- Nivolumab-induced lichenoid dermatitis occurring in a patient with metastatic melanoma successfully treated with alitretinoin. [Letter]
- CEClin Exp Dermatol 2018 Feb 16
- An Update on the Use of Alitretinoin for Chronic Hand Dermatitis in a Dermatology Practice Setting. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Cutan Med Surg 2018 Jan/Feb; 22(1):102-103
- Kaposi's sarcoma in HIV-infected patients in the era of new antiretrovirals. [Journal Article]
- EREur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2017; 21(24):5868-5869
- Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS) is a multicentric angioproliferative cancer of endothelial cells (ECs) caused by Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) characterized by clinical heterogeneity depending on the host immune ...
Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS) is a multicentric angioproliferative cancer of endothelial cells (ECs) caused by Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) characterized by clinical heterogeneity depending on the host immune conditions. Despite its incidence has dramatically decreased in developed countries after the introduction of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), KS remains the most frequent tumor in HIV-infected patients worldwide. Clinical presentation varies from an indolent slowly progressive behavior, generally limited to the skin, to an aggressive and rapidly progressing disease. In more than 50% of cases, the skin lesions are often associated with a more or less important visceral involvement, particularly to the oral cavity and the gastrointestinal tract that are involved in 35% and 40% of cases respectively. A large number of treatments can be used both as local and as systemic therapy. Particularly, HAART represents the first treatment in patients with moderate lesions limited to skin, and it can be sufficient to reduce significantly the size of lesions and, often, the complete disappear in 35% of cases after 3-9 months of treatment. In case of a rapidly progressive disease with extensive cutaneous and/or visceral involvement systemic drugs are used such as the liposomal anthracyclines pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and daunorubicin citrate liposome (DNX), the combined treatment adriamycin-bleomycin-vincristine (ABV) and bleomycin-vincristine (BV), Paclitaxel and Interferon-alfa. In patients with limited skin localization, the local treatment can play an important role. Local medical therapy is based on the use of alitretinoin, antineoplastic drugs vincristine, vinblastine and bleomycin and Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate (STS). In addition to medical therapy, physical treatment, such as cryotherapy and radiotherapy, are also commonly used.
- Alitretinoin treatment of lichen amyloidosis. [Journal Article]
- DTDermatol Ther 2017; 30(6)
- Lichen amyloidosis (LA) is characterized by the deposition of amyloid that may respond to chronic scratching that may be secondary to atopic dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, or interface dermatitis. De...
Lichen amyloidosis (LA) is characterized by the deposition of amyloid that may respond to chronic scratching that may be secondary to atopic dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, or interface dermatitis. Despite the development of several therapeutic strategies, including topical steroids, oral antihistamines, cyclosporine, and retinoids, an effective treatment for LA has not been established. A 49-year-old woman who has been treated irregularly for atopic dermatitis for 7 years presented with localized brownish papules on the left forearm and right elbow. They developed 3 months prior and were becoming more prominent despite of treatment with cyclosporine, oral antihistamines, and topical steroids for 5 months prior to presentation. A skin biopsy revealed amyloid deposition in the dermal papillae and the patient was diagnosed with LA associated with atopic dermatitis. A 6-month course of daily oral alitretinoin 30 mg produced marked improvement in the thickness and color of the hyperkeratotic papules without aggravation of the patient's atopic dermatitis. Histologic evaluation showed clearance of amyloid deposition and almost normalization of the epidermal changes. Herein, we report a case of LA treated with alitretinoin and suggest that it could be a potential treatment option for LA, especially in patients with inflammatory skin diseases including atopic dermatitis.
- Consequences of the natural retinoid/retinoid X receptor ligands action in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cell line: Focus on functional proteomics. [Journal Article]
- TLToxicol Lett 2017 Nov 05; 281:26-34
- The main intention of this study was the investigation of impact of natural biologically active ligands of nuclear retinoid/retinoid X receptors (all-trans and 9-cis retinoic acid) on proteomic patte...
The main intention of this study was the investigation of impact of natural biologically active ligands of nuclear retinoid/retinoid X receptors (all-trans and 9-cis retinoic acid) on proteomic pattern in human estrogen receptor negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. For this purpose, proteomic strategies based on bottom-up method were applied. The total cell proteins were extracted utilizing a commercially Radio-Immunoprecipitation Assay (RIPA) buffer and separated on 2D sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D SDS-PAGE). The proteins were subsequently digested in-gel by trypsin and their characterization was achieved by MALDI-TOF/TOF. By employing PDQuest™ software, we identified more than 50 proteins affected by retinoic acid isomers. For more information, 9 proteins which are associated with tumor process were selected. We determined that derivatives of retinoic acid led to significantly reduced level of proteins belonging to metabolic pathway (e.g. glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase or pyruvate kinase 2) or to other cellular processes as apoptosis, regulation of transcription process or epithelial-mesenchymal transition (e.g. annexins, nucleoside diphosphate kinase B, vimentin). On the other hand all-trans retinoic acid treatment indicates up-regulated effect for heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1.
- Two Cases of Successful Treatment of Refractory Chronic Inflammatory Skin Disease, Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis with Oral Alitretinoin. [Journal Article]
- ADAnn Dermatol 2017; 29(4):503-506
- Psychiatric disorders, acne and systemic retinoids: comparison of risks. [Journal Article]
- EOExpert Opin Drug Saf 2017; 16(9):989-995
- CONCLUSIONS: Our study raises the hypothesis that psychiatric disorders associated with isotretinoin are related to a class effect of retinoids, as a signal emerges for alitretinoin. Complementary studies are necessary to estimate the risk and further determine at-risk populations.
- Treatment of disseminated superficial actinic porokeratosis with oral alitretinoin. [Letter]
- JEJ Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017; 31(11):e505-e507
- Cloning and functional characterization of a retinoid X receptor orthologue in Platynereis dumerilii: An evolutionary and toxicological perspective. [Journal Article]
- CChemosphere 2017; 182:753-761
- In the present work we provide the first isolation and functional characterization of a RXR orthologue in an annelid species, the Platynereis dumerilii. Using an in vitro luciferase reporter assay we...
In the present work we provide the first isolation and functional characterization of a RXR orthologue in an annelid species, the Platynereis dumerilii. Using an in vitro luciferase reporter assay we evaluated the annelid receptor ability to respond to ligand 9-cis-retinoic acid, TBT and TPT. Our results show that the annelid RXR responds to 9-cis-retinoic acid and to the organotins by activating reporter gene transcription. The findings suggest a conserved mode of action of the receptor in response to a common signaling molecule and modulation by organotin compounds between vertebrates and Lophotrochozoans.
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- Alitretinoin therapy for palmoplantar pustulosis. [Letter]
- BJBr J Dermatol 2017; 177(2):578-579