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112,173 results
  • [Virtual reality in upper extremity dysfunction: specific features of usage in acute stroke]. [Journal Article]
    Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult 2019; 96(5):19-28Dolganov MV, Karpova MI
  • CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of studies evaluating the effect of VR in upper extremity dysfunction are conducted in patients with stroke lasting longer than 3 months. Despite the validity of using VR in the acute period of cerebral lesion, the investigations of this design are not numerous. At the same time, these studies often have limitations, such as a small number of participants (usually less than 10); a small number of training VR sessions; lack of 'blinding'; different types of software and hardware systems that implement VR technology; heterogeneity of participants according to the degree of upper extremity dysfunction; insufficient detailing of the content and scope of conventional therapy; comparison of VR with basic methods of motor rehabilitation, and sometimes the absence of a control group.Thus, the use of VR in addition to standard rehabilitation measures in the acute period of stroke favors improvements in upper extremity function and a reduction in daily limitations and is safe.
  • High-Intensity Functional Training Shows Promise for Improving Physical Functioning and Activity in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Pilot Study. [Journal Article]
    J Geriatr Phys Ther 2019Heinrich KM, Crawford DA, … Andrews V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study recruitment rate was 88.9% and 87.5% of participants adhered. Intervention acceptability was promising, as 4 participants reported liking multiple aspects of the intervention (eg, coaching/supervision and similar age peers). Intervention effectiveness was promising with significant improvement in 1 of 5 physical function measures, although clinical effects were most likely trivial. Participants reported increased participation in both leisure and structured physical activities.HIFT appeared feasible and showed promise for counteracting the loss of physical function and sedentary behaviors associated with aging. Results should be confirmed in a longer, fully powered study.
  • Assessing Functional Capacity and Factors Determining Functional Decline in the Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Study. [Journal Article]
    Acta Med Port 2019; 32(10):654-660Oliveira A, Nossa P, Mota-Pinto A
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that no statistically observable differences were found between gender and functional dependence. A significant association between the Barthel index and cohabitation was also found. We should also highlight that this sample revealed the extremely important role of families in determining the protection of highly dependent older people. Likewise, a significant association was observed between instrumental activities of daily living and levels of physical activity in which greater independence was found in those seniors who practiced physical exercise three or more times per week.The results of this study allow us to identify factors that may be associated with the functional decline in the elderly. Useful evidence for the adoption of intervention strategies in the elderly population was added, focused on the prevention of functional decline and maintenance of the functional capacities of the elderly.
  • Early improvement in patient reported disability after bariatric surgery. [Journal Article]
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019Spann MD, Wang E, … McEvoy MD
  • CONCLUSIONS: We report early improvement in disability with a validated tool at 1 and 3 months after bariatric surgery. This equates to global disability in this cohort improving from the 75th percentile of the population norm preoperatively to the 50th percentile at 3 months. Further studies are needed to determine if this is sustained long-term.
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