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6,434 results
  • Cardiac hydatid cyst in the right ventricle: An unusual case at a rare site. [Case Reports]
    J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2020 Jun; 15(3):249-252.Aljaber NN, Alshoabi SA, … Daqqaq TS
  • Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection by the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. It affects liver, lungs and rarely other organs. Medical imaging provide the basis for diagnosis. This case report describes an extremely rare location of cardiac hydatid cyst in the right ventricle of the heart. We describe a 23-year-old woman who presented with shortness of breath and productiv…
  • Drug repurposing applied: Activity of the anti-malarial mefloquine against Echinococcus multilocularis. [Journal Article]
    Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist. 2020 Jul 02 [Online ahead of print]Lundström-Stadelmann B, Rufener R, Hemphill A
  • The current chemotherapeutical treatment against alveolar echinococcosis relies exclusively on benzimidazoles, which are not parasiticidal and can induce severe toxicity. There are no alternative treatment options. To identify novel drugs with activity against Echinococcus multilocularis metacestodes, researchers have studied potentially interesting drug targets (e.g. the parasite's energy metabo…
  • Human Ascariasis: An Updated Review. [Journal Article]
    Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov. 2020 Jul 05 [Online ahead of print]Leung AKC, Leung AAM, … Hon KL
  • CONCLUSIONS: The average cure rate with anthelminthic treatment is over 95%. Unfortunately, most treated patients in endemic areas become re-infected within months. Health education, personal hygiene, improved sanitary conditions, proper disposal of human excreta, and discontinuing the use of human fecal matter as a fertilizer are effective long-term preventive measures. Targeting deworming treatment and mass anthelminthic treatment should be considered in regions where A. lumbricoides is prevalent.
  • Trichinella spiralis-associated myocarditis mimicking acute myocardial infarction. [Journal Article]
    Acta Clin Belg. 2020 Jul 04 [Online ahead of print]Mohib O, Clevenbergh P, … Castro Rodriguez J
  • Background Trichinellosis is a parasitic infection caused by nematodes of the genus Trichinella, and its principal mode of transmission is the consumption of raw or undercooked contaminated meat. Cardiac involvement in trichinellosis is unusual, yet it represents the most frequent cause of death. Here, we report a case in which Trichinella spiralis-associated myocarditis simulated a myocardial in…
  • Anthelmintic Activity of Yeast Particle-Encapsulated Terpenes. [Journal Article]
    Molecules. 2020 Jun 27; 25(13)Mirza Z, Soto ER, … Ostroff GR
  • Soil-transmitted nematodes (STN) infect 1-2 billion of the poorest people worldwide. Only benzimidazoles are currently used in mass drug administration, with many instances of reduced activity. Terpenes are a class of compounds with anthelmintic activity. Thymol, a natural monoterpene phenol, was used to help eradicate hookworms in the U.S. South circa 1910. However, the use of terpenes as anthel…
  • Esophageal Scab Mimicking a Parasite: A Case Report. [Journal Article]
    Am J Case Rep. 2020 Jun 27; 21:e925199.Liu WP, Huan D, … Tao ZY
  • CONCLUSIONS: The scab formed by the esophageal ulcer was identified based on clinical manifestations, anti-helminth and stool examinations, parasite morphology, and molecular biology. Our experience with this case suggests that the universal barcoding technique can be used for identification of foreign bodies suspected to be parasites.
  • Case Report: The First Direct Evidence of Gnathostoma spinigerum Migration through Human Lung. [Journal Article]
    Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 Jun 22 [Online ahead of print]Sivakorn C, Promthong K, … Watthanakulpanich D
  • Gnathostomiasis is a helminthic infection caused by the third-stage larvae of nematodes of the genus Gnathostoma. The life cycle in humans starts with an enteric phase, with the worm perforating the gastric or intestinal mucosa to reach the peritoneal cavity and migrating through the human body. Subsequent penetration through the diaphragm may produce pleuropulmonary symptoms. We herein present a…
  • An Asymptomatic Case of Radiologically Active Neurocysticercosis. [Case Reports]
    Cureus. 2020 May 21; 12(5):e8219.Ronen JA, Ammu A, … Vaikuntam A
  • The case describes an 82-year-old right-handed Hispanic male with multiple chronic comorbidities complaining of upper and lower extremity weakness as well as paresthesias that had been worsening over the last two weeks. He had bilateral upper and lower extremity weakness that was worse on the right and he complained of not being able to walk on his own with several falls preceding admission becau…
  • Control of taeniasis and cysticercosis in China. [Journal Article]
    Adv Parasitol. 2020; 110:289-317.Qian MB, Xiao N, … Zhou XN
  • National surveys suggest that the prevalence of taeniasis has considerably decreased in China, while reported cases indicated T. solium cysticercosis was historically highly endemic in northeastern, central and southwestern China. The high prevalence of taeniasis and cysticercosis there was driven by socio-ecological determinants. Cysticercosis may occur in the central nervous system, spinal cord…
  • Frequency and determinant factors for calcification in neurocysticercosis. [Journal Article]
    Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Jun 17 [Online ahead of print]Bustos JA, Arroyo G, … Cysticercosis Working Group in Peru
  • CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 38% of parenchymal cysts calcify after antiparasitic treatment. Some factors associated to calcification are modifiable and may be approached to decrease or avoid calcification, potentially decreasing the risk for seizure relapses.
  • Primary Thoracic Wall Hydatid Cyst Extended to the Abdominal wall: A Case Report. [Case Reports]
    Iran J Med Sci. 2020 May; 45(3):220-223.Godazandeh G, Mokhtari-Esbuie F, Azooji S
  • Hydatid disease (HD) is an infectious disease caused by echinococcosis. Hydatid cyst (HC) most commonly invades the liver (60-70%) and the lungs (20-25%). However, other parts of the body and even unusual locations can be infected, mimicking a benign lesion that could be easily missed. Primary HC of the chest wall is extremely rare, even in countries where echinococcosis is endemic. We herein pre…
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