- Effects of supplementation with α-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, selenium, or their combination in linseed oil-enriched diets on the oxidative status in broilers. [Journal Article]
- PSPoult Sci 2018 Feb 15
- A trial was conducted to investigate whether, and if so to what extent, the combined supplementation of vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium was superior to their sole supplementation concerning the ox...
A trial was conducted to investigate whether, and if so to what extent, the combined supplementation of vitamin E, vitamin C, and selenium was superior to their sole supplementation concerning the oxidative stress induced by a high n-3 dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) intake in broilers. Four hundred 21-day-old Ross 308 male broilers were allocated to 5 experimental groups fed the following linseed oil (5%)-enriched finisher diets: Cont (no supplement), +E (200 IU vitamin E/kg feed), +C (250 mg vitamin C/kg feed), +Se (0.2 mg selenium/kg feed), or +ECSe (concentrations as in the sole supplementation, combined). Analyses of malondialdehyde (MDA), vitamin C, and α- and γ-tocopherols in plasma, antioxidant capacity of water- (ACW) and lipid- (ACL) soluble compounds in serum, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities in whole blood were performed. In breast muscle, analyses of MDA, α- and γ-tocopherols, ACW, selenium, and fatty acid (FA) composition were carried out. Birds fed the combination of antioxidants showed reduced average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) and, as +E, lower MDA and γ-tocopherol, together with raised α- tocopherol levels in plasma and lower MDA and raised α- tocopherol levels in breast muscle compared to the control. The combination of antioxidants in the +ECSe group raised GPx activity in whole blood compared to the control. In conclusion, results indicated that vitamin E is the most effective antioxidant to alleviate oxidative stress caused by high dietary PUFA and that the supplementation with additional vitamin C and selenium did not have clear synergistic effect.
- Quantitative Analysis of the Accumulation of Marine-derived Tocopherol in the Tissue of Mice Fed with Salmon Roe Oil Using HPLC-fluorescence. [Journal Article]
- JOJ Oleo Sci 2018 Feb 19
- In this study, we measured the quantity of marine-derived tocopherol (MDT), a monounsaturated vitamin E (VE), stored in the body tissue of mice fed with a diet containing a VE-rich fraction extracted...
In this study, we measured the quantity of marine-derived tocopherol (MDT), a monounsaturated vitamin E (VE), stored in the body tissue of mice fed with a diet containing a VE-rich fraction extracted from salmon roe. We first prepared the calibration curves for the MDT concentration using an HPLC-fluorescence system. Ranging from 0.016 to 50 μg/mL, the slope was expressed as first-order equations, with R2values = 0.99. The mice were fed with an AIN-93 based diet containing MDT in doses of 21.4 mg/kg for 4 weeks, and the storage in the heart, lung, liver, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, kidney, pancreas, spleen, testis, skeletal muscle, visceral white adipose tissue (WAT), subcutaneous WAT and brain was quantified. MDT was widely distributed in tissues throughout the whole body, with higher accumulations observed in the adipose tissue, liver and kidney. These results demonstrate means to estimating the MDT concentration in natural products and in the bodies of animals and contribute to the understanding of the physiological functions of MDT in relation to human health.
- Effects of complete water fasting and regeneration diet on kidney function, oxidative stress and antioxidants. [Journal Article]
- BLBratisl Lek Listy 2018; 119(2):107-111
- CONCLUSIONS: The effect of the complete fasting on kidney function was manifested by hyperuricemia. Renal function was slightly decreased, however maintained within the reference values. After RD, it returned to baseline values. The positive effect of the complete water fasting was in the reduction of oxidative stress, body weight and blood pressure (Tab. 3, Ref. 25).
- Functionalization of nanodiamond with vitamin E TPGS to facilitate oral absorption of curcumin. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Pharm 2018 Feb 13; 540(1-2):162-170
- The purpose of this work was to develop a d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) decorated nanodiamond (ND) system loading water-insoluble curcumin (ND/CUR/TPGS) to improve the coll...
The purpose of this work was to develop a d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) decorated nanodiamond (ND) system loading water-insoluble curcumin (ND/CUR/TPGS) to improve the colloidal dispersity and oral bioavailability of the preparation. CUR was physically loaded into ND clusters, then TPGS was coated to the ND/CUR complex forming amorphous nanostructure on the interparticle nanocage of the ND substrate. The formulation of the nanocomplexes was optimized using response surface methodology, and the optimal ND/CUR/TPGS showed small particle size (196.32 nm), high drug loading efficiency (81.59%) and core-shell structure. In vitro release study demonstrated that the nanocomplexes provided a sustained release behavior. The absorptive concentration of ND/CUR/TPGS was dramatically improved in total intestinal tract compared with CUR suspension, and the absorption was controlled by multiple transcytosis mechanisms. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated that ND/CUR/TPGS had significantly higher Cmax(4.50-fold), larger AUC0-t(10.67-fold), and longer MRT0-t(3.07-fold) in contrast with that of CUR suspension. Therefore, ND/CUR/TPGS presented great potential for oral delivery of insoluble and poorly permeable drugs.
- The phenolic group of α-tocopherol anchors in the lipid-water interface of fully saturated membranes. [Journal Article]
- LLangmuir 2018 Feb 15
- α-Tocopherol is considered to carry on a very important role as antioxidant of membranes and lipoproteins and other biological roles as membrane stabilizers and bioactive lipids. Given its essential ...
α-Tocopherol is considered to carry on a very important role as antioxidant of membranes and lipoproteins and other biological roles as membrane stabilizers and bioactive lipids. Given its essential role, it is very important to fully understand its location in the membrane. In this work, the vertical location of vitamin E in saturated membranes has been studied using biophysical techniques. Small- and wide-angle X-ray diffraction experiments show that α-tocopherol alters the water layer between bilayers in both DMPC and DPPC, indicating its proximity to this surface. The quenching of the intrinsic fluorescence of α-tocopherol indicates a low quenching efficiency by acrylamide and a higher quenching by 5-doxyl-PC than by 9- and 16-doxyl-PC. These results suggest that in both DMPC and DPPC membranes the chromanol ring is not far away from the surface of the membrane but within the bilayer. 1H-NMR-NOESY MAS-NMR studies showed that α-tocopherol is localized similarly in DMPC and DPPC membranes, with the chromanol ring embedded in the upper part of the hydrophobic bilayer. Using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy it was observed that the tail chain of α-tocopherol lies nearly parallel to the acyl chains of DMPC and DPPC. Taking these results together it was concluded that in both DMPC and DPPC, the hydroxyl group of the chromanol ring will establish hydrogen-bonding with water at the membrane surface and the main axis of the α-tocopherol molecule will be perpendicular to the bilayer plane.
- A major component of vitamin E, α-tocopherol inhibits the anti-tumor activity of crizotinib against cells transformed by EML4-ALK. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Pharmacol 2018 Feb 11; 825:1-9
- Crizotinib is an inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and is of significant therapeutic benefit to patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring the EML4-ALK fusion gene. In the...
Crizotinib is an inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and is of significant therapeutic benefit to patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring the EML4-ALK fusion gene. In the present study, we demonstrated that α-tocopherol, a major component of vitamin E, attenuated the effects of crizotinib independently of its anti-oxidant properties. α-Tocopherol significantly inhibited crizotinib-induced apoptosis in cells transformed by EML4-ALK. It also effectively attenuated the crizotinib-induced inhibition of EML4-ALK and its downstream molecules, STAT3 and ERK, and suppressed the inhibitory effects of crizotinib on EML4-ALK-mediated transformation in the focus formation assay. On the other hand, other members of the vitamin E family, namely, β-tocopherol, γ-tocopherol, δ-tocopherol, and α-tocotrienol, and a water-soluble analog of vitamin E, Trolox had no effects on the anti-tumor activity of crizotinib in cells transformed by EML4-ALK. Collectively, these results revealed the risk of the anti-tumor activity of crizotinib being attenuated when it is administrated in combination with vitamin E supplements containing α-tocopherol as a major component.
- Using PVA and TPGS as combined emulsifier in nanoprecipitation method improves characteristics and anticancer activity of ibuprofen loaded PLGA nanoparticles. [Journal Article]
- PPharmazie 2017 Sep 01; 72(9):525-528
- In the preparation of nanoparticles (NPs) by the nanoprecipitation method, emulsifiers play a key role for NPs' characteristics. The present study aimed to investigate the combined emulsifier effect ...
In the preparation of nanoparticles (NPs) by the nanoprecipitation method, emulsifiers play a key role for NPs' characteristics. The present study aimed to investigate the combined emulsifier effect on ibuprofen loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) NPs' characteristics and anticancer activity. Ibuprofen loaded PLGA NPs were prepared by nanoprecipitation using different concentrations of PVA (poly(vinyl alcohol)) or PVA-TPGS (d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate) combination as emulsifier. It was found that encapsulation efficiencies of NPs varied between 17.9 and 41.9 % and the highest encapsulation efficiency was obtained with 0.5% PVA + 0.1% TPGS (coded as PLGA PVA/TPGS NPs). PLGA PVA/TPGS NPs were characterized and compared with PLGA PVA NPs, which was obtained by 0.5% PVA alone. Polydispersity index of PLGA PVA/TPGS and PLGA PVA NPs were found to be 0.08 and 0.15, respectively. Incorporation of TPGS with PVA slightly decreased the initial ibuprofen release. Transmission electron microscopy analyses demonstrated a nearly uniform particle size distribution and spherical particle shape of the PLGA PVA/TPGS NPs. Additionally, PLGA PVA/TPGS NPs were significantly more cytotoxic than PLGA PVA NPs on the MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma cells) and Caco-2 (human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma) cells (p<0.05). Also PLGA PVA/TPGS NPs were not cytotoxic on normal cells (L929, mouse healthy fibroblast cells) (p>0.05). In conclusion, these results indicated that using a combination of TPGS and PVA as an emulsifier in nanoprecipitation could be a promising approach for preparing ibuprofen loaded PLGA NPs because of their improved characteristics and anticancer activity.
- Nanoemulsion as a strategy for improving the oral bioavailability and anti-inflammatory activity of andrographolide. [Journal Article]
- IJInt J Nanomedicine 2018; 13:669-680
- CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the developed AG-NE not only enhanced the oral bioavailability of AG in this study but may also prove to be an effective formulation of AG for preventing gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders.
- Impact of dietary supplementation with olive and thyme phenols on alpha-tocopherol concentration in the muscle and liver of adult Wistar rats. [Journal Article]
- FFFood Funct 2018 Feb 13
- A preliminary study to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with olive phenols (oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol and secoiridoids), thyme phenols and a combination of these (5 mg per kg rat weigh...
A preliminary study to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with olive phenols (oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol and secoiridoids), thyme phenols and a combination of these (5 mg per kg rat weight per day) on the α-tocopherol concentrations in the muscle and liver of healthy adult Wistar rats over 21 days was conducted. In addition, the excretion of α-tocopherol through the faeces was examined. The results demonstrated that the diet supplemented with some phenolic compounds of olive and thyme increased α-tocopherol (P < 0.05) in the liver of female rats, although the α-tocopherol content in the diet of all groups was identical. In addition, a synergic effect between the olive phenols and thyme was observed. Therefore, our study indicates a protective effect of olive and thyme phenols supplemented in the diet on α-tocopherol, resulting in a higher concentration of endogenous α-tocopherol in the rat liver.
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- α-Tocopherol succinate enhances pterostilbene anti-tumor activity in human breast cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. [Journal Article]
- OOncotarget 2018 Jan 12; 9(4):4593-4606
- Vitamin E (Vit. E) is considered an essential dietary nutrient for humans and animals. An enormous body of evidence indicates the biological and protective effects of Vit. E consumption. Tocopherol-a...
Vitamin E (Vit. E) is considered an essential dietary nutrient for humans and animals. An enormous body of evidence indicates the biological and protective effects of Vit. E consumption. Tocopherol-associated protein (TAP) is a major tocopherol-binding protein affecting Vit. E stimulation and downstream signaling transduction. However, how Vit. E utilizes TAP as an anti-cancer mechanism remains unclear. Microarray analysis of signature gene profiles in breast cancer cells treated with α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS, a Vit. E isoform) resulted in cell cycle arrest and anti-cancer activity in breast cancer cells. Pterostilbene (PS), a natural dietary antioxidant found in blueberries, in combination with α-TOS synergistically maximized breast cancer cell growth inhibition by disrupting signal transduction, transcription factors and cell cycle proteins. In a xenograft mouse model, PS treatment with Vit. E inhibited breast tumor growth and cell invasion, which were evaluated using our recently developed circulating tumor cell (CTC) detection assay. Because dietary Vit. E and PS supplementation contributed to preventative and therapeutic effects in vitro and in vivo, this combination may benefit breast cancer therapy in the clinic.