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10,054 results
  • Treating Primary Arthroprosthesis Infection Caused by Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus. [Case Reports]
    Case Rep Infect Dis 2019; 2019:5892913Pace V, Antinolfi P, … Pasticci MB
  • Prosthetic joint infections (PJI) caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria are very rare, and results of treatment can be unpredictable. A 72-year-old female underwent hip replacement after an accidental fall in a local hospital in Santo Domingo. The postoperative period was uneventful except for a traumatic wound near the surgical scar. PJI caused by Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus was dia…
  • Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial pathogens isolated from canine urinary tract infections. [Journal Article]
    Vet Microbiol 2020; 241:108540Yu Z, Wang Y, … Li G
  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs), many of which are caused by bacterial pathogens, are some of the most common infections in dogs. To effectively treat UTIs, it is important to identify the predominant bacterial pathogens and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. In this study, we collected 326 samples from cases with UTIs or other urinary system diseases at the China Agricultural Universi…
  • Effect of Augmented Antimicrobial Prophylaxis and Rectal Swab Culture-guided Targeted Prophylaxis on the Risk of Sepsis Following Transrectal Prostate Biopsy. [Journal Article]
    Eur Urol Focus 2020; 6(1):95-101Hadjipavlou M, Eragat M, … Hammadeh MY
  • CONCLUSIONS: In group A, 12 (2.0%) patients developed sepsis following TRUSPBx, while in group B, 9 (2.2%) patients developed sepsis despite targeted prophylaxis (p=0.82). Patients with ciprofloxacin-resistant rectal flora had a significantly higher rate of sepsis (9.1% vs 1.1%; p=0.003). There was a reduction in patients admitted with bacteraemia and severe sepsis between group A (1.2%) and group B (0.3%) which did not reach statistical significance (p=0.16). In group B, 55 of 403 (13.6%) patients had ciprofloxacin-resistant rectal flora, while 66 (16.4%) had organisms resistant to both ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. A recent foreign travel history was associated with an increased incidence of ciprofloxacin-resistant rectal flora (23.6% vs 10.8%; p=0.007). The main limitations of our study include its retrospective nature and potential under-reporting of less severe infectious complications.Rectal swab cultures identify patients with ciprofloxacin-resistant rectal flora who have an eight-fold risk of sepsis. Targeted antimicrobial prophylaxis may not be beneficial in reducing the sepsis rate when compared with augmented empirical prophylaxis. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, transperineal prostate biopsies should be considered to reduce the risk of infective complications.
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