- Antidepressant fluoxetine induces multiple antibiotics resistance in Escherichia coli via ROS-mediated mutagenesis. [Journal Article]
- EIEnviron Int 2018 Aug 17; 120:421-430
- CONCLUSIONS: Our findings for the first time demonstrated that the exposure to antidepressant fluoxetine induces multiple antibiotic resistance in E. coli via the ROS-mediated mutagenesis.
- The Microbial Composition of Bacteroidetes Species in Ulcerative Colitis Is Effectively Improved by Combination Therapy With Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Antibiotics. [Journal Article]
- IBInflamm Bowel Dis 2018 Aug 14
- CONCLUSIONS: A-FMT alleviated intestinal dysbiosis, which is caused by the loss of Bacteroidetes species diversity in patients with UC. Eradication of dysbiotic indigenous Bacteroidetes species by AFM pretreatment might promote the colonization of viable Bacteroidetes cells, thereby improving the intestinal microbiota dysbiosis induced by UC. Our findings serve as a basis for further investigations into the mechanisms of FMT.
- [Efficacy of bismuth containing quadruple therapies on Helicobacter pylori eradication in patients with history of antibiotic treatment]. [Journal Article]
- ZNZhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Jul 28; 43(7):772-778
- To investigate the efficacy of bismuth containing quadruple therapies on Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication in patients with history of antibiotic treatment. Methods: Hp infected patients (n=327)...
To investigate the efficacy of bismuth containing quadruple therapies on Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication in patients with history of antibiotic treatment. Methods: Hp infected patients (n=327) were allocated into 3 groups. Group A (n=52), patients had no antibiotic history and they took medicine of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and livzon triple (clarithromycin, tinidazole, and bismuth); group B (n=80), patients had the antibiotic history except for amoxicillin and clarithromycin, and they were treated with PPI, amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and bismuth; group C (n=195), patients suffered failures of Hp therapy or with history of antibiotic abuse, and they were treated with PPI, doxycycline, furazolidone, and bismuth. Results: Both the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis (group A 63.5%, group B 76.2%, group C 82.6%, P<0.05) and the pre-protocol (PP) analysis (group A 76.7%, group B 92.4%, group C 96.4%, P<0.05) showed significant difference among the 3 groups, revealing higher elimination in group B and C. The side-effects (20.2%) were mild and tolerable (group A, 28.0%; group B, 10.7%; group C, 22.0%). Conclusion: Proton pump inhibitors together with the livzon triple regimen have a low rate of Hp eradication and a higher incidence of adverse reactions. The quadruple therapy containing clarithromycin and metronidazole drugs can achieve the satisfactory outcomes based on patient's antibiotic history. For patients with multiple antibiotics, the quadruple therapy containing furazolidone and doxycycline may achieve the satisfactory outcomes, but the adverse resction would be relatively higher.
- Molecular Characterization of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase-Producing Multidrug Resistant Escherichia coli From Swine in Northwest China. [Journal Article]
- FMFront Microbiol 2018; 9:1756
- Objectives: The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence and molecular characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli collected from pig farms in N...
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence and molecular characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli collected from pig farms in Northwest China. Methods: Between May 2015 and June 2017, a total of 456 E. coli isolates were collected from fecal samples of healthy and diarrheal pigs in Northwest China to screen the ESBL producers. The β-lactamases, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes and virulence genes among ESBL producers were corroborated by PCR and sequencing. Finally, ESBL producers were further grouped according to phylogenetic background and genetic relatedness. Results: Forty-four (9.6%) out of the 456 E. coli isolates were identified as ESBL-producing isolates. All ESBL producers exhibited multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype, and more than 90% of the ESBL producers were resistant to amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, oxytetracycline, enrofloxacin and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. All ESBL producers harbored at least one type of β-lactamase, with blaCTX-M, blaTEM, blaSHV, blaOXA-48, and blaKPC-2 being detected in forty, thirty, seven, four, two and one isolates, respectively. Sequencing revealed the most common blaCTX-M subtype was blaCTX-M-14 (n = 24), followed by blaCTX-M-15 (n = 14), blaCTX-M-64 (n = 11), blaCTX-M-9 (n = 10) and blaCTX-M-123 (n = 9). qnrS (n = 23) was the predominant PMQR gene, and all PMQR genes were detected in co-existence with β-lactamase genes. estA (n = 18) and F4 (n = 18) were the most prevalent enterotoxin and fimbrial adhesin, respectively, and 27 different virotypes were found with respect to the association of enterotoxins and fimbrial adhesins. Twenty-four different sequence types (STs) were identified among 44 ESBL producers, and clones ST405, ST10 and ST648 were strongly present in more than one-third (34.1%) of ESBL producers. Conclusion: All ESBL-producing E. coli isolates exhibited MDR phenotype, and showed high prevalence of β-lactamase and PMQR genes. Especially, one isolate harbored ESBL genes blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M-9, blaCTX-M-14, blaCTX-M-64, and carbapenemase gene blaOXA-48 and blaKPC-2, as well as PMQR genes qnrS, qnrB, qnrD, qepA and aac(6')-Ib-cr.
- Clinical characteristics, culprit drugs and outcome of patients with Acute Generalised Exanthematous Pustulosis seen in Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Johor Bahru. [Journal Article]
- MJMed J Malaysia 2018; 73(4):220-225
- CONCLUSIONS: AGEP predominantly affects Malay females in this study. The most common culprit drug was amoxicillin. Our patients exhibited the classic clinical manifestations of AGEP and confirmed the generally benign nature of this reaction upon drug withdrawal. Although the overall prognosis is good, prompt diagnosis of AGEP is important because drug withdrawal is the mainstay therapy.
- Ocular bacterial infections and antibiotic resistance patterns in patients attending Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. [Journal Article]
- BRBMC Res Notes 2018 Aug 17; 11(1):597
- Empirical selections of antimicrobial therapy based on clinical observations are common clinical practices in Ethiopia. This study identified common external ocular infections and determined antibiot...
Empirical selections of antimicrobial therapy based on clinical observations are common clinical practices in Ethiopia. This study identified common external ocular infections and determined antibiotic susceptibility testing in northwest Ethiopia.
- Effect of sequential therapy on treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in children. [Journal Article]
- RGRev Gastroenterol Peru 2018 Apr-Jun; 38(2):128-130
- CONCLUSIONS: Eradication rate of sequential therapy was 82.5% among our cases.
- Ceftibuten plus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for oral treatment of urinary tract infections with ESBL producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae: a retrospective observational case-series. [Journal Article]
- EJEur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Aug 16
- This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and bacteriological effect of oral treatment with ceftibuten plus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in patients with a urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by an e...
This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and bacteriological effect of oral treatment with ceftibuten plus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in patients with a urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by an extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing micro-organism. In this retrospective observational case-series, oral treatment with ceftibuten 400 mg QD plus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 625 mg TID for 14 days was evaluated in ten patients with pyelonephritis caused by an ESBL-positive micro-organism resistant to ciprofloxacin and co-trimoxazole. Presence of ESBL genes was confirmed using PCR and micro-array. EUCAST breakpoints were used for susceptibility testing. Ten patients (five women) were evaluated in 2016 and 2017. Six patients were from outpatient hospital care, and four from primary care. Urinary cultures yielded seven E. coli and three K. pneumoniae ESBL-positive isolates. Using Vitek-2, all isolates were resistant to cefotaxime, and resistant (n = 7) or intermediately susceptible (n = 3) to ceftazidime. With disc diffusion, all isolates were susceptible to ceftibuten (zones 25-32 mm), while with MIC test strips eight of ten isolates were resistant to ceftibuten (MICs 0.5-4 mg/L). An amoxicillin-clavulanic acid disc next to the ceftibuten disc extended the ceftibuten zone by 2-8 mm. All patients experienced clinical cure. Bacteriological cure (absence of pretreatment micro-organism in the first follow-up culture obtained within 3 months after treatment) was observed in all eight patients with follow-up cultures. This case-series shows that the synergistic combination of ceftibuten plus amoxicillin-clavulanic acid may be an option for oral treatment of UTIs caused by ESBL producing E. coli or K. pneumoniae.
- Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from patients with acute diarrhea. [Journal Article]
- IJIran J Microbiol 2018; 10(3):151-157
- CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that E. coli is one of the major causes of diarrhea and is highly resistant to commonly used antibiotics; therefore, officials must pay great attention to this issue in order to increase the health of the community.
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- Clinical Inquiries: What's the best secondary treatment for patients who fail initial triple therapy for H pylori? [Journal Article]
- JFJ Fam Pract 2018; 67(8):E12-E13
- Treating patients with Helicobacter pylori infection who have failed clarithromycin-based triple therapy with either levofloxacin-based triple therapy (with amoxicillin and a proton pump inhibitor [P...
Treating patients with Helicobacter pylori infection who have failed clarithromycin-based triple therapy with either levofloxacin-based triple therapy (with amoxicillin and a proton pump inhibitor [PPI]) or a bismuth-based quadruple therapy produces cure rates of 75% to 81%. Ten-day regimens produce higher cure rates than 7-day regimens. Repeating the initial clarithromycin-based triple therapy cures fewer than half of patients (strength of recommendation [SOR]: A, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials [RCTs]).