- Fabrication of zwitterionic histidine/layered double hydroxide hybrid nanosheets for highly efficient and fast removal of anionic dyes. [Journal Article]
- JCJ Colloid Interface Sci 2018 Jun 13; 529:255-264
- In this work, the bio-nanohybrids of magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxide intercalated with zwitterionic histidine (His-LDH) was synthesized. The crystal phase, morphology, and nanostructure o...
In this work, the bio-nanohybrids of magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxide intercalated with zwitterionic histidine (His-LDH) was synthesized. The crystal phase, morphology, and nanostructure of the as-prepared His-LDH were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and nitrogen adsorption-desorption methods. The His-LDHs were used to remove anionic dyes, including Congo red (CR), indigo carmine (IC) and sunset yellow FCF (SY) from aqueous solutions. The detailed investigation of the kinetics and the adsorption isotherms of CR, IC and SY from aqueous solutions showed that the dyes adsorb rapidly, in accordance with a pseudo-second-order kinetics and a Freundlich adsorption isotherm model. The remarkably high adsorption capacity of the dyes on the His-LDH (efficiency of CR removal, 99.98%; maximum specific removal qmax, 1112 mg g-1; efficiency of IC removal, 98.98%; qmax, 625 mg g-1; and efficiency of SY removal, 99.78%; qmax, 400 mg g-1) is rationalized on the basis of electrostatic interactions as well as π-π and H-bonding interactions between the His-LDH adsorbent and the acidic dyes. Adsorption experiments indicate that the resulting His-LDH has great potential applications as an environmentally friendly material for the swift removal of acidic dyes from aqueous solutions.
- Liposome-Encapsulated HIV-1 gp120 Induces Potent V1V2-Specific Antibodies in Humans. [Journal Article]
- JIJ Infect Dis 2018 Jun 09
- CONCLUSIONS: Inclusion of two adjuvants in the vaccine formulation, aluminum hydroxide and liposomal MPL®, induced robust, durable, and functional antibodies. Based on the magnitude of antibody responses and the percentage of coiled and -sheet in the predicted V2/V3-peptide structure, we speculate that liposomal gp120 was presented in a conformation that favored the induction of robust antibody responses.
- [Acupoint Injection at "Yingxiang"(LI 20) and "Yintang"(GV 29) May Relieve Nasal Allergic Symptoms Possibly by Down-regulating Expression of Histamine Receptor H 1 and H 4 in Nasal Mucosa of Allergic Rhinitis Rats]. [Journal Article]
- ZCZhen Ci Yan Jiu 2018 Apr 25; 43(4):231-5
- CONCLUSIONS: Acupoint injection can relieve the allergic symptoms of AR rats, which may be related to its effects in down-regulating the over expression of H1 R and H4 R proteins and genes in the nasal mucosa.
- Pressure-induced stacking disorder in boehmite. [Journal Article]
- PCPhys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Jun 06
- The structure of an aluminum layered hydroxide, boehmite (γ-AlOOH), as a function of pressure was studied by using in situ synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction. Peak broadening, which is only fo...
The structure of an aluminum layered hydroxide, boehmite (γ-AlOOH), as a function of pressure was studied by using in situ synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction. Peak broadening, which is only found for hkl (h ≠ 0) peaks in the X-ray diffraction patterns, is explained by stacking disorder accompanying a continuously increasing displacement of the AlO6 octahedral layer along the a-axis. This finding could be the first experimental result for pressure-induced stacking disorder driven by continuous layer displacement. The magnitude of the layer displacement was estimated from the X-ray scattering profile calculation based on the stacking disordered structure model. Hydrogen bond geometries of boehmite, obtained by structure refinements of the observed neutron diffraction patterns for the deuterated sample up to 10 GPa, show linearly approaching O-D covalent and DO hydrogen bond distances and they merge below 26 GPa. Pressure-induced stacking disorder makes the electrostatic potential of hydrogen bonds asymmetric, yielding less chance for proton-tunnelling.
- Plasmodium TatD-Like DNase Antibodies Blocked Parasite Development in the Mosquito Gut. [Journal Article]
- FMFront Microbiol 2018; 9:1023
- The TatD-like DNase of Plasmodium species has previously been characterized as a conserved antigen that plays an important role in immune evasion. Here, we found that TatD-like DNase is expressed, ap...
The TatD-like DNase of Plasmodium species has previously been characterized as a conserved antigen that plays an important role in immune evasion. Here, we found that TatD-like DNase is expressed, apart from the erythrocytic stage, throughout the developmental stages of the parasite in the mosquito vector. Antibodies to the molecule significantly blocked parasites development and transition in the mosquito gut. Further, mice immunized with recombinant TatD-like DNase showed significant resistance to parasite challenge. The antigenicity of the TatD-like antigen in combination with various adjuvants, including Freund's adjuvants, Montanide ISA 51 and 61, Alhydrogel (aluminum hydroxide), and levamisole was investigated. It was found that immunization of the recombinant TatD-like DNase in combination with Montanide ISA 51 induced strong humoral responses that showed significant protection against parasite challenge in a mouse model. The data further support that TatD-like DNase is a functionally important molecule in the whole development cycle of the malaria parasites and a candidate for malaria vaccine development.
- Diabetes Downregulates Allergen-Induced Airway Inflammation in Mice. [Journal Article]
- MIMediators Inflamm 2018; 2018:6150843
- Previous studies described that allergic diseases, including asthma, occur less often than expected in patients with type 1 diabetes. Here, we investigated the influence of diabetes on allergic airwa...
Previous studies described that allergic diseases, including asthma, occur less often than expected in patients with type 1 diabetes. Here, we investigated the influence of diabetes on allergic airway inflammation in a model of experimental asthma in mice. Diabetes was induced by intravenous injection of alloxan into 12 h-fasted A/J mice, followed by subcutaneous sensitization with ovalbumin (OVA) and aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3), on days 5 and 19 after diabetes induction. Animals were intranasally challenged with OVA (25 μg), from day 24 to day 26. Alloxan-induced diabetes significantly attenuated airway inflammation as attested by the lower number of total leukocytes in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, mainly neutrophils and eosinophils. Suppression of eosinophil infiltration in the peribronchiolar space and generation of eosinophilotactic mediators, such as CCL-11/eotaxin, CCL-3/MIP-1α, and IL-5, were noted in the lungs of diabetic sensitized mice. In parallel, reduction of airway hyperreactivity (AHR) to methacholine, mucus production, and serum IgE levels was also noted under diabetic conditions. Our findings show that alloxan diabetes caused attenuation of lung allergic inflammatory response in A/J mice, by a mechanism possibly associated with downregulation of IgE antibody production.
- Theoretical Study of Aluminum Hydroxide as a Hydrogen-Bonded Layered Material. [Journal Article]
- NNanomaterials (Basel) 2018 May 28; 8(6)
- In many layer-structured materials, constituent layers are bound through van der Waals (vdW) interactions. However, hydrogen bonding is another type of weak interaction which can contribute to the fo...
In many layer-structured materials, constituent layers are bound through van der Waals (vdW) interactions. However, hydrogen bonding is another type of weak interaction which can contribute to the formation of multi-layered materials. In this work, we investigate aluminum hydroxide [Al(OH) 3 ] having hydrogen bonding as an interlayer binding mechanism. We study the crystal structures and electronic band structures of bulk, single-layer, and multi-layer Al(OH) 3 using density functional theory calculations. We find that hydrogen bonds across the constituent layers indeed give rise to interlayer binding stronger than vdW interactions, and a reduction of the band gap occurs for an isolated layer as compared to bulk Al(OH) 3 which is attributed to the emergence of surface states. We also consider the alkali-halide intercalation between layers and examine how the intercalated atoms affect the atomic and electronic structures of Al(OH) 3 .
- Immunogenicity and efficacy following sequential parenterally-administered doses of Salmonella Enteritidis COPS:FliC glycoconjugates in infant and adult mice. [Journal Article]
- PNPLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018; 12(5):e0006522
- In sub-Saharan Africa, invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infections with serovars S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium and I 4,,12:i:- are widespread in children < 5 years old. Development of an e...
In sub-Saharan Africa, invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella (iNTS) infections with serovars S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium and I 4,,12:i:- are widespread in children < 5 years old. Development of an efficacious vaccine would provide an important public health tool to prevent iNTS disease in this population. Glycoconjugates of S. Enteritidis core and O-polysaccharide (COPS) coupled to the homologous serovar phase 1 flagellin protein (FliC) were previously shown to be immunogenic and protected adult mice against death following challenge with a virulent Malian S. Enteritidis blood isolate. This study extends these observations to immunization of mice in early life and also assesses protection with partial and full regimens. Anti-COPS and anti-FliC serum IgG titers were assessed in infant and adult mice after immunization with 1, 2 or 3 doses of S. Enteritidis COPS:FliC alone or co-formulated with aluminum hydroxide or monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) adjuvants. S. Enteritidis COPS:FliC was immunogenic in both age groups, although the immune responses were quantitatively lower in infants. Kinetics of antibody production were similar for the native and adjuvanted formulations after three doses; conjugates formulated with MPL elicited significantly increased anti-COPS IgG titers in adult but not infant mice. Nevertheless, robust protection against S. Enteritidis challenge was seen for all three formulations when three doses were given either during infancy or as adults. We further found that significant protection could be achieved with two COPS:FliC doses, despite elicitation of modest serum anti-COPS IgG antibody titers. These findings guide potential immunization strategies that may be translated to develop a human pediatric iNTS vaccine for sub-Saharan Africa.
- Effect of phosphate releasing in activated sludge on phosphorus removal from municipal wastewater. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Environ Sci (China) 2018; 67:216-223
- Aluminum and ferric salts are commonly used in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWPTs) for phosphorus (P) removal. In this study, on-site jar tests were conducted to determine the removal of di...
Aluminum and ferric salts are commonly used in municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWPTs) for phosphorus (P) removal. In this study, on-site jar tests were conducted to determine the removal of different P species from the fresh samples in the presence and absence of activated sludge (AS) with different doses of alum, poly-aluminum chloride, and ferric chloride at different pH. The soluble P (SP) concentration in the samples was about 0.63mg/L. When the mixed liquor containing AS was treated with 8mg/L of Al, SP could be reduced to 0.13mg/L, while it was reduced to 0.16mg/L with only 1mg/L of Al after sedimentation removal of AS from sample. Chemical analysis determined that AS contained 59.8mg-P/g-TSS and 43.8mg-Al/g-TSS and most of the P was associated with the aluminum hydroxide. We discovered that the phosphate in the AS could readily be released from it, which was mainly responsible for ineffective removal of P to low levels in mixed liquor even with very high alum dose. This study provides new insight into the behavior and fate of P in the wastewater treatment plants that use alum to enhance P removal in the final effluent.
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- Environmental evaluation of flocculation efficiency in the separation of the microalgal biomass of Scenedesmus sp. cultivated in full-scale photobioreactors. [Journal Article]
- JEJ Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2018 May 15; :1-8
- In this paper the environmental evaluation of the separation process of the microalgal biomass Scenedesmus sp. from full-scale photobioreactors was carried out at the Research and Development Nucleus...
In this paper the environmental evaluation of the separation process of the microalgal biomass Scenedesmus sp. from full-scale photobioreactors was carried out at the Research and Development Nucleus for Sustainable Energy (NPDEAS), with different flocculants (iron sulfate - FeCl3, sodium hydroxide - NaOH, calcium hydroxide - Ca(OH)2 and aluminum sulphate Al2(SO4)3, by means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, using the SimaPro 7.3 software. Furthermore, the flocculation efficiency by means of optical density (OD) was also evaluated. The results indicated that FeCl3 and Al2(SO4)3 were highly effective for the recovery of microalgal biomass, greater than 95%. Though, when FeCl3 was used, there was an immediate change in color to the biomass after the orange colored salt was added, typical with the presence of iron, which may compromise the biomass use according to its purpose and Al2(SO4)3 is associated with the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease, restricting the application of biomass recovered through this process for nutritional purposes, for example. Therefore, it was observed that sodium hydroxide is an efficient flocculant, promoting recovery around 93.5% for the ideal concentration of 144 mg per liter. It had the best environmental profile among the compared flocculant agents, since it did not cause visible changes in the biomass or compromise its use and had less impact in relation to acidification, eutrophication, global warming and human toxicity, among others. Thus, the results indicate that it is important to consider both flocculation efficiency aspects and environmental impacts to identify the best flocculants on an industrial scale, to optimize the process, with lower amount of flocculant and obtain the maximum biomass recovery and decrease the impact on the extraction, production, treatment and reuse of these chemical compounds to the environment. However, more studies are needed in order to evaluate energy efficiency of the process coupled with other microalgal biomass recovery technologies. In addition, studies with natural flocculants, other polymers and changes in pH are also needed, as these are produced in a more sustainable way than synthetic organic polymers and have the potential to generate a biomass free of undesirable contaminants.