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23,520 results
  • How maladaptive cognitions contribute to the development of problematic social media use. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100267.Fioravanti G, Flett G, … Casale S
  • CONCLUSIONS: In line with the cognitive-behavioral model of problematic Internet use, the present study suggests the primary importance of maladaptive cognitions about the self (i.e. perfectionism discrepancies) and the world (i.e. social hopelessness) for the development of a preference for online social interactions. In particular, the present study shows that individuals are likely to opt for online social interactions as a function of their pessimistic social expectancies and the sense of inadequacy that comes from perceptions of falling short of expectations.
  • The relationship between narcissism, intensity of Facebook use, Facebook flow and Facebook addiction. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100265.Brailovskaia J, Bierhoff HW, … Margraf J
  • CONCLUSIONS: Excessive Facebook use may cause psychological dependence. Narcissistic individuals are at enhanced risk for this form of dependence that is fostered by experience of flow during Facebook use and intensity of Facebook use. Current results should be taken into account, when assessing individuals at risk for pathological Facebook use and when planning specific interventions to deal with it.
  • A brief review of choice bundling: A strategy to reduce delay discounting and bolster self-control. [Review]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100262.Ashe ML, Wilson SJ
  • Choice bundling is a behavioral economic strategy designed to reduce excessive delay discounting and bolster self-control. Choice bundling entails aggregating a series of individual, identical intertemporal decisions (e.g., should I smoke today?) into a single choice (e.g., should I smoke this month?). In this brief review, we succinctly summarize delay discounting and how it has been linked to l…
  • Parenting styles and metacognitions as predictors of cannabis use. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100259.Brosnan T, Kolubinski DC, Spada MM
  • Metacognitions, the beliefs held about internal mental processes and the strategies aimed at controlling such processes, are known to play a significant role in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviours. Specifically, lack of cognitive confidence and beliefs about the need to control thoughts have been implicated across addictive behaviours. No research to date, though, has explored…
  • Passive objective measures in the assessment of problematic smartphone use: A systematic review. [Review]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100257.Ryding FC, Kuss DJ
  • Research focussing on problematic smartphone use has predominantly employed psychometric tests which cannot capture the automatic processes and behaviours associated with problematic use. The present review aimed to identify passive objective measures that have been used or developed to assess problematic smartphone use. A systematic search was conducted using Web of Science, Scopus, PsychInfo an…
  • Effects of frequent marijuana use on risky decision-making in young adult college students. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100253.Casey JL, Cservenka A
  • Marijuana (MJ) is the most widely used illicit substance among adolescents and young adults. Frequent MJ use has been associated with impairments in cognitive flexibility and inhibition, both of which play important roles in decision-making. However, the impact of frequent MJ use on decision-making performance is mixed and not well understood. The current study examined the influence of frequent …
  • Narcissism and problematic social media use: A systematic literature review. [Review]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100252.Casale S, Banchi V
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results generally revealed that narcissism might be involved in PFU, but it might not have consistent effects across social media platforms. The assessment of problematic social media use without distinguishing different platforms might not individuate narcissists' preferences and risks. However, our findings need to be interpreted with caution not only due to the relatively small number of studies on this topic but also because 19 studies out 21 used a cross-sectional design.
  • Once online poker, always online poker? Poker modality trajectories over two years. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100251.Dufour M, Morvannou A, … Berbiche D
  • Online poker is considered more at-risk than land-based poker in terms of intense gambling behaviors and gambling problems. The development of many online gambling sites has raised public health concerns about the potential increase in online poker players. Longitudinal studies are useful to better understand the evolution of gambling behaviors; however, very few consider online poker players. Us…
  • Sensitivity and specificity of a commercial urinary ethyl glucuronide (ETG) test in heavy drinkers. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100249.Grodin EN, Nguyen XT, … Ray LA
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes to the mixed findings on the validity of EtG tests, which suggest that commercial uEtG tests with conservative detection thresholds are not a reliable alcohol biomarker without corroborating self-report data. Lower detection thresholds are recommended when using uEtG as an alcohol biomarker. Efforts to reach acceptable levels of sensitivity and specificity with commercial assays hold potential to advance the measurement of alcohol intake, overcoming the pitfalls of self-report data.
  • E-cigarette and hookah adoption patterns: Is the harm reduction theory just so much smoke? [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100246.Ford EW, Chan KS, … Huerta TR
  • CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of nicotine products previously unavailable in the U.S is creating new modes for smoking initiation in the age groups most likely to begin a new habit. There is little evidence that smokers in the older HINTS cohorts are using the e-cigarette as a smoking cessation tool. The rise of cigar use in the younger cohort may indicate that legal products are being mixed with illicit substances (i.e., 'blunting').
  • Parenting paused: Pathological video game use and parenting outcomes. [Journal Article]
    Addict Behav Rep. 2020 Jun; 11:100244.Stockdale L, Coyne SM
  • For most people, playing video games is a normal recreational activity, with little disruption to gamers' emotional, social, or physical health and well-being. However, for a small percentage of gamers, video gaming can become pathological (Fam, 2018). Substantial research has examined pathological gaming in teens and young adults (Cheng, Cheung, & Wang, 2018; Choo, Gentile, Sim, Khoo, & Liau, 20…
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