- The Safety of Mother's Milk® Tea: Results of a Randomized Double-Blind, Controlled Study in Fully Breastfeeding Mothers and Their Infants. [Journal Article]
- JHJ Hum Lact 2018 Jul 01; :890334418787474
- CONCLUSIONS: This double-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an herbal galactagogue versus placebo among healthy, exclusively/fully breastfeeding mothers and infants found no adverse events associated with the test tea across the 30-day study or the first year of their infant's life. This composite tea appears to present no safety risk for mothers or their young babies.
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [BOOK]
- BOOKNational Library of Medicine (US): Bethesda (MD)
- Anise (Pimpinella anisum) seeds contain anethole, which is a phytoestrogen. Anise is a purported galactogogue, and is included in some proprietary mixtures promoted to increase milk...
Anise (Pimpinella anisum) seeds contain anethole, which is a phytoestrogen. Anise is a purported galactogogue, and is included in some proprietary mixtures promoted to increase milk supply; however, no scientifically valid clinical trials support this use. Galactogogues should never replace evaluation and counseling on modifiable factors that affect milk production. Maternal anise ingestion reportedly imparts an odor to breastmilk, possibly because anethole is excreted into breastmilk. Anise is "generally recognized as safe" (GRAS) as a flavoring by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Elevated liver enzymes occurred in a woman taking Mother's Milk Tea, which contains anise. Excessive maternal use of an herbal tea containing anise and other herbs appeared to cause toxicity in two breastfed newborns, consistent with toxicity caused by anethole. Dietary supplements do not require extensive pre-marketing approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Manufacturers are responsible to ensure the safety, but do not need to prove the safety and effectiveness of dietary supplements before they are marketed. Dietary supplements may contain multiple ingredients, and differences are often found between labeled and actual ingredients or their amounts. A manufacturer may contract with an independent organization to verify the quality of a product or its ingredients, but that does not certify the safety or effectiveness of a product. Because of the above issues, clinical testing results on one product may not be applicable to other products. More detailed information about dietary supplements is available elsewhere on the LactMed Web site.
- Pimpinelol, a novel atypical Sesquiterpene lactone from Pimpinella haussknechtii fruits with evaluation of endoplasmic reticulum stress in breast cancer cells. [Journal Article]
- FFitoterapia 2018; 129:198-202
- Pimpinella haussknechtii is an annual native plant grows in west of Iran. Phytochemical study of the fruits of P. haussknechtii led to the isolation of a novel irregular sesquiterpene lactone with a ...
Pimpinella haussknechtii is an annual native plant grows in west of Iran. Phytochemical study of the fruits of P. haussknechtii led to the isolation of a novel irregular sesquiterpene lactone with a new skeletone and oxidation pattern named: pimpinelol. The structure of the isolated compound was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods. Cytotoxic activity of Pimpinelol was evaluated using standard MTT assay against breast cancer cells. Induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and related gene expressions were evaluated with fluorescence microscopy analysis and real time PCR, respectively. These findings confirmed that Pimpinelol concentrations dependently increased protein aggregation and the mRNA expression of ATF-4, CHOP, GADD34 and TRIB3 in MCF-7 breast cancer cell line. According to the obtain results, we demonstrated for the first time that Pimpinelol decreased breast cancer cell viability by inducing ER stress.
- Polyphyletic origin in Pimpinella (Apiaceae): evidence in Western Europe. [Journal Article]
- JPJ Plant Res 2018 Jun 08
- The genus Pimpinella L. comprises about 150 species, being one of the largest genera within the family Apiaceae (subfamily Apioideae). Previous molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that Pimpinel...
The genus Pimpinella L. comprises about 150 species, being one of the largest genera within the family Apiaceae (subfamily Apioideae). Previous molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that Pimpinella is a taxonomically complex group. In this study, evolutionary relationships among representatives from Western Europe have been inferred from phylogenetic analyses of nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS 1 and ITS 2) and plastid sequences (trnL intron and the trnL-F spacer), with a representative sampling included (168 accessions in the ITS analysis, representing 158 species; and 42 accessions in the cpDNA analysis representing 35 taxa of Pimpinella and closely related species). All analyses resolved that Pimpinella is a non-monophyletic group, and Pimpinella's taxa that grow in Western Europe are part of phylogenetically independent groups that correspond to three different tribes of the subfamily Apioideae: Pimpinelleae (core group), Pyramidoptereae and Smyrnieae.
- Cross-reactivity by botanicals used in dietary supplements and spices using the multiplex xMAP food allergen detection assay (xMAP FADA). [Journal Article]
- ABAnal Bioanal Chem 2018 Jun 18
- Food allergies affect some 15 million Americans. The only treatment for food allergies is a strict avoidance diet. To help ensure the reliability of food labels, analytical methods are employed; the ...
Food allergies affect some 15 million Americans. The only treatment for food allergies is a strict avoidance diet. To help ensure the reliability of food labels, analytical methods are employed; the most common being enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). However, the commonly employed ELISAs are single analyte-specific and cannot distinguish between false positives due to cross-reactive homologous proteins; making the method of questionable utility for regulatory purposes when analyzing for unknown or multiple food allergens. Also, should the need arise to detect additional analytes, extensive research must be undertaken to develop new ELISAs. To address these and other limitations, a multiplex immunoassay, the xMAP® food allergen detection assay (xMAP FADA), was developed using 30 different antibodies against 14 different food allergens plus gluten. Besides incorporating two antibodies for the detection of most analytes, the xMAP FADA also relies on two different extraction protocols; providing multiple confirmatory end-points. Using the xMAP FADA, the cross-reactivities of 45 botanicals used in dietary supplements and spices commercially sold in the USA were assessed. Only a few displayed cross-reactivities with the antibodies in the xMAP FADA at levels exceeding 0.0001%. The utility of the xMAP FADA was exemplified by its ability to detect and distinguish between betel nut, saw palmetto, and acai which are in the same family as coconut. Other botanicals examined included allspice, amchur, anise seed, black pepper, caraway seed, cardamom, cayenne red pepper, sesame seed, poppy seed, white pepper, and wheat grass. The combination of direct antibody detection, multi-antibody profiling, high sensitivity, and a modular design made it possible for the xMAP FADA to distinguish between homologous antigens, provide multiple levels of built-in confirmatory analysis, and optimize the bead set cocktail to address specific needs.
- [A critical analysis of the degree of care humanization in the Hospitals of the Provincia Romana San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli (FBF)]. [Journal Article]
- ISIg Sanita Pubbl 2018 Jan-Feb; 74(1):9-24
- In the Hospitals of the Ordine della Provincia Romana San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli (FBF) (consisting of four hospitals located in three Italian regions) Patient Centeredness has always been c...
In the Hospitals of the Ordine della Provincia Romana San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli (FBF) (consisting of four hospitals located in three Italian regions) Patient Centeredness has always been considered a central point. In 2015, the Central Hospitals' Health Direction decided to use a check-list for the evaluation of the degree of Patient Centered Care Facilities, drawn up by the National Agency for Regional Health Services (Age.Na.S) during the 2010 Research Project "Experimentation and transfer of organizational empowerment models for evaluating and improving the quality of health services." The aim of the work was to measure the "Patient Centered Care degree" of the FBF structures by means of the Age.Na.S. check-list in order to identify effective and sustainable improvement measures, and to evaluate the applicability and the critical points of the questionnaire. The check-list was divided into four areas: care systems oriented at citizen's respect and centrality; physical accessibility, liveability and comfort of the places of care; access to information, simplification and transparency; care of the relationship with the patient and the citizen. The four areas were divided into 12 sub-areas, 29 criteria and 144 items with sub-items (248 questions), defined as quantitative or qualitative variables allowing for an evaluation of observed reality. Some items from different areas have been grouped into Focus and Operational Units (UU.OO./Facilities). The results of the Age.Na.S. study were used to compare the results obtained in the Roman Province FBF structures with the national ones. The Medical Directors and the responsible of FBF Quality Systems completed the cheek-list. A working group within the Central Hospitals' Health Direction analysed the data and processed the results, using the same scores provided by Age.Na.S.. The analysis of the results was divided into three levels. Focus and UU.OO./Facilities scores were calculated based on Age.Na.S.
- Pimpinella anisum essential oil nanoemulsions against Tribolium castaneum-insecticidal activity and mode of action. [Journal Article]
- ESEnviron Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Apr 30
- The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), is an economically important pest of stored products. As possible alternative to conventional insecticides for its manage...
The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae), is an economically important pest of stored products. As possible alternative to conventional insecticides for its management, plant essential oils have gained interest owing to their effectiveness and eco-friendly features. However, they also show some drawbacks, such as low stability, poor water solubility and diffusion, and limited persistence in the environment. A good strategy to overcome these disadvantages is represented by green nanotechnologies. Herein, we developed a nanoemulsion based on the essential oil from Pimpinella anisum L. (Apiaceae) containing 81.2% of (E)-anethole and evaluated its toxicity on T. castaneum adults and F1 progeny, as well as its morphological and histological impact. The aniseed oil nanoemulsion was characterized by the formation of a semi-solid interphase between oil and water; mean drop size was 198.9 nm, PDI was 0.303, zeta potential was - 25.4 ± 4.47 mV, and conductivity was 0.029 mS/cm. The nanoemulsion showed toxicity on T. castaneum (LC50 = 9.3% v/v), with a significant impact on its progeny. Morphological and histological damages triggered by feeding and exposure to the aniseed nanoemulsion were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy. Overall, our findings showed that the development of nanoemulsions allows to improve the stability of P. anisum essential oil enhancing its efficacy against stored grain pests and contributing to reduce the use of harmful synthetic insecticides.
- Quorum sensing inhibitor potential of trans-anethole aganist Pseudomonas aeruginosa. [Journal Article]
- JAJ Appl Microbiol 2018 Apr 25
- CONCLUSIONS: Trans-anethole has the potential to inhibit QS regulated virulence factors in P. aeruginosa by binding to LasR protein, similar to its natural ligand N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone.In this study, for the first time, it was demonstrated that trans-anethole has the potential to disrupt bacterial communication and can be developed as a novel QS inhibitor to combat with P. aeruginosa and other clinically significant pathogens. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Differential effect of drought regimes on the seedling performance of six floodplain grassland species. [Journal Article]
- PBPlant Biol (Stuttg) 2018 Mar 25
- The performance of seedlings is crucial for the survival and persistence of plant populations. Although drought frequently occurs in floodplains and can cause seedling mortality, studies on the effec...
The performance of seedlings is crucial for the survival and persistence of plant populations. Although drought frequently occurs in floodplains and can cause seedling mortality, studies on the effects of drought on seedlings of floodplain grasslands are scarce. We tested the hypotheses that drought reduces aboveground biomass, total biomass, plant height, number of leaves, leaf area and specific leaf area (SLA), and increases root biomass and root-mass fraction (RMF) and that seedlings from species of wet floodplain grasslands are more affected by drought than species of dry grasslands. In a greenhouse study, we exposed seedlings of three confamilial pairs of species (Pimpinella saxifraga, Selinum carvifolia, Veronica teucrium, Veronica maritima, Sanguisorba minor, Sanguisorba officinalis) to increasing drought treatments. Within each plant family, one species is characteristic of wet and one of dry floodplain grasslands, confamilial in order to avoid phylogenetic bias of the results. In accordance with our hypotheses, drought conditions reduced aboveground biomass, total biomass, plant height, number of leaves and leaf area. Contrary to our hypotheses, drought conditions increased SLA and decreased root biomass and RMF of seedlings. Beyond the effects of the families, the results were species-specific (V. maritima being the most sensitive species) and habitat-specific. Species indicative of wet floodplain grasslands appear to be more sensitive to drought than species indicative of dry grasslands. Because of species- and habitat-specific responses to reduced water availability, future drought periods due to climate change may severely affect some species from dry and wet habitats, while others may be unaffected.
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- Effect of edible chitosan film enriched with anise (Pimpinella anisumL.) essential oil on shelf life and quality of the chicken burger. [Journal Article]
- FSFood Sci Nutr 2018; 6(2):269-279
- In this study, the effect of chitosan film (CF) with different concentrations of anise essential oil AEO (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2%) on the quality of chicken burger during chilled storage (4 + 1°C) were...
In this study, the effect of chitosan film (CF) with different concentrations of anise essential oil AEO (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2%) on the quality of chicken burger during chilled storage (4 + 1°C) were examined over a period of 12 days. For this purpose, at the first, the physical and mechanical properties of the produced films were studied. Then, the chicken burger was covered with the produced films. Different treatment were analyzed by biochemical properties such as moisture and thiobarbituric acid, bacteriological properties such as total viable counts and total psychrotrophic counts,Pseudomonas aeruginosa,Staphylococcus aureus, andEscherichia coli. The results of this study showed that adding AEO improved the properties of CF, the moisture, solubility, and water vapor permeability decreased in these films. By increasing the concentration of AEO the tensile strength and elasticity of film were increased. CF with AEO, delayed lipid oxidation in chicken burger and improved the chemical properties of chicken burger. Also, microbial spoilage in these samples decreased significantly (p < .05) compared to the control sample. AEO at 2% in all experiments had better results than other treatments (p < .05), and the AEO (1.5% and 2%) had acceptable biochemical, bacteriological attributes up to end of storage, and these treatments could reduce the population of pathogen bacteria below the acceptable level from day 3 until the end of the storage period. Sensory score of the treatment containing AEO at 1.5% was higher than the sensory score of AEO at 2%. Overall, the results of this study showed that the use of CF with AEO as a natural preservative increased the shelf life of meat products. Considering the relatively similar anti-oxidation and antimicrobial effect of AEO at 1.5 and 2% and also economic aspects, optimum dose for AEO could be 1.5% in the film.