- NMDA antagonists for treating the non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. [Review]
- TPTransl Psychiatry 2018 Jun 15; 8(1):117
- Among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), depression is prevalent and disabling, impacting both health outcomes and quality of life. There is a critical need for alternative pharmacological metho...
Among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), depression is prevalent and disabling, impacting both health outcomes and quality of life. There is a critical need for alternative pharmacological methods to treat PD depression, as mainstream antidepressant drugs are largely ineffective in this population. Currently, there are no recommendations for the optimal treatment of PD neuropsychiatric symptoms. Given the dual antidepressant and anti-dyskinetic effects of ketamine and other N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists for PD, this review aims to examine the current evidence of NMDA antagonists for treating neuropsychiatric symptoms, including memantine, amantadine, ketamine, dizoclopine, and d-cycloserine. A comprehensive literature search was conducted using the PubMed database. We also searched the following databases up to March 1, 2018: Ovid MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. The following keywords were used: NMDA antagonist and Parkinson's disease. Two authors independently reviewed the articles identified from the search using specific selection criteria, focusing on studies of mood, psychiatric condition, depression, cognition, and quality of life, and the consensus was reached on the 20 studies included. There is a preliminary evidence that NMDA antagonists may modulate psychiatric symptoms in PD. However, current evidence of psychiatric symptom-modifying effects is inconclusive and requires that further trials be conducted in PD. The repurposing of old NMDA antagonists, such as ketamine for depression and newer therapies, such as rapastinel, suggests that there is an emerging place for modulating the glutamatergic system for treating non-motor symptoms in PD.
- Electrochemical Hofmann rearrangement mediated by NaBr: practical access to bioactive carbamates. [Journal Article]
- OBOrg Biomol Chem 2018 Jun 14
- An electrochemical Hofmann rearrangement is reported. With the mediation of NaBr, highly corrosive and toxic halogens are avoided. Moreover, this efficient and green approach is well compatible with ...
An electrochemical Hofmann rearrangement is reported. With the mediation of NaBr, highly corrosive and toxic halogens are avoided. Moreover, this efficient and green approach is well compatible with a broad range of amides, including several commercial medicine derivatives, and provides direct access to synthetically useful carbamates. The synthetic utility of this method is also demonstrated by the preparation of 15N labeling carbamate and gram-scale synthesis of Amantadine.
- Potential antidepressant effect of amantadine: a review of preclinical studies and clinical trials. [Journal Article]
- RBRev Bras Psiquiatr 2018 Jun 11
- CONCLUSIONS: Amantadine is an interesting candidate as new antidepressant drug for the treatment of depression.
- Drug treatment. [Journal Article]
- HCHandb Clin Neurol 2018; 155:371-377
- There are no approved disease-modifying therapies for any of the inherited cerebellar ataxias. Drug treatment in childhood ataxia is still very limited. Effective treatments are available for only a ...
There are no approved disease-modifying therapies for any of the inherited cerebellar ataxias. Drug treatment in childhood ataxia is still very limited. Effective treatments are available for only a few rare metabolic hereditary disorders. Symptomatic management of associated tremor, spasticity, dystonia, or chorea can follow the medication recommendations in general usage. The foundation of management of cerebellar ataxia in adults or children remains rehabilitation.
- Highly sensitive SERS immunosensor for the detection of amantadine in chicken based on flower-like gold nanoparticles and magnetic bead separation. [Journal Article]
- FCFood Chem Toxicol 2018 Jun 07; 118:589-594
- Here we report a novel ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) immunosensor based on the flower-like gold nanoparticles (AuNFs) and magnetic bead separation for homogeneous detection ...
Here we report a novel ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) immunosensor based on the flower-like gold nanoparticles (AuNFs) and magnetic bead separation for homogeneous detection of amantadine (AMD) in chicken just by one-step. The 5, 5'-dithiobis (2-nitrobenzoicacid) (DTNB) modified AuNFs and N-(1-adamantyl) ethylenediamine (AEDA) conjugated denatured BSA (AEDA-dBSA) was used as the SERS nanoprobe. And the capture probe was anti-AMD monoclonal antibody (mAbs)-functionalized magnetic beads (MNBs-mAbs). An immunoreaction occurred between free AMD and SERS nanoprobe for competing limited binding sites of MNBs-mAbs. This work combined inherent sensitive property of SERS with antibody-antigen highly specificity recognition for the AMD detection. The analytical results showed that the SERS-based immunosensor was sensitive, simple and reliable with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.005 ng/mL for AMD, which were 2 orders of magnitude better than an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on the same immunoreagents. Analysis of AMD-spiked chicken samples revealed that the developed immunosensor provided accepted recoveries ranging from 74.76%-89.34% with coefficient of variation less than 15.04%. This strategy represents a simple, reliable, and universal approach for detection of chemical contaminants in food samples.
- Cucurbituril mediated single molecule detection and identification via recognition tunneling. [Journal Article]
- NNanotechnology 2018 Jun 08
- Recognition tunneling (RT) is an emerging technique for investigating single molecules in a tunnel junction. We have previously demonstrated its capability of single molecule detection and identifica...
Recognition tunneling (RT) is an emerging technique for investigating single molecules in a tunnel junction. We have previously demonstrated its capability of single molecule detection and identification, as well as probing the dynamics of intermolecular bonding at single molecule level. Here by introducing cucurbituril as a new class of recognition molecule, we demonstrate a powerful platform for electronically investigating the host-guest chemistry at single molecule level. In this report, we first investigated the single molecule electrical properties of cucurbituril in a tunnel junction. Then we studied two model guest molecules, aminoferrocene and amantadine, which were encapsulated by cucurbituril. Small differences in conductance and lifetime can be recognized between the host-guest complexes with the inclusion of different guest molecules. By using a machine learning algorithm to classify the RT signals in a hyper dimensional space, the accuracy of guest molecule recognition can be significantly improved, suggesting the possibility of using cucurbituril molecule for single molecule identification. This work enables a new class of recognition molecule for RT technique and opens the door for detecting a vast variety of small molecules by electrical measurements.
- Screening hundreds of emerging organic pollutants (EOPs) in surface water from the Yangtze River Delta (YRD): Occurrence, distribution, ecological risk. [Journal Article]
- EPEnviron Pollut 2018 Jun 04; 241:484-493
- Increased synthetic chemical production and diversification in developing countries caused serious aquatic pollution worldwide with emerging organic pollutants (EOPs) detected in surface water rising...
Increased synthetic chemical production and diversification in developing countries caused serious aquatic pollution worldwide with emerging organic pollutants (EOPs) detected in surface water rising health concerns to human and aquatic ecosystem even at low ng/L concentration with long-term exposure. The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) area serves agriculture and industry for people in eastern China. However, the current knowledge on the occurrence and ecological risk of diverse EOPs which are present in the aquatic environment is limited. This study was to investigate the complexity and diversity of EOPs in surface water from 28 sampling sites, which were selected to represent urban, industrial or agriculture areas in the YRD area. In total 484 chemicals were analyze by a target screening approach using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS/MS). 181 out of 484 EOPs were detected at least one site in the YRD area, and 44 analytes, mostly industrial chemicals and pesticides, were ubiquitous at all sampling sites. Most EOPs were industrial chemicals with 1H-benzotriazole and organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) as the chemicals with highest concentrations. For 21 pesticides, mostly herbicides, maximum concentrations of atrazine and isoproturon were above the annual average environmental quality standards of Europe. Amantadine and DEET were the dominant pharmceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the YRD area. Compared to urban areas (mostly in Qinhuai River), chemical profiles from industrial areas were more complex. Industrial activities likely have a strong impact on the composition of chemical mixtures in surface water from the YRD area. ISO E Super, 4-methylbenzylidene camphor and clotrimazole detected in this study are potentially persistent and bioaccumulative chemicals. Furthermore, results of risk assessment showed that hazard quotients of dimethyldioctadecylammonium, didecyldimethylammonium and octocrylene were higher than one and occur frequently, which indicates possibly adverse effects on fish species in the YRD area.
- Highly sensitive visual detection of amantadine residues in poultry at the ppb level: A colorimetric immunoassay based on a Fenton reaction and gold nanoparticles aggregation. [Journal Article]
- ACAnal Chim Acta 2018 Oct 16; 1027:130-136
- Colorimetric biosensors for the on-site visual detection of veterinary drug residues are required for food control in developing countries and other resource-constrained areas, where sophisticated in...
Colorimetric biosensors for the on-site visual detection of veterinary drug residues are required for food control in developing countries and other resource-constrained areas, where sophisticated instruments may not be available. In this study, we developed a highly sensitive immunoassay for amantadine residues in poultry. By introducing a novel signal generation strategy into an indirect competitive immunoassay, a highly sensitive assay for amantadine residues in chicken was achieved for naked eye readout at the part per billion (ppb) level. Signal amplification was achieved in the designed immunoassay by combining conventional indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Fenton reaction-regulated oxidation of cysteine, and gold nanoparticle aggregation. Therefore, the cascade reaction remarkably enhanced the assay sensitivity and led to a pronounced color change from red to dark purple in the solution, which could be easily distinguished with the naked eye even at approximately 1 μg kg-1 in poultry muscle. Moreover, the color change can be quantitatively assayed with a classic high-throughput plate reader for contaminated poultry samples. The limit of detection (LOD) was 0.51 nM (0.095 ng mL-1). The recovery rates for spiked chicken samples ranged from 78% to 84% with relative standard deviations <15%. Therefore, we propose that this immunoassay could be generally applicable for on-site detection in the field of food control.
- [Chorea due to chronic subdural hematoma]. [Journal Article]
- RSRinsho Shinkeigaku 2018 Jun 01
- An 86-year-old woman presented with generalized chorea in the face and extremities, which gradually progressed for two weeks. Cranial CT revealed a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) that covered the l...
An 86-year-old woman presented with generalized chorea in the face and extremities, which gradually progressed for two weeks. Cranial CT revealed a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) that covered the left parietal lobe. Discontinuation of amantadine did not improve the chorea. The hematoma was evacuated and the chorea completely subsided in a week. The pathogenesis leading to chorea in CSDH remains unclear. A unilateral hematoma presenting with generalized chorea similar to the present patient and two others with unilateral CSDH causing ipsilateral hemichorea have been reported. The rarity of these movement disorders due to CSDH indicates that these patients had a preclinical dysfunction within neuronal networks interconnecting basal ganglia the cerebral cortex. Our findings confirmed that CSDH could cause chorea, and further neuroimaging to evaluate cerebrovascular disease, taking a detailed family history and obtaining information about current medications might reveal factors likely to precipitate the development of chorea.
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- Amantadine and the Risk of Dyskinesia in Patients with Early Parkinson's Disease: An Open-Label, Pragmatic Trial. [Journal Article]
- JMJ Mov Disord 2018; 11(2):65-71
- CONCLUSIONS: Amantadine as an initial treatment may decrease the incidence of dyskinesia in patients with drug-naïve PD.