- Surgical Outcomes After Pancreatic Resection of Screening-Detected Lesions in Individuals at High Risk for Developing Pancreatic Cancer. [Journal Article]
- JGJ Gastrointest Surg 2019 Jun 13
- CONCLUSIONS: Screening HRI can detect PDAC with a high resectability rate. Surgical treatment is associated with a relatively short length of stay and low readmission rate, acceptable morbidity, zero 90-day mortality, and significant long-term survival.
- Endoscopic entero-enteral bypass: an effective new approach to the treatment of postsurgical complications of hepaticojejunostomy. [Journal Article]
- EEndoscopy 2019 Jun 04
- CONCLUSIONS: Our retrospective study showed that in patients with BAEs after biliodigestive anastomosis, EEEB is safe, feasible, and allows a successful long-term treatment of different BAEs in a tertiary referral center with high-level experience in both endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and EUS.
- A mixed methods study of perceived barriers to physical activity, geriatric syndromes, and physical activity levels among older adults with peripheral artery disease and diabetes. [Journal Article]
- JVJ Vasc Nurs 2019; 37(2):91-105
- Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such …
Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes, and how these barriers may impact engagement in physical activity. To date, there are no studies that integrate simultaneous assessment of perceived barriers to physical activity and engagement in physical activity in older adults with PAD and diabetes. This integration is key to understanding the implications of barriers to physical activity and to developing strategies to address those barriers. Therefore, this study investigated the unique physical activity experiences of older adults with PAD and diabetes. This study used a concurrent mixed methods design. Ten adults aged 65 years and older with PAD and diabetes completed semistructured interviews about experiences with physical activity, self-reported questionnaires assessing quality of life and fear of falling, and measures of physical function (eg, 6-minute walk test, chair stand, gait speed). Physical activity was measured objectively with accelerometry. Inductive content analysis was used to identify themes, and integrated analysis was performed to evaluate patterns among qualitative and quantitative variables. On average, participants were 74 years old and spent 10% of their time in moderate or vigorous physical activity (range: 3%-18%); 80% of participants were men. Barriers to physical activity identified through qualitative interviews included lack of accessibility, lack of enjoyment of activity, lack of motivation, and pain and physical health. Facilitators to physical activity were social support, accessibility and convenience, and enjoyment of the activity. Participants with more sedentary time and less moderate or vigorous physical activity tended to report greater fear of falling and greater barriers to physical activity and achieved lower distances in 6-minute walk tests. This research provides insight into both the nature of perceived barriers to physical activity and engagement in physical activity among older adults with PAD and diabetes. The integration of self-reported measures and objective measures facilitates our understanding of the lived experiences of individuals with these conditions. Study findings can be used to support further investigation into factors that influence engagement in physical activity in individuals with PAD and diabetes and to assist in the development of strategies to address identified barriers.
- Reactive arthritis secondary to Hafnia alvei enterocolitis. [Journal Article]
- BCBMJ Case Rep 2019 May 28; 12(5)
- Diagnosis of postenteritic reactive arthritis (ReA) is a challenge and might have a broad range of differential diagnoses. A 50-year-old man was referred to our attention because of persistent inflam…
Diagnosis of postenteritic reactive arthritis (ReA) is a challenge and might have a broad range of differential diagnoses. A 50-year-old man was referred to our attention because of persistent inflammatory low back pain and asymmetric oligoarthritis. The clinical history was positive for diarrhoea in the previous 3 months. Inflammatory bowel disease, Whipple and celiac diseases were carefully excluded. In addition, serology, stool cultures, biopsies from the upper gastrointestinal tract yielded negative results for infections. A presumptive diagnosis of ReA was done and a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug trial prescribed. Persistence of symptoms prompted us for a second look of the colon. Biopsy collected from the terminal ileum were cultured and surprisingly colonies of Hafnia alvei, a rod-shaped Enterobacteriaceae, were detected. Treatment with ciprofloxacin leads to fast symptoms resolution. Although enterocolitis from H. alvei has been rarely reported, the culture of intestinal specimens might be recommended in the work-up of patients with suspected postenteritic ReA.
- Experience Implementing Supervised Exercise Therapy for Peripheral Artery Disease. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Clin Exerc Physiol 2019; 8(1):1-12
- CONCLUSIONS: CMS reimbursement has the potential to change clinical practice and utilization of SET for patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease. The experience we have gained through implementation of SET programs across the M Health and Fairview Health Systems and in other Minnesota communities, including specific elements in our programs and the lessons learned from our clinical experience, can inform and help to guide development of new programs.
- Pancreatic Cysts and Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease. [Journal Article]
- PPancreas 2019 May/Jun; 48(5):698-705
- CONCLUSIONS: With MRI, PCLs were detected in 19% and IPMNs in 1% of 271 ADPKD patients with proven mutations, without difference across genotypes. Pancreatic cyst lesions were asymptomatic and remained stable in size.
- Cervical myelopathy as a form of presentation of Whipple disease. [Letter]
- NNeurologia 2019 Apr 30
- Robotic Surgery for Benign and Low-Grade Malignant Diseases of the Duodenum. [Journal Article]
- ASAm Surg 2019 Apr 01; 85(4):414-419
- Robotic duodenal surgery (RDS) is a treatment option for many benign and low-grade malignant duodenal conditions that are not amenable to endoscopic intervention and can avoid morbidity related to op…
Robotic duodenal surgery (RDS) is a treatment option for many benign and low-grade malignant duodenal conditions that are not amenable to endoscopic intervention and can avoid morbidity related to open surgery. A retrospective review of all patients undergoing RDS (non-Whipple) at a tertiary care center from 2010-2017 was carried out. Indications, procedural details, and outcomes were reviewed. Twenty-four patients underwent RDS during the study period: transduodenal resection in 6 patients (25%), wedge resection in 6 patients (25%), transduodenal ampullectomy in 5 patients (21%), sleeve (segmental) resection in 5 patients (21%), duodenojejunostomy bypass in 1 patient (4%), and duodenal diverticulectomy in 1 patient (4%). Median age was 68 years, 54 per cent were male, and median BMI was 27. Adenoma was the most common diagnosis (68%) followed by neuroendocrine tumor (25%), duodenal diverticulum (4%), and refractory superior mesenteric artery syndrome (4%). Seventy-one per cent were symptomatic with gastroinstestinal bleed being the most common presentation. Median tumor size was 27 mm, and the most common location was D2 (58%) followed by D3/D4 (25%) and D1 (17%). Median operating time was 205 minutes and estimated blood loss was 50cc with no patient requiring intraoperative transfusion. Median length of stay was five days (3-21 days). Overall complication rate was 41 per cent (10/24): minor biliopancreatic leak in three patients; ileus in three patients; bleeding, arrhythmia, hypoxia, and headache in one patient each. Three (12%) patients had significant complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ 3) requiring laparoscopic or robotic reoperation, but all three were discharged on or before POD 6 with resolution of complication. Ninety-day readmission rate was 8 per cent and 90-day mortality was 0. Recurrent disease or strictures were not seen in any patient after a median follow-up of 16 months. It has been concluded that RDS is a safe alternative to open or laparoscopic duodenal resection for benign and low-grade malignant conditions not amenable to endoscopic intervention.
- Hospitalization Burden of Biliary Strictures and Cholangitis After Pancreaticoduodenectomy. [Journal Article]
- JSJ Surg Res 2019; 241:95-102
- CONCLUSIONS: Biliary disease due to the PD appears to longitudinally increase length of stay and cost of hospitalization. Compared with gastrointestinal bleed and delayed gastric emptying, biliary strictures and cholangitis are still very high acuity, requiring more extensive medical resources. Minimally invasive surgeries and robotics could play a vital role in minimizing biliary complications and the ensuing hospitalization burden.
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- Closed loop duodenal obstruction secondary to pancreatic carcinoma: a case report. [Journal Article]
- CCComb Chem High Throughput Screen 2019 Apr 11
- Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma may develop into duodenal obstruction during the course of their disease. The diagnosis of obstruction can be generally achieved by means of imaging technologi…
Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma may develop into duodenal obstruction during the course of their disease. The diagnosis of obstruction can be generally achieved by means of imaging technologies. We reported a rare case of pancreatic tumor with duodenal obstruction accompanied by obstructive symptoms, which was finally confirmed by laparotomy. A 68-year-old man was admitted to our department with a 3-day medical history of upper abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The diagnosis of duodenal obstruction was established by means of various imagings including computed tomography (CT) scan, gastroscopy and upper gastrointestinal imaging. Upper gastrointestinal imaging and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed extrinsic tumor mass was noted at the second and third portion of the duodenum accompanied by duodenal obstruction and dilatation, respectively. Laparotomy confirmed a tumor mass arising from the head and uncinate process of pancreas, which had invaded the second and third portions of the duodenum and caused closed loop obstruction. A pancreaticoduodenectomy (Whipple procedure) was performed followed by therapeutic trade-off according to intraoperative exploration. Postoperative histopathology revealed pancreatic tumor only infiltrated duodenal wall, while resection margins of pancreas, common bile duct and duodenum were all negative. The patient was cured and discharged home 12 days after surgery. The present case indicated radical operation in our study appeared to be the first choice treatment for patients with malignant duodenal obstruction.