Article]
- IIInt Immunopharmacol 2018; 59:113-119
- Stellera chamaejasme L. (family Thymelaeaceae), also known as 'Langdu', has been traditionally used to treat of skin-related diseases, such as, psoriasis and skin ulcers. The aim of this study was to...
Stellera chamaejasme L. (family Thymelaeaceae), also known as 'Langdu', has been traditionally used to treat of skin-related diseases, such as, psoriasis and skin ulcers. The aim of this study was to identify the biologically active component of S. chamaejasme and evaluate its preventive effects on IL-4 and mast cell degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells and on the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-treated SKH-1 hairless mice. A novel flavonoid, genkwanin 5-O-xylosyl(1 → 2)glucoside (named stechamone), and three known compounds (umbelliferone, luteolin, and luteolin-7-O-glucoside) were isolated from the aerial parts of S. chamaejasme using chromatographic methods. Of these four compounds, stechamone most potently inhibited IL-4 production and mast cell degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells. Topical application of 0.5% stechamone improved atopic skin symptoms, including, erythema (redness), pruritus (itching), exudation (weeping), excoriation (peeling), and lichenification (skin thickening) in DNCB-treated AD mice by accelerating skin barrier recovery function and suppressing inflammatory cell infiltration. In addition, stechamone attenuated DNCB-induced increases in IL-4 (an inflammatory TH2 cytokine) expression and in serum IgE levels in our murine model of AD. DNCB induced AD-like skin lesions, but treatment with stechamone exhibited strong anti-atopic activity by regulating skin barrier function and reducing inflammatory responses. The results obtained suggest stechamone is a potential anti-atopic agent and treatment for skin inflammatory diseases.
- GeneReviews® [BOOK]
- BOOKUniversity of Washington, Seattle: Seattle (WA)
- The branchiooculofacial syndrome (BOFS) is characterized by: branchial (cervical or infra- or supra-auricular) skin defects that range from barely perceptible thin skin or hair patch to erythematous ...
The branchiooculofacial syndrome (BOFS) is characterized by: branchial (cervical or infra- or supra-auricular) skin defects that range from barely perceptible thin skin or hair patch to erythematous "hemangiomatous" lesions to large weeping erosions; ocular anomalies that can include microphthalmia, anophthalmia, coloboma, and nasolacrimal duct stenosis/atresia; and facial anomalies that can include ocular hypertelorism or telecanthus, broad nasal tip, upslanted palpebral fissures, cleft lip or prominent philtral pillars that give the appearance of a repaired cleft lip (formerly called "pseudocleft lip") with or without cleft palate, upper lip pits, and lower facial weakness (asymmetric crying face or partial 7th cranial nerve weakness). Malformed and prominent pinnae and hearing loss from inner ear and/or petrous bone anomalies are common. Intellect is usually normal.
- Response of Weeping Lantana (Lantana montevidensis) to Compost-Based Growing Media and Electrical Conductivity Level in Soilless Culture: First Evidence. [Journal Article]
- PPlants (Basel) 2018 Mar 22; 7(2)
- The most common substrate for potted ornamental plants is prepared withSphagnumpeat; however, the cost and declining availability of high-quality peat, due to environmental constraints, make it neces...
The most common substrate for potted ornamental plants is prepared withSphagnumpeat; however, the cost and declining availability of high-quality peat, due to environmental constraints, make it necessary to investigate for alternative organic materials. The present study aimed to determine the effects of partial compost replacement with peat and the optimum electrical conductivity (EC) level of the nutrient solution in potted weeping lantana [L. montevidensis(Spreng.) Briq.] under a recirculating soilless system. Three compost-based substrates were prepared by mixing peat (Pe) with sewage sludge-based compost (Co.) at a rate of 0% (Pe90Co0Pu10, control), 30% (Pe60Co30Pu10), or 60% (Pe30Co60Pu10), respectively. The soilless recirculated closed system was equipped with two different EC levels (high and low) of nutrient solution. Growing media main characteristics and plant bio-morphometric parameters were evaluated. Our first evidence clearly demonstrates that the replacement of peat with compost at doses of 30% and 60% gave the poorest results for plant diameter, shoots, leaves, flowers, and fresh and dry mass, probably indicating that the physical characteristics of the compost based substrates may be the major factor governing plant growth rate. Compost media pH and EC values, too, showed negative effects on plant growth. Considering the effect of EC level, all morphological traits were significantly improved by high EC compared to low EC in weeping lantana. Thus, based on first evidence, further research is needed on organic materials for the establishment of ecological substrates with optimal physicochemical characteristics for the growth of weeping lantana.
- Why Only Humans Shed Emotional Tears : Evolutionary and Cultural Perspectives. [Journal Article]
- HNHum Nat 2018; 29(2):104-133
- Producing emotional tears is a universal and uniquely human behavior. Until recently, tears have received little serious attention from scientists. Here, we summarize recent theoretical developments ...
Producing emotional tears is a universal and uniquely human behavior. Until recently, tears have received little serious attention from scientists. Here, we summarize recent theoretical developments and research findings. The evolutionary approach offers a solid ground for the analysis of the functions of tears. This is especially the case for infant crying, which we address in the first part of this contribution. We further elaborate on the antecedents and (intra- and interpersonal) functions of emotional tears in adults. The main hypothesis that emerges from this overview is that crying evolved as an emotional expression that signals distress and promotes prosocial behaviors in conspecifics. Further, shedding tears may influence the mood of the crier and his/her outlook on life primarily as a consequence of fulfillment of the proposed signaling function of tears. We also describe how cultural phenomena such as ritual weeping nicely fit within this framework, as they often aim to support a request for help to a powerful person or deity and promote social bonding.
- A review of cutaneous manifestations within glucagonoma syndrome: necrolytic migratory erythema. [Review]
- IJInt J Dermatol 2018; 57(6):642-645
- Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME) is a rare skin disorder that is a cutaneous manifestation of the glucagonoma syndrome. It presents with annular eruptions of migrating erythematous papules and pla...
Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME) is a rare skin disorder that is a cutaneous manifestation of the glucagonoma syndrome. It presents with annular eruptions of migrating erythematous papules and plaques with superficial epidermal necrosis, central flaccid bullae, and crusted erosions located primarily in the intertriginous areas. Treatment with the long-acting somatostatin analog Octreotide is a potential therapy to help ameliorate skin symptoms. We present a case of a patient with a 1-year history of a pancreatic glucagonoma that developed an ulcerated, plaque-like, weeping rash over multiple areas of their body despite current treatment with Octreotide and stable pancreatic tumor staging. The patient had a similar rash when initially diagnosed with a glucagonoma, and it quickly improved after Octreotide treatment. Clinical examination and biopsy were consistent with necrolytic migratory erythema due to an underlying glucagonoma. This rare case adds to our understanding of the clinical presentation of NME, as well as highlights the relapsing and remitting course, even if the underlying pancreatic tumor is stable and the patient is undergoing treatment.
- Concurrent Painless Weeping Nodule and Targetoid Lesion on the Hand. [Journal Article]
- AFAm Fam Physician 2017 Dec 01; 96(11):739-741
New Search Next
- Exploring DNA variant segregation types in pooled genome sequencing enables effective mapping of weeping trait in Malus. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Exp Bot 2018 Mar 24; 69(7):1499-1516
- To unlock the power of next generation sequencing-based bulked segregant analysis in allele discovery in out-crossing woody species, and to understand the genetic control of the weeping trait, an F1 ...
To unlock the power of next generation sequencing-based bulked segregant analysis in allele discovery in out-crossing woody species, and to understand the genetic control of the weeping trait, an F1 population from the cross 'Cheal's Weeping' × 'Evereste' was used to create two genomic DNA pools 'weeping' (17 progeny) and 'standard' (16 progeny). Illumina pair-end (2 × 151 bp) sequencing of the pools to a 27.1× (weeping) and a 30.4× (standard) genome (742.3 Mb) coverage allowed detection of 84562 DNA variants specific to 'weeping', 92148 specific to 'standard', and 173169 common to both pools. A detailed analysis of the DNA variant genotypes in the pools predicted three informative segregation types of variants: <lm×mm> (type I) in weeping pool-specific variants, and <lm×ll> (type II) and <hk×hk> (type III) in variants common to both pools, where the first allele is assumed to be weeping linked and the allele shown in bold is a variant in relation to the reference genome. Conducting variant allele frequency and density-based mappings revealed four genomic regions with a significant association with weeping: a major locus, Weeping (W), on chromosome 13 and others on chromosomes 10 (W2), 16 (W3), and 5 (W4). The results from type I variants were noisier and less certain than those from type II and type III variants, demonstrating that although type I variants are often the first choice, type II and type III variants represent an important source of DNA variants that can be exploited for genetic mapping in out-crossing woody species. Confirmation of the mapping of W and W2, investigation into their genetic interactions, and identification of expressed genes in the W and W2 regions provided insight into the genetic control of weeping and its expressivity in Malus.