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13,407 results
  • Insights into Aflatoxin B1 Toxicity in Cattle: An In Vitro Whole-Transcriptomic Approach. [Journal Article]
    Toxins (Basel). 2020 Jun 29; 12(7)Pauletto M, Tolosi R, … Dacasto M
  • Aflatoxins, and particularly aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), are toxic mycotoxins to humans and farm animal species, resulting in acute and chronic toxicities. At present, AFB1 is still considered a global concern with negative impacts on health, the economy, and social life. In farm animals, exposure to AFB1-contaminated feed may cause several untoward effects, liver damage being one of the most devastatin…
  • Redomesticating Almond to Meet Emerging Food Safety Needs. [Journal Article]
    Front Plant Sci. 2020; 11:778.Gradziel TM
  • Almond is a desirable and high-quality food source where the presence of nut allergens and a vulnerability to aflatoxin and Salmonella contamination represent threats to consumer safety. In 2019, over 1 billion kg. of almonds, representing over 80% of the world total, were produced in California from a relatively few varieties with a very narrow genetic base. To address emerging needs mandated by…
  • The in vitro effects of aflatoxin B1 on physiological functions of swine alveolar macrophages. [Journal Article]
    Vet Med Sci. 2020 Jun 28 [Online ahead of print]Pang VF, Chiang CF, Chang CC
  • The toxic effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) on the physiological functions of swine alveolar macrophages (SAM) were investigated. Freshly isolated SAM were incubated with various AFB1 concentrations (1.6 × 10-1  - 1.6 × 105  nmol/L) and time periods, and their phagocytic ability, synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein, and cell activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), were analysed. Results demonstrated …
  • Aflatoxicosis in cattle: clinical findings and biochemical alterations. [Journal Article]
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Jun 27 [Online ahead of print]Elgioushy MM, Elgaml SA, … Hashish EA
  • Aflatoxicosis is a serious health condition resulted from aflatoxin (AF)-producing fungi. Major health threats resulted from AFs and reflect on the livestock industry with great economic losses. There are limited scientific evidences concerning the AFs in ruminant, therefore it is important to evaluate AFs health hazards in cattle. Here, we investigate biochemical, oxidative stress, and postmorte…
  • Use of Dual RNA-seq for Systems Biology Analysis of Zea mays and Aspergillus flavus Interaction. [Journal Article]
    Front Microbiol. 2020; 11:853.Musungu B, Bhatnagar D, … Geisler M
  • The interaction between Aspergillus flavus and Zea mays is complex, and the identification of plant genes and pathways conferring resistance to the fungus has been challenging. Therefore, the authors undertook a systems biology approach involving dual RNA-seq to determine the simultaneous response from the host and the pathogen. What was dramatically highlighted in the analysis is the uniformity …
  • Exposure Assessment of Multiple Mycotoxins in Black and White Sesame Seeds Consumed in Thailand. [Journal Article]
    J Food Prot. 2020 Jul 01; 83(7):1198-1207.Pongpraket M, Poapolathep A, … Poapolathep S
  • This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of 16 well-recognized and emerging mycotoxins in black and white sesame seed samples sold in Thailand and to evaluate possible health risks to consumers. Samples were extracted and cleaned with a modified QuEChERS procedure. Multiple mycotoxins in sesame seed samples were analyzed with a validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry …
  • The Impact of Bt Corn on Aflatoxin-Related Insurance Claims in the United States. [Journal Article]
    Sci Rep. 2020 Jun 22; 10(1):10046.Yu J, Hennessy DA, Wu F
  • Previous field studies have reached no collective consensus on whether Bt corn, the most commonly planted transgenic crop worldwide, has significantly lower aflatoxin levels than non-Bt isolines. Aflatoxin, a mycotoxin contaminating corn and other commodities, causes liver cancer in humans and can pose severe economic losses to farmers. We found that from 2001-2016, a significant inverse correlat…
  • Assessment of aflatoxin in milk and feed samples and impact of seasonal variations in the Punjab, Pakistan. [Journal Article]
    Food Sci Nutr. 2020 Jun; 8(6):2699-2709.Akbar N, Nasir M, … Atif M
  • The present study was designed to assess the incidence of aflatoxin contamination in animal feed and raw milk samples (total 240 each) collected from dairy farms during the complete year of 2015. These samples were collected through a cluster random sampling technique by dividing the province of Punjab, Pakistan into five clusters (north, south, east, west and central). Factors (environmental & p…
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