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(addiction ministry)
644 results
  • Chronic ketamine abuse is associated with orexin-A reduction and ACTH elevation. [Journal Article]
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2019Huang MC, Chen CH, … Xu K
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that KD patients had persistent orexin-A reduction and stress hormone dysregulation in early abstinence. The anxious phenotype of KD might be associated with a lower orexin-A expression. These results point to a promising pathway to investigate the neurochemical mechanisms of ketamine addiction.
  • Pharmacogenetics of alcohol addiction: current perspectives. [Journal Article]
    Appl Clin Genet 2019; 12:131-140Zastrozhin MS, Skryabin VY, … Sychev DA
  • Genetics of alcohol addiction is currently a contradictive and complex field, where data in the most studies reflect methods' limitations rather than meaningful and complementary results. In our review, we focus on the genetics of alcohol addiction, leaving genetics of acute alcohol intoxication out of the scope. A review of the literature on pharmacogenetic biomarkers development for the pharmac…
  • Opium poisoning in modern times. An overview. [Review]
    Forensic Sci Int 2019; 302:109848Martínez MA, Ballesteros S
  • Opium is a substance extracted from Papaver somniferum L that is chronically abused specially in the traditional production regions. Reports on opium poisoning has largely disappeared from the occidental literature on drug problems but recent scientific articles show cases of death related to opium in industrialized countries. This fact led us to consider the interest of knowing the state of the …
  • Psychostimulant use and the brain. [Journal Article]
    Addiction 2019Lappin JM, Sara GE
  • Psychostimulant users are typically young adults. We have conducted a narrative review of neuropsychiatric harms associated with the psychostimulants methamphetamine/amphetamine, cocaine and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), focusing on epidemiological factors, common clinical presentations, underlying causal mechanisms and treatment options. The major neuropsychiatric harms of psychostim…
  • [Questions of the therapy of sleep disorders in hospital practice]. [Journal Article]
    Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019; 119(4. Vyp. 2):69-72Yakupov EZ, Troshina YV, Artemieva DV
  • The article provides data on the prevalence of insomnia disorders in general medical practice. There is low awareness of both the medical community and the public about sleep disorders. The authors highlight main directions of medical correction of insomnia and present data on the positive and side effects of the main drugs, in particular, on the formation of benzodiazepine addiction in the group…
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