- [Clinical and epidemiological profile of pediatric uveitis, course of inflammatory uveitis treated with anti-TNF alpha]. [Journal Article]
- JFJ Fr Ophtalmol 2018 May 16
- CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic criteria based adult systemic disease are sometimes inappropriate for children. The advent of anti-TNFα appears to improve the visual prognosis of inflammatory uveitis resistant to conventional immunosuppressant therapy, but we still need to perfect protocols for their use.There are neither standardized etiological assessment nor clear diagnostic and therapeutic protocols for children. TNFα inhibitors are more effective in controlling inflammation in severe pediatric uveitis.
- Effect of 2 Psoriasis Treatments on Vascular Inflammation and Novel Inflammatory Cardiovascular Biomarkers: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. [Journal Article]
- CCCirc Cardiovasc Imaging 2018; 11(6):e007394
- CONCLUSIONS: Adalimumab reduced key markers of inflammation including glycoprotein acetylation compared with phototherapy with no effect on glucose metabolism and vascular inflammation, and potential adverse effects on high-density lipoprotein. Glycoprotein acetylation improvement may partially explain the beneficial effects of adalimumab seen in observational studies. Larger studies with more detailed phenotyping of vascular disease should assess the comparative differences in the effects of adalimumab and phototherapy seen in our study.
- Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) response in moderate-severe psoriatic patients switched to adalimumab: results from the OPPSA study. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2018 May 18
- CONCLUSIONS: Adalimumab was effective at reducing PASI score over 3 years, irrespective of whether patients were biologic-naïve, or previously treated with a TNF-alpha or IL-12/23 inhibitor. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis. [Review]
- BPBest Pract Res Clin Rheumatol 2017; 31(4):517-534
- Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the commonest rheumatic disease in children and JIA-associated uveitis its most frequent extra-articular manifestation. The uveitis is potentially sight-threate...
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the commonest rheumatic disease in children and JIA-associated uveitis its most frequent extra-articular manifestation. The uveitis is potentially sight-threatening and thus carries a considerable risk of morbidity with associated reduction in quality of life. The commonest form of uveitis seen in association with JIA is chronic anterior uveitis, which is almost always asymptomatic in the initial stages. Therefore, screening for JIA-associated uveitis in at-risk patients is essential. The aim of early detection and treatment is to minimise intraocular inflammation and to avoid complications that lead to visual loss, which can result from both disease activity and medications. The sight-threatening complications of JIA-associated uveitis include cataracts, glaucoma, band keratopathy, and macular oedema. There is increasing evidence for the early introduction of systemic immunosuppressive therapies to reduce topical and systemic use of glucocorticoids. A recently published randomised controlled trial of adalimumab in JIA-associated uveitis now provides convincing evidence for the use of this biologic in patients who fail to respond adequately to methotrexate. Tocilizumab and abatacept are being investigated as alternatives in children inadequately treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor drugs.
- Biologics in SAPHO syndrome: A systematic review. [Review]
- SASemin Arthritis Rheum 2018 Apr 17
- CONCLUSIONS: In SAPHO patients not responding to conventional treatment, TNF blockers appear to be the first choice. In patients failing TNF blockers, IL-1 inhibitors and biologics targeting the IL-17/IL-23 axis could be used.
- Anti-TNF levels in cord blood at birth are associated with anti-TNF type. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Crohns Colitis 2018 May 15
- CONCLUSIONS: Our linear regression model shows that ADA may be continued longer during pregnancy as transportation over the placenta is lower than IFX. This may reduce relapse risk of the mother without increasing fetal anti-TNF exposure.
- Multifocal motor neuropathy following treatment with adalimumab for ulcerative colitis. [Letter]
- JNJ Neurol 2018 May 16
- [Current and prospective biologics and small molecules in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases]. [Journal Article]
- VLVnitr Lek 2018; 64(3):280-289
- Crohns disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) belong to chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, which are induced by autoimmune processes. While CD is characterized by over-activity of Th1, ILC1, and ...
Crohns disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) belong to chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, which are induced by autoimmune processes. While CD is characterized by over-activity of Th1, ILC1, and MAIT cells, UC is mediated by exaggerated activities of Th2 and ILC2 cells and cytokines they produce. Knowledge of the pathogenesis enabled a rational therapy based mostly on biologics and small molecules. TNF is the principal proinflammatory cytokine in both diseases. Anti-TNF monoclonal antibodies, mostly infliximab or adalimumab were therefore introduced to their treatment. Approximately 50-70 % of CD and more than 33 % of UC patients respond to primary treatment only, which resulted in the development of other biologics and small molecules. Out of them, monoclonal antibodies targeting adhesive molecules (vedolizumab, etrolizumab) and p40 chains shared by IL12 and IL23 (ustekinumab) have been already in clinical practice. There are also other small molecules in clinical trials: mongersen, tafacitinib, and ozanimod. Mongersen supports immunosuppressive activity of TGFβ; it has been tried for the treatment of CD. Tofacitinib inhibits activity of JAK kinases; it was shown to be effective in UC management. Ozanimod interferes with migrations of activated T cells to the site of inflammation and is a promising drug for the UC treatment.Key words: Crohns disease - mongersen - monoclonal antibodies - ozanimod - tofacitinib - ulcerative colitis.
- Efficacy of adalimumab and infliximab in recalcitrant retinal vasculitis inadequately responsive to other immunomodulatory therapies. [Journal Article]
- CRClin Rheumatol 2018 May 15
- The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α blockers adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in refractory sight-threatening retinal vasculitis (RV) durin...
The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α blockers adalimumab (ADA) and infliximab (IFX) in refractory sight-threatening retinal vasculitis (RV) during a 12-month follow-up period. Secondary aims were to evaluate (i) any impact of concomitant conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (cDMARDs) and different lines of biologic therapy; (ii) any difference in terms of efficacy between ADA and IFX; (iii) consequences of biotherapies on the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA); (iv) corticosteroid-sparing effect; and (vi) ocular complications during anti-TNF-α treatment. Demographic, clinical, and therapeutic data were retrospectively collected from the medical records and statistically analyzed. Forty-eight patients (82 eyes) were recruited, 22 (45.8%) of which received IFX and 26 (54.2%) ADA. The percentages of patients achieving RV remission within 3 and 12 months were 54 and 86%, respectively. A significant decrease in RV detection was identified from baseline to 3-month (p < 0.0001) and 12-month (p < 0.0001) assessments and between 3-month and 12-month visits (p = 0.004). No differences were identified in terms of RV resolution between (i) patients undergoing monotherapy and those co-administered with cDMARDs at 3-month (p = 0.560) and 12-month (p = 0.611) follow-up; (ii) biologic-naïve patients and those already exposed to other biologics at 3-month (p = 0.497) and 12-month (p > 0.99) visits; and (iii) patients treated with ADA and those treated with IFX (p = 0.357). During the study period, a statistically significant corticosteroid-sparing effect was observed (p = 0.0002), while BCVA values did not significantly change (p = 0.950). Anti-TNF-α monoclonal antibodies have proved excellent results in patients with recalcitrant sight-threatening RV.
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- Low starting dosage of infliximab with possible escalating dosage in psoriatic arthritis gives the same treatment results as standard dosage of adalimumab or etanercept: results from the nationwide Icelandic ICEBIO registry. [Journal Article]
- PPsoriasis (Auckl) 2018; 8:13-19
- CONCLUSIONS: In respect to treatment effects, a low dosage of infliximab with possible escalating dosage is acceptable for the majority of PsA patients who are in need of biological treatment.