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(abuse)
377,055 results
  • Exercise and Neural Adaptations: Designing a Novel Treatment for Alcohol Addiction. [Journal Article]
    Altern Ther Health Med 2019Moriarty T, Bourbeau K, Zuhl M
  • CONCLUSIONS: Given the current reviews findings on the neural mechanisms of alcohol addiction, the neurophysiological basis of exercise treatment, and the results of exercise interventions during alcohol treatment the current research team has developed a novel approach to treatment of alcohol addiction by incorporating aerobic interval exercise into traditional, evidence-based, cognitive behavioral therapy. The benefits of exercise may promote and compliment CBT treatment and lead to reduced drinking outcomes.
  • Association between homelessness and opioid overdose and opioid-related hospital admissions/emergency department visits. [Journal Article]
    Soc Sci Med 2019; 242:112585Yamamoto A, Needleman J, … Tsugawa Y
  • CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with no ED visit or hospitalization in 2014 were not included.Homeless individuals had disproportionately higher adjusted risk of opioid-related outcomes compared to low-income housed individuals treated at the same hospital. Among homeless individuals, non-Hispanic White females incurred the highest risk. These findings highlight the importance of recognizing the homeless population-especially the non-Hispanic White female homeless population-as a high-risk population for opioid overdose.
  • The nexus of opioids, pain, and addiction: Challenges and solutions. [Journal Article]
    Prev Med 2019; :105852Henningfield JE, Ashworth JB, … Schnoll SH
  • Pain and addiction are complex disorders with many commonalities. Beneficial outcomes for both disorders can be achieved through similar principles such as individualized medication selection and dosing, comprehensive multi-modal therapies, and judicious modification of treatment as indicated by the patient's status. This is implicit in the term "medication assisted treatment" (MAT) for opioid us…
  • Implementing social justice in the transition from illicit to legal cannabis. [Journal Article]
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2019; :1-16Adinoff B, Reiman A
  • Background: The legalization of cannabis for adult use is being increasingly embraced in several countries and local entities. A driving force for these changes has been the individual, family, community, societal, and economic costs of cannabis prohibition, which have fallen most heavily upon disadvantaged minority populations. Objectives: In this review, we explore whether the legalization of c…
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