- Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and interstage failure in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. [Journal Article]
- CHCongenit Heart Dis 2018 Jul 17
- CONCLUSIONS: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor therapy did not demonstrate a beneficial effect on interstage failure among infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, even when patient characteristics associated with the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors were considered.
- Use of the cardiovascular polypill 40mg in secondary cardiovascular prevention. [Journal Article]
- CIClin Investig Arterioscler 2018 Jul 14
- Controlling cardiovascular risk factors (CV) is essential for patients with cardiovascular disease. The CV polypill contains aspirin 100mg, atorvastatin 20mg or 40mg, and ramipril 2.5mg, 5mg or 10mg ...
Controlling cardiovascular risk factors (CV) is essential for patients with cardiovascular disease. The CV polypill contains aspirin 100mg, atorvastatin 20mg or 40mg, and ramipril 2.5mg, 5mg or 10mg in a fixed combination pill. The objective was to review the evidence on the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, to establish the eventual patient profiles suitables to consider the use of CV polypill with atorvastatin 40mg in secondary CV prevention (P40PS), and to define the priority situations most adequate for the use of P40PS. A bibliographic review was carried out, which was complemented with the clinical opinion of 19 specialists. During hospitalization and discharge, P40PS is an option for patients admitted because of an atherothrombotic event, peripheral arterial disease, or other causes, and with the indication of the monocomponents. Its priority use is proposed in: prior intolerance to the highest dose of atorvastatin (80mg), age>75 years, low weight, stage 3 of chronic renal failure, hypothyroidism, drug interactions and Asian origin. Outside the hospital setting, the P40PS is a therapeutic alternative in patients with a need for secondary CV prevention and with indication to receive the monocomponents. The priority situations to receive the P40PS are: to be taking the three components separately, to require polypharmacy, lack of adherence or understanding of the treatment, and lack of control of CV risk factors. This work is the first with proposals for the use of P40PS and can facilitate the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease in secondary prevention.
- Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists in Muscular Dystrophy Mice During Aging and Exercise. [Journal Article]
- JNJ Neuromuscul Dis 2018 Jul 11
- CONCLUSIONS: Since endogenous mineralocorticoid aldosterone production from immune cells in dystrophic muscle may explain antagonist efficacy, it is likely that these drugs work optimally during the narrow window of peak inflammation in mdx mice. Exercised and aged mdx mice do not display prolific damage and inflammation, likely explaining the absence of continued efficacy of these drugs. Since inflammation is more prevalent in DMD patients, the therapeutic window for mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in patients may be longer.
- Role of ACE inhibitors in anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. [Journal Article]
- PBPediatr Blood Cancer 2018 Jul 15; :e27308
- CONCLUSIONS: Enalapril has a role in reducing cardiac toxicity after anthracycline administration.
- Therapy of scleroderma renal crisis: State of the art. [Review]
- ARAutoimmun Rev 2018 Jul 10
- Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is an uncommon but still life-threatening manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The incidence of SRC has decreased in the last few decades, probably due to a wides...
Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is an uncommon but still life-threatening manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The incidence of SRC has decreased in the last few decades, probably due to a widespread use of vasodilators in SSc patients. It is well-recognized that exposure to different drugs can trigger SRC (corticosteroids, cyclosporine) or prevent its occurrence (iloprost, calcium channel blockers). The prognosis of this life-threatening manifestation has not substantially improved since 1980s, when ACE-inhibitors were introduced in its treatment. ACE-inhibitors remain the mainstay in the therapy of SRC due to their efficacy in controlling malignant hypertension; indeed, the prognosis largely depends on the rapid improvement of the ongoing renal ischemia. Calcium-channel blockers and in third line diuretics and alpha-blockers should be used as additional therapy if blood pressure control remains suboptimal despite maximum tolerated doses of ACE-inhibitors. Given the growing evidence on the role of complement activation and endothelin-1 in the pathogenesis of SRC, recent case-series and case reports have suggested the use of C5-inhibitors and endothelin receptor antagonists in the therapy of SRC, mainly in the refractory cases. Plasma-exchange seems to give some benefits in patients with SRC and microangiopathy or intolerant to ACE-inhibitors. Renal transplantation is the last treatment option and its outcome is similar to that reported in other connective tissue disorders, with a 5-year patient survival rate of about 82%. In this review we summarize the current knowledge in the treatment of SRC.
- Response to "Discontinuation of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors Due to Dry Cough: Incidence and Clinical Determinants". [Journal Article]
- CPClin Pharmacol Ther 2018 Jul 13
- Discontinuation of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors due to Dry Cough: Incidence and Clinical Determinants. [Journal Article]
- CPClin Pharmacol Ther 2018 Jul 13
- Clinical experiences and case review of angiotensin II receptor blocker-related angioedema in Korea. [Journal Article]
- BCBasic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2018 Jul 13
- Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-related angioedema is well known, angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)-related angioedema has not been extensively studied because of its lower incid...
Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-related angioedema is well known, angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB)-related angioedema has not been extensively studied because of its lower incidence. Therefore, ARB-related angioedema is likely to be overlooked in the clinical setting. We analysed the medical records of adults who had been prescribed ARB and diagnosed with angioedema between 2009 and 2015. All adults over the age of 18 years who were initially administered ARB between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2015 were selected as participants in this study. In order to confirm whether the angioedema was actually due to the administration of ARB, we conducted a chart review. A total of 35,584 patients were prescribed ARB for the first time when visiting the Seoul St. Mary's Hospital during the study period. Twenty-four patients diagnosed with angioedema for other reasons prior to their first prescription of ARB were excluded from this study. ARB-related angioedema was suspected in 6 of 35,560 patients (0.02%) who were initially prescribed ARB during the study period. The manifestation of ARB-related angioedema ranged from several days (1/6 cases) to several years (3/6 cases). Some patients continued taking ARB with intermittent antihistamine or steroid therapy. In such cases, angioedema symptoms improved but did not completely resolve. Its diagnosis can be delayed and the symptoms may be recurrent since symptoms improve with antihistamine use. In some cases, the same person had different reactions depending on the type of ARB. Definitively diagnosing ARB-related angioedema is difficult, and physicians often overlook angioedema without suspecting that it is an adverse effect of ARB. Close attention of physicians and improved patient education can reduce the incidence of ARB-related angioedema. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Dermal Interstitial Alterations in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Potential Contributor to Fluid Accumulation? [Journal Article]
- CHCirc Heart Fail 2018; 11(7):e004763
- CONCLUSIONS: Interstitial glycosaminoglycan concentration is significantly increased in HFrEF patients compared with healthy subjects and correlated with tissue water content and clinical signs of volume overload. A better appreciation of the interstitial compartment might improve management of volume overload in HF.
New Search Next
- Enhanced physicochemical stability and efficacy of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) - inhibitory biopeptides by chitosan nanoparticles optimized using Box-Behnken design. [Journal Article]
- SRSci Rep 2018 Jul 10; 8(1):10411
- Bromelain-generated biopeptides from stone fish protein exhibit strong inhibitory effect against ACE and can potentially serve as designer food (DF) with blood pressure lowering effect. Contextually,...
Bromelain-generated biopeptides from stone fish protein exhibit strong inhibitory effect against ACE and can potentially serve as designer food (DF) with blood pressure lowering effect. Contextually, the DF refer to the biopeptides specifically produced to act as ACE-inhibitors other than their primary role in nutrition and can be used in the management of hypertension. However, the biopeptides are unstable under gastrointestinal tract (GIT) digestion and need to be stabilized for effective oral administration. In the present study, the stone fish biopeptides (SBs) were stabilized by their encapsulation in sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) cross-linked chitosan nanoparticles produced by ionotropic gelation method. The nanoparticles formulation was then optimized via Box-Behnken experimental design to achieve smaller particle size (162.70 nm) and high encapsulation efficiency (75.36%) under the optimum condition of SBs:Chitosan mass ratio (0.35), homogenization speed (8000 rpm) and homogenization time (30 min). The SBs-loaded nanoparticles were characterized for morphology by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), physicochemical stability and efficacy. The nanoparticles were then lyophilized and analyzed using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results obtained indicated a sustained in vitro release and enhanced physicochemical stability of the SBs-loaded nanoparticles with smaller particle size and high encapsulation efficiency following long period of storage. Moreover, the efficacy study revealed improved inhibitory effect of the encapsulated SBs against ACE following simulated GIT digestion.