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(Wernicke Carl)
35 results
  • History of Neuropsychological Assessment. [Historical Article]
    Front Neurol Neurosci 2019; 44:164-178Eling P
  • This chapter presents a historical overview of observations, instruments, and approaches in the area of neuropsychological assessment. In the 17th and 18th century literature dealing especially with language disorders following a brain disorder, one finds observations of physicians of striking dissociations of mental faculties that were impaired while others remained intact. Around the middle of …
  • Alexia and Agraphia from 1861 to 1965. [Historical Article]
    Front Neurol Neurosci 2019; 44:39-52Henderson VW
  • Studies of alexia and agraphia have played historically important roles in efforts to understand the relation between brain and behavior. In the second half of the 19th century, works by Paul Broca and Carl Wernicke led to the concept of delimited cortical centers in the left cerebral hemisphere concerned with discrete aspects of spoken and written language. These specialized centers were linked …
  • Shining a Light on Some of the Most Famous 19th and 20th Century's Neuropsychologists. [Historical Article]
    Front Neurol Neurosci 2019; 44:192-229Walusinski O, Boller F, Henderson VW
  • This chapter pays homage to the masters who made neuropsychology an esteemed and legitimate field in the 19th and 20th centuries. Here we offer a brief biography for each of them and an analysis of their discoveries: Théophile Alajouanine (1890-1980), Henry Charlton Bastian (1837-1915), Arthur L. Benton (1909-2006), Julian de Ajuriaguerra (1911-1993), Ennio De Renzi (1924-2016), Norman Geschwind …
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy-Clinical Pearls. [Review]
    Mayo Clin Proc 2019; 94(6):1065-1072Sinha S, Kataria A, … Loukianova LL
  • Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) was first described by Carl Wernicke in 1881. WE is caused by thiamine deficiency. Alcoholism is the most common etiologic factor associated with WE in the United States, but it can occur in any patient with a nutritional deficiency state such as hyperemesis gravidarum, intestinal obstruction, and malignancy. WE is a clinical diagnosis. The common findings include men…
  • Extreme Overvalued Belief and the Legacy of Carl Wernicke. [Journal Article]
    J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2019; 47(2):180-187Rahman T, Meloy JR, Bauer R
  • Individuals with extreme overvalued beliefs often carry out abhorrent and inexplicable acts of violence. They hold odd and bizarre beliefs that are shared by others in their culture or subculture. This creates a dilemma for the forensic psychiatrist because the definition of delusion may not be adequate. We discuss the evolution of the term "overvalued idea" first described in a forensic context …
  • StatPearls: Conduction Aphasia [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Acharya Aninda B. AB Saint Louis University Maani Christopher V. CV US Army BOOK
  • Aphasia is a term to describe a disturbance of language function that results from brain injury. Most commonly, clinicians characterize aphasia as either a Broca's aphasia/expressive aphasia (with decreased verbal fluency) or a Wernicke's aphasia/receptive aphasia (with decreased comprehension) depending on the location of the brain lesion.[1] Conduction aphasia is a rare form of aphasia were bot…
  • StatPearls: Neuroanatomy, Wernicke Area [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Javed Kinaan K Upike-KYCOM Wroten Michael M Medstar Georgetown University BOOK
  • Wernicke area was first discovered in 1874 by a German neurologist, Carl Wernicke. It has been identified as 1 of 2 areas found in the cerebral cortex that manages speech. Wernicke area is located in Brodmann area 22, the posterior segment of the superior temporal gyrus in the dominant hemisphere.[1] Since 95% of people have a left dominant hemisphere, Wernicke area is usually found on the left s…
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy Due to Hyperemesis Gravidarum in Pregnancy: A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Cureus 2018; 10(7):e2991Talib V, Sultana S, … Yaqoob U
  • Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a life-threatening acute or sub-acute neurological emergency characterized by ataxia, confusion, nystagmus, and ophthalmoparesis caused by thiamine deficiency. It was first described in 1881 by Carl Wernicke with alcohol being the most common cause. We present a rare case of a 35-year-old pregnant female who presented to our emergency department with a history of…
  • StatPearls: Wernicke Aphasia [BOOK]
    StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL) Acharya Aninda B. AB Saint Louis University Wroten Michael M Medstar Georgetown University BOOK
  • Aphasia is an impairment of language function which is localized to the dominant cerebral hemisphere. Traditionally, aphasia is categorized as either an expressive (Broca) or a receptive (Wernicke's) aphasia. Many patients have a component of both types of aphasia. This article describes Wernicke’s aphasia (also called receptive aphasia). This condition was first described by German physician Car…
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